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To Kill a Mocking Bird (Chapter 4

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Purusoth Thevathasan

on 12 May 2014

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Transcript of To Kill a Mocking Bird (Chapter 4

After school one day, Scout was walking along the Radley's place and found two pieces of gum in a knot hole in one of the Radley's oak trees. Scout chewed the gum until Jem made her spit it out. On the last day of School, Jem and Scout were excited to see their friend Dill,who lives in Meridian. They walked down the same pathway to get home fast. As they were walking they spotted another treasure in the knot-hole. Luckily for Jem and Scout they had found two pennies with indian heads on them and thought that the pennies must have been about 100 years old. Dill arrived the next day and they all decided to play a game called "Boo Radley". This game was a secret between the three of them, no one else was to know about it.This game involved them acting out how each Radley's lived. Atticus eventually found out and asks them to stop playing. They then questioned if they should continue to play.
Chapter 4 Plot

1.
Metaphor:
A figure of speech that make comparison between two unlike things without using the word like or as. For example in this chapter on page 49 “ground, sky and houses melted into a mad palette.”(pg.49)
2.
Pathetic fallacy
: In which nature is described in a way that is describing the emotions of a character. Same quote as #1.
3.
Personification
: A metaphor in which human attributes are used to inanimate object. One example of personification in this chapter would be on page 44. “Some tinfoil was sticking in a knot-hole just above my eye level, winking at me in the afternoon sun.” Or another example would be “Jem’s head at times was transparent.”(pg.51)
4.
Dialogue
: A conversation between two or more characters. Scout and Jem have a conversation about the pennies they found. “ Jem, you reckon that’s somebody’s hidden’ place ?” “Naw, don’t anybody much but us pass by there, unless it some grown person’s” (pg.46)
5.
Atmosphere
: The prevailing feeling in a literary work created through word choice. “ Summer was our best season”(pg.45)


Setting
The setting of To Kill a Mocking Bird took place in Maycomb, Alabama in the 1930's.
Literary Devices
Theme
Femininity:
Jem was criticizing Scout of acting like a girl, "I swear, scout, sometimes you act so much like a girl it's mortifyin'." (pg.50)

Education:
Scout was reading whatever she could get her hands on, "As for me, I knew nothing except what I gathered from Time magazine and reading everything I could lay hands on at home."(pg.43)

Bravery:
Jem created the game Boo Radley so Scout and Dill will not think that Jem is afraid of the Radley's anymore. "Jem's head at times was transparent: he had thought that up to make me understand he wasn't afraid of Radley's in any shape or form, to contrast his own fearless heroism with my cowardice." (pg.51)





To Kill a Mocking Bird (Chapter 4)
Characters
Jem, Scout and Dill. Atticus is somewhat in the chapter.
Jem is the older brother, protective, tells her what to do, fun, adventurous, plays as the hero or main character, curious, lies to Atticus about the Boo Radley game.

Scout listens to Jem, scared, does whatever to fit in with Dill and Jem, smart, curious, acts like a tomboy to not show her feminine side, scared of playing the game, wants to quit.

Dill close friend, plays as the villain, sarcastic, close relationship, independent.

Authors writing Style, Tone , Purpose and Audience
Harper Lee use's slang a lot in the text.

She narrates the novel in a young 6 year old girl's perspective.

I think the purpose of this chapter is how Jem, Dill, and Scout thought that the Radley's were weird and later on in the novel they found out that they were just regular people.

The main Audience of To Kill a Mocking Bird are young adults.
Overall Relevance to the Chapter
The overall relevance of this chapter is that it reflects how interested Scout, Jem & Dill are in the Radley's throughout the whole novel.
Literary Devices Cont.
6.
Diction
: A deliberate choice of words to create a specific atmosphere in this case. “It was sleeping on the back screened porch in cots, or trying to sleep in the treehouse.”(pg.45)
7.
Direct speech
: the exact words spoken by a character. “ Don’t eat things you find, scout” (pg.44)
8.
Imagery
: A picture created by using concrete details, adjectives and figure of speech to give the readers a vivid impression of what or who is being described. “He had discarded the abdominal blue shorts that were buttoned to his shirts and wore real short pants with a belt; he was somewhat heavier, no taller.”(pg.47-48)
9.
Implicit Meaning:
An idea or message that must be inferred by the reader. “As the summer progressed, so did our game. We polished and perfected it, added dialogue and plot until we had manufactured a small play upon which we rang changes everyday”
10.
Irony:
Creates contrast or discrepancy between what is said and what is meant. “if I started behaving like one I could just go off and find some to play with.”
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