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The Battle of Hunayn
Transcript of The Battle of Hunayn
DONE BY: SAMEERA KALSLI
THE MUSLIMS CAUGHT BY SURPRISE!
The Muslim army finally reached a large valley called Hunayn, which is located between Makkah and Ta’if. The Muslims were able to see Malik’s army, however they were not aware that the greater part of the army, as well as the archers, was closer than what they thought. There were people behind hills, hiding near the valley and archers at the mountaintops.
Malik Ibn Awf ordered the other part of his army to fake a retreat so the Muslims would be distracted by the surprise attack. Indeed, the Muslims excitement and attention to the spoils left behind made them overlook the plan of Malik. As the Muslims headed toward the valley, the order was given, and all of hiding fighters and archers attacked. Many Muslims ran away from the battleground.
THE NEW CONVERTERS TO ISLAM
Keep in mind that many new converters to Islam haven’t yet filled their hearts with the true iman. In fact some of the new converters were happy when they saw the Muslims lose, mostly because they hoped for their high status and positions again. They disliked how they were moved from high, powerful leaders, to being under control of another leader.
Although they’re hearts were still not filled with iman, the beauty of our religion is that slowly, they will be proud in every way possible. A famous scholar said, "many people entered Islam at the time because of the love of this world, but then eventually Islam became more beloved to them than this whole world."
Some people converted because of love, to marry a Muslim, also because of political power, they didn’t know what Islam was, but slowly iman entered their hearts.
Hadith ~ the seven great destructive sins
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
Narrated Abu-Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him); ‘The Prophet (SAWS) said: “Avoid the seven great destructive sins.” To join others in worship along with Allah, to practice sorcery, to kill the life that Allah has forbidden except for a just cause
(according to Islamic law), to eat up usury, to eat up the orphan’s wealth,
to show one’s back to the enemy and fleeing from the battlefield at the time of fighting
, and to accuse the chaste women, who never even think of anything touching chastity and are good believers.” (Bukhari).
The people of Ta’if were such a large army of fighter and had many supplies, they were smart, and they even had thousands of goats, camels, and horses. When the Prophet was informed about this, he didn’t panic, but smiled and was optimistic, which gave them courage to fight back. Being optimistic is a sign of Iman.
THE GREAT LESSON!!!
At the start, the Muslims thought that they were automatically going to win the war because of the large number of 12, 000, however they were not aware that their enemy has 20,000 fighters. They put their alliance in the numbers, not in Allah. They would of almost lost the battle if Allah didn’t support the Prophet and the brave Muslims and put the courage in their hearts. The Muslims learned a lesson that we can now address in our lives; Allah is the one who gives victory, not any kind of military power.
The Prophet took pebbles, throwing it at the enemy, just like battle of Badr. The Muslims were unable to do anything when the arrows were coming down on them, but as the Prophet bravely picked up just a handful of sand/pebbles, he said, “May they all be blinded!” and that’s exactly what happened. It was a gift and miracle of Allah (SWT). Also, Allah sent many angels to take part in the battle.
An old woman that was one of the prisoners came to Prophet telling him that she was his foster sister. Her name was Ash-Shaymaa’ Bint ul-Harith, and was the daughter of Haleemah As-Sa’diyyah, the nurse and caretaker of the Prophet (PBUH). The prophet was extremely happy when as he remembered his foster sister, and noticed a mark from the bite that he gave her when they were children playing. She embraced Islam and the Prophet gave her many gifts.
The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) mentions fleeing during a battle is one of Al-Mobiaqat, one of the 7 destructive sins.
Everyone expected that that there was no hope for the Muslims and that they would be defeated, however, the Muslims were determined to win. They took the right side of the valley and stayed firm. There was Abu Bakr, Omar Ibn Al-Khattab, Al-Abbas, Ali and more that made about 80 fighters. The prophet yelled out in a courageous to the Muslims to regroup, and Al-Abbas, with a very loud voice joined him upon calling the servants of Allah. Whenever they called upon a group (Muhajereen, Ansar, people of the treaty of Ridwan…) it was as if they suddenly woke up and suddenly came to the Prophet. The sahaba and the Muslims were impressed by his (PBUH) courage that they started to defend themselves bravely against Hawazin and some even went behind the Prophet for protection.
EARLY DEFEAT FOR THE MUSLIMS
Avoid being a quitter and a coward; always be courageous especially during hardships.
The Muslims responded to the Prophet and returned to the battlefield. They realized that there was hope and high courage, and most importantly that the Muslim moral army was back in shape.
The Muslims regained their power and after seven days of chasing and fighting Hawazin, they defeated them. (Some of them looked for shelter in the city of At’Ta’if.)
The Muslims then had the chance to collect the spoils of war, and these goods included; sixty thousand camels, sheep, and goats, as well as four thousand ounces of silver.
The Prophet saw the women and children of Hawazin, that were the prisoners of the war, and the prophet ordered clothing for them since they were poorly dressed.
THE MUSLIMS REGAIN CONTROL
KEEP IN MIND!!!
MUSLIM ETHICS OF WAR
After the war, the Prophet saw a dead woman, and became angry. He questioned the sahaba, “why did you kill her? This women did not come to fight.” A soldier responded, “But her children are disbelievers!” the prophet then told him, “You were once a disbeliever as well, but Allah lead you to Islam.” The Prophet PBUH then prohibited the killing of any women or child. He said, “Every newborn is born with the true faith.”
Abu Hurayrah narrated that Prophet Muhammad said:
“Every newborn is born with the true faith in their heart, then his parents teach him or her to become a Jew or a Christian or a Pagan. “
MUSLIMS PREPARE TO GO TO TA'IF
After they attacked the people of Hawazin, many of the disbelievers fled, most of them went to Ta’if city. The Muslims wanted to make their way to Ta’if but they knew so little about the area and how they can attack due to the
The Prophet sent a couple of people to learn new skills and strategies. After 2 weeks they came with all of what they’ve learned. They prepared
in order to throw heavy rocks above fortress walls. They also prepared
wooden moveable tents
, so that they can move toward the city and sill have protection against any weapons they may use. In addition they used
so they can break free of the walls. BUT… the people of Ta’if were extremely prepared. (Example: instead of shooting arrows, they poured melted mold and copper on the Muslims.)
This world is a test from Allah (swt) to test our strength and courage. The Muslims didn’t receive open doors and ease throughout the battles and especially when they wanted to fight the people of Ta’if, the worked very hard and many lives were lost, and yet they didn’t succeed at that moment. This shows us we always have to try and this life is a life a test not life of ease.
On the 20th of Shawal, the Muslims surrounded the city of Ta’if. They used bows and arrows, canons, tanks, and other military tools. You may be thinking of the heavy equipment we use today, but the canons actually shoot rocks instead of bombs, and the tanks were not made of weighty steel, but they were wooden wagons that carried logs to be pounded against walls in order to destroy them or weaken any defenses.
HAWAZIN EMBRACES ISLAM
After 2 weeks, 5th day of Thul Qi’dah, the Muslims went to a nearby city. The people of Ta’if still had enough supplies that would last them a year, and wouldn’t surrender. The Prophet still hoped that the people of Thaqeef would embrace Islam; therefor he wasn’t willing to destroy them. He prayed to Allah, “Oh Allah guide the people of Thaqeef to Islam.”
The Prophet wanted to meet with Malik Ibn Awf, when they met he directly embraced Islam. The Prophet wanted to keep him as the leader of Hawazin, so when he went back to his city, he called his tribe to Islam, and the majority accepted, except for the clan of Thaqeef.
Many leaders of Hawazin, including Malik Ibn Awf tried convincing the people of Thaqeef to accept Islam for about a whole year until they finally accepted Islam, however they wanted sent a delegation on the 9th year of Hijrah during Ramadan, to Madinah, wanting to meet with the Prophet to talk about some terms before accepting Islam.
• They asked the Prophet not to immediately destroy “Al-lat” their main idol, but wait 3 more years!!!
• They asked if they can pray without making wudoo’ due to the cold weather!!
• They wanted to pray without rukoo’ or sujood!!!
TA'IF BECOMES A MUSLIM CITY
The prophet PBUH explained to them that these are Allah’s rules and wisely convinced them to follow the orders. He also told them that they didn’t have to destroy the idols themselves, but instead he would send some of his companions:
• Al-Mugheera Ibn Shu’bah
• Abu Sufyan
The people of Ta’if were very bad to the Prophet (PBUH); they tortured, threated, and fought him for many years. The Prophet still had hope and patience, and prayed to Allah, and finally everything paid off. All of Arabia accepted Islam and excluded Idol worshipping for good.
We must always be patient even at the time of hardships. The people of Ta’if were very cruel to the Prophet, yet he prayed for them and asked Allah to guide them to Islam. He was extremely patient which is a very hard thing due to this situation.
Abdullah Ibn Omar (RA) narrated that Rasollullah (PBUH) said:
“Three manners lead to destruction; acting upon greed, following desires, and becoming proud of one’s self. And three manners lead to safety; fearing Allah in private and public, moderate spending when poor or rich, and acting justly while in anger or happiness.”