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Copy of Southern Colony APUSH Project

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Tony Magnon

on 12 February 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Southern Colony APUSH Project

Southern colonies
VIRGINIA
Founding, Founders & Purposes for settlement
Commercial companies such as the Virginia Company wanted to help in colonial expansion
Their purpose was to become partners with the English merchants.
They had to search for gold, pearls and a new passage to Asia.
But they Failed. Why?
Geography & Town Development
Virginia had Tide Water.
Primary
Economic
Endeavors
Ethnic, Religious, Educational Issues
Social
Indicators
Types of Goverment
Good soil and Climate for farming.
Coastal plains and rolling hills = Good for raising crops.
Some towns went from a few houses to wealthy mansions
Like so:
Before
After
Colonists spread out, from Jamestown to Williamsburg.
Jamestown
Williamsburg
In 1619, the Government was by the people.
Institution of Slavery
The Virginia Company issued orders to limit power.
The first house of Burgesses
Significant Events/ People
Cultural Arts
GEORGIA
Founding, Founders & Purpouses for settlement
Geography & Town Development
Types of Goverment
Primary Economic Endeavors
Ethnic, Religious, Educational Issues
Social Indicators
Significant Events/ People
Cultural Arts
THE CAROLINAS
Cultural Arts
Founding, Founders & Purposes for settlement
Geography & Town Development
Types of Goverment
Primary Economic Endeavors
Ethnic, Religious, Educational Issues
Social Indicators
Significant Events/ People
MARYLAND
Founding, Fouders, and Purpous for Settlement
Geography and Town Development
Types of Goverment
Primary Economic Endeavors
Ethnic, Religious, Education Issues
Social Indicators
Significant Events/ People
Georgia is the "buffer zone" between Spanish Florida and the Carolinas.
The first English Colony of America and responsible for the first English settlement, Jamestown
Established the first elected assembly, the House of Burgesses, which was the first representative government in the New World
Everyone in debt would come to Georgia.
Founded by James Ogelthorpe in 1733.
In 1619, Virginia allowed the arrival of the first black workers from Africa, who became indentured servants
Were able to trade with the friendly Powhatan Indians
"Back country"
Full of forests.
Fertile swamps/
marshes.
Savannah and Altamaha Rivers
Most of the popular music consisted of the harpsichord
A proprietary Colony
House holds made their own clothing; made usually of cotton, wool, and leather
In 1757 it became a Royal colony.
men were socially superior over women
So People elected an Assembly.
women often became wed at the age of sixteen, and started families
Founded by Lord Baltimore.
In 1634
Served as a Haven for Catholics
Positives
Negatives
Lay in between the Potomac river and Chesapeake Bay.
Economic opportunity also brought Catholics to Maryland
Cultural Arts
the northernmost southern colony to have slavery
Indian tribes that lived in Maryland were the Nanticoke, Powhatan and Susquehannock.
Families were often very large in order for the children to help economically when the parents became to old
The family was the main source of entertainment
Families in colonial Maryland were mostly Protestant and had a strong religious background
There was an emphasis on education and hard work that was passed down from parents to their children
Children could leave home as early as 7 to become formally employed as an apprentice. After their apprenticeship was over, older teens became journeymen, and then became business owners themselves.
There was prison labor along with the use of indentured servitude
Conducive to growing tobacco.
The desire to make profits from tobacco soon led to the need for low-cost labor.
Geography like in Virginia.
In the year 1639, a representative government was established.
The freemen chose as many representatives as they pleased.
The Governor appointed by the proprietor.
The Representatives, plus the Governor and a Secretary made up the government in Maryland.
Started the acts of Toleration- created freedom of worship for Catholics and Protestants, along with all Christians
George Fox, the founder of the Society of Friends or Quakers, gathered a group of people to listen to his preaching and among those people were members of the Legislature, the leading men of the province, Indian sachems and their families, with their great chief at their head.
There was a boundary dispute between Maryland and Pennsylvania that was fixed in 1767 by two surveyors named Mason and Dixon. Later this boundary became famous in after years as the dividing line between the free and slave States.
Leonard Calvert, a brother of Lord Baltimore, began the settlement of Maryland at St. Mary's, near the mouth of the Potomac. He took with him 200 immigrants and made friends with the Indians, whom he treated with justice and kindness. This allowed the creation of Annapolis, founded in 1683 and Baltimore in 1729.
Deep wooded Mountains and hills.
North Carolina lacked deep-water ports
Cheaspeake Bay
Founded by Eight Nobles after getting a Charter from Charles II
Some Virginians went to North Carolina because Virginia was getting overcrowded and they needed more land for farming.
Purpose for the founding of the Carolinas was for economic gain.
North Carolina had no form of government until it obtained a royal charter by King Charles II in 1729.
South Caroline on the other hand was a constitutional monarchy.
Plantations were often separated by hundred of miles. Because people in the south lived so far apart, they were divided into counties, and they had county government. Each county had a courthouse where the rich planters would meet to decide on various matters. The plantations also had many workers who lived on the land.
Some had indentured servants from England who promised to work the land for a certain number of years in exchange for money and a place to live on the plantation. Others had slaves who cost more, but would live and work on the plantation forever. The Southern Colonies had the largest slave population.
 The people of the south lived on large farms, or plantations. Plantations were very different from the small New England farms. On the plantation stood the planter's home, a kitchen, a dairy, a smokehouse, shops for brick makers and carpenters, stables, barns, cabins, and often a school. The plantation was like a small village.
The Southern colonies had the warmest climate of all the colonies. The colonists in the south didn't have to worry as much about surviving the freezing winters.
Malaria and Yellow Fever make the life expectancy low.
Charleston, South Carolina, had the largest port with lots of trade opportunities.
North Carolina separated from South Carolina in 1712
North Carolina, aided by South Carolina, defeated the Tuscarora Indians in the Tuscarora War
Longer growing seasons promote an economy based on agriculture
forced human labor
Maryland was named after Henrietta Maria
When the Navigation Laws were put into effect they greatly interfered with trade of New England. The people were heavily taxed and, in 1678, they broke out in an insurrection led by John Culpepper, who seized the government and held it for two years. This led to Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia.
they were big on barbeque, especially pork barbeque
South Carolina was the first southern state to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy, but North Carolina was the last to secede
The South was influenced by the Carribean culture of the Barbados
Was known as the "Buffer Colony"- used to protect the Carolinas from Spain and France
The last of the 13 colonies
The War of Jenkins Ear was a minor war that fueled a much larger conflict known as the War of Austrian Succession (1742-1748). English Parliament had little money to support the colonies it helped fund . Georgia came under increasing pressure in the late 1740's to become self-sufficient.
influenced by a mixture of music
Music varied from folk to classical
The Southern Colonies were considered the best area for colonization because they provided a social environment for families, created economic gains through agriculture, had areas that were open to multiple cultures, as well as areas for specified groups of people.
Thesis:
There were Variations of religious tolerance in the different colonies
Fun Facts:
African Slaves comprised the largest ethnic group.
The Southern Colonies' Economy-Slaves
Throughout the colonies, the government, subject to the Crown and royal governors, was dominated mainly by planters and farmers, and consisted only of men and landowners.
Georgia was the last colony settled but was the fourth to ratify the Constitution and become a state; named after King George II
Maryland was named for Queen Henrietta Maria of England; Known for its valiant army; statehood on 4/28/1788; part of state became Washington D.C
Virginia was home to four of the first five US presidents, and eventually home to four more; site of 1st permanent settlement in Jamestown 1607
When the colonial era ended, Maryland had the largest number of Catholics
considered a Catholic haven
Catholics and Protestants shared the land of the Chesapeake region
In South Carolina the settlers quickly learned to combine agriculture and commerce, and the marketplace became a major source of prosperity.
Puritans established the first public schooling system for the United States
Not bound to a single crop as was Virginia, North and South Carolina also produced and exported rice and indigo, a blue dye obtained from native plants, which was used in coloring fabric.
The practice of medicine in the colonies was not in a very good state even though there were good educational facilities. The village doctor was an important person, equal to the schoolmaster or the innkeeper, and not much inferior to the minister; also very respected by all classes
In the Southern colonies, wealthy planters and merchants imported private tutors from Ireland or Scotland to teach their children.
Rice emerged as the principle export in the Carolinas
In Charleston, religious tolerance was provided
Many children didn't receive formal schooling because their parents saw no need for the ideas taught in schools, and they also could not afford it.
majority of the children learned more about agricultural society
children worked, women could not own property, and many people married without a legal contract
husband was still his wife’s superior
Society expected that a man would consult with his wife about the welfare of their family, but if they disagreed, the man's decisions prevailed
man was legally the head of his household. He had to pay for the debts of his wife and children. If his wife or children committed a crime, he would be responsible for the fines and had to assure the courts that his wife or children would behave better in the future
economy based on plantation farming and tobacco as a cash crop
Substantial Coastline along the Chesapeake Bay and Atlantic Ocean provided fishing
Lots of forest area provied timber
Georgia was a melting pot of religious beliefs
Persecuted Christian and Jewish people could find refuge
There were no schools
Boys herded cows, chopped wood and hunted.
Girls milked cows, made butter, picked vegetables and looked after chickens.
Preacher George Whitfield founded an orphanage in Savannah where poor children were cared for and taught religion
Wemen often died after giving birth to children
Geogia was not economically able to compete until it introduced slavery into its economy
first commercial commodities included rum, land, and slavery
rice, indigo, lumber and fur became Georgia's primary exports.
The colonists of Georgia planed to make silk their chief product, because of the colony's plentiful mulberry trees were a food staple of the silkworm, but unfortunately that venture failed
Most Women died in child birth? Why?
As tobacco came to dominate the economy, foods imported from other colonies became more important
The Colonists Learned about corn and how to use it from the Indians
Established the Virginia Company that encouraged a collective economic system in which all of the settlers would do the same work and gain the same benefits
No system of currency
John Smith saved Virginia's colony Jamestown from completely collapsing by establishing better guidelines such as "who shall not work shall not eat"
Known as "King Nicotin" because of its tobacco prosperity
Education for the young was a family responsibility, not a legal entitlement.There was a standardized instruction for all children
young Virginia women received a more limited education than men
For children whose parents could pay for it, formal schooling began at about six or seven years of age for girls and boys
The Church in Virginia was very weak and disorganized. It required all priest to be educated and ordained in England, and the Church was also to be governed from London.
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