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Exodus and Leviticus

Old testament, OBU, Dr Bandy
by

Javier Sossa Molina

on 25 September 2013

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Transcript of Exodus and Leviticus

Exodus
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Jacob's Family Stays in Egypt.
Israelites Multiply in Egypt.
Israelites Oppressed by New King.
Pharaoh's Order to Kill Firstborn

Chapter 1
The Birth and Adoption of Moses.
Moses Flees into Midian.
Moses marries Zipporah, the daughter of Reuel (or Jethro) the priest of Midian.
Israelites Groan in Slavery.
Moses kills an Egyptian guard
Chapter 2
Exodus 2:14 - 'Who made you a ruler and judge over us? Do you want to kill me as you killed that Egyptian yesterday?'
God appears to Moses through a burning bush; God calls Moses back to Egypt to deliver the Israelites from slavery to Pharoah.
Moses objects to going back to Egypt due to his lack of ability.
Moses capitulates and goes back to Egypt.
Chapters 3 and 4
Exodus 3:5,7,8,10 - 'Take your sandals off your feet, for the place where you stand is holy ground. I have certainly seen the oppression of my people who are in Egypt; I have heard their groaning and have come down to deliver them. And now come, I will send you to Egypt.'
Moses appears to Pharoah; Pharoah rejects Moses' plea.
Pharoah gives the Israeiltes more work to do.
Moses blames God for the Israelites extra suffering.
God reiterates his promise to deliver the Israelites.
The Genealogy of Moses and Aaron
Chapters 5 and 6
Chapters 7 - 11
God begins sending plagues on Egypt.
Moses turnes the Nile River into blood.
The Plague of Frogs.
the Plague of Gnats
The Plague of Flies
The Plague on Livestock.
The Plague of Boils.
The Plague of Hail.
The Plague of Locusts.
The Plague of Darkness
Pharoah still refuses to let the Israelites go.
The Plague on the Firstborn of Egypt


Exodus 9:16 - ''Even for this same purpose I have raised you up, that I might show my power in you, and that my name shall be declared in all the earth'
Chapters 12 and 13
The Passover.
The Firstborn in Egyptian family dies in the night.
Pharoah allows the Israelites to leave Egypt; Israel's Exodus from Egypt.
Passover Restrictions
Consecration of the Firstborn.
Pharoah hardens his heart one more time and pursues the Israelites to bring them back to Egypt
Exodus 13:2,12,15 - 'Every male who opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord'
Chapter 14
God parts the Red Sea and the Israelites escape the Egyptians
The Egyptian soldiers are drowned in the sea.
Moses and Miriam sing songs of joy and praise to God for rescuing the Israelites.
The Israelites complain for lack of water; God provides water at Marah and Elim.
The Israelites complain about lack of food; God provides Manna and Quail.
The Israelites led by Joshua defeat the Amalekites.
Chapters 15- 17
Exodus 16:18 - 'He who gathered much had nothing left over, and he who gathered little had no lack'
Moses is visited by his father-in-law Jethro. Jethro teaches Moses how to delegate responsibility.
God fulfills his promise to Moses (Exodus 4) to bring him back to Mt. Sinai.
Moses meets God on the mountain.
God gives instructions for the Israelites to consecrate themselves before giving the Ten Commandmnets.
Chapter 18 and 19
Exodus 19:12-13 - 'And if so much as a beast touches the mountain, it shall be stoned or thrust through with an arrow'
Chapter 20
God gives the Israelites his Ten Commandments.
The people are frightened by God's presence and ask Moses to be their mediator
God reiterates his command not to worship idols or erect altars to other gods.

Exodus 20:12 - 'Honour your father and your mother'. Exodus 20:12-16 - "'You shall not murder,' 'You shall not commit adultery,' 'You shall not steal,' 'You shall not bear false witness,' 'Honour your father and your mother'. Exodus 20:13 - 'You shall not murder' Exodus 20:14 - 'You shall not commit adultery'. Exodus 20:17 - 'You shall not covet'. Exodus 21:2 - 'An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth'.
God gives instructions about Hebrew servants God gives instructions about incidents (eye for eye, tooth for tooth,bull for bull, etc.).
God gives instructions about protection of property and social responsibility.
God gives instructions about justice and mercy
God gives instructions about the day of rest
God gives instructions about three annual festivals.
God places his angel in front of the Israelites to lead the way to the Promised Land.
God confirms his covenant with Israel; Moses explains the laws to the people.
Moses takes Joshua up the mountain to meet God for 40 days and nights.
Chapter 21-24
Chapter 25-31
God instructs Moses to make the Tabernacle (a portable tent for worshiping God). Instructions about the making of The Ark of the Covenant; about making a special table; and about making the lampstand.
Instructions concerning the making of the Tabernacle itself
Instructions about making the Altar of Burnt Offering; about making the Courtyard; about making the oil for the lampstand.
Instructions about the Priestly Garments; about making the Ephod; about making the Breastpiece; and about making other Priestly Garments.
God gives instructions about the consecration of the Priests.
God gives instructions about making The Altar of Incense; instructions about a special atonement tax; about making a basin of washing; about making Anointing Oil; about making incense.
God gives instructions to Moses about two special craftsmen to lead the construction project - Bezalel of the tribe of Judah and Oholiab from the tribe of Dan. God reiterates his command about the Sabbath Day of rest.


Chapter 32-34
Moses is gone too long; the Israelite people force Aaron to make an idol to lead them; Aaron makes a Golden Calf. Moses runs down the mountain to stop them.
Moses broke the two tablets of the Testimony.
God tells Moses the people can make the trip to the Promised Land by themselves.
Moses sees God's glory.
God gives Moses new stone tablets with the ten commandments on them. Moses pleads with God to fulfill His promise to take Israel to Canaan.
God reiterates his covenant with Moses. Moses has to veil his face after meeting with God
Moses shares Sabbath regulations with the Israelites. Moses calls on the people to gather materials to make the Tabernacle and all its articles.
The craftsmen make The Ark of the Covenant; The Table; The Lampstand; and The Altar of Incense
The making of the Altar of Burnt Offering; the Basin of Washing; and the Courtyard; a list of materials used to construct the tabernacle.
The making of the Priestly Garments including the Ephod, Breastpiece; and other priestly garments
Moses inspects the parts of theTabernacle.


Chapter 35-39
The Tabernacle is set up.
The Glory of the Lord filled the Tabernacle.
Chapter 40
Exodus 32:1 - 'Make us gods to go before us; as for this Moses who brought us out of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.
Exodus 33:19 - 'I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I will have compassion'
The Five Offerings Of Leviticus
Is the most important of all the sacrifices, express “dedication"
The sacrifices signified that the whole man, in whose stead the sacrifice was offered, was to be entirely offered or devoted to God's service.
This sacrifice was “of a sweet savor unto the Lord,” since this is what He had desired; therefore it was literally a “pleasing odor.”
The Burnt Offering
The Meal Offering
A gift presented to God as an act of worship. Yet, because this offering was the product of the soil and the result of man's labor, it symbolized the consecration to God of the fruit of one's labor.
The oil has been recognized as a symbol of the Holy Spirit.
Frankincense was incense of high quality
The reference to salt indicates that the act of sacrifice was a reminder of the eternal covenant relationship between the worshipper and his God. A “covenant of salt” was indissoluble.

The blood, the fat and the kidneys of the offering were put upon the altar as "the food of the offering made by fire unto the Lord" (Lev. 3:11)
Part of the offering was laid on the altar and burned as a gift to the Lord, part was given to the priests, and the remainder was eaten by the worshipper.
The Peace Offering
The Sin Offering
The sin offering was not a voluntary sacrifice, as were the three sweet savor oblations above. This offering was required of all; priests (verses 3-12), the congregation as a whole (verses 13-21), rulers (verses 22-26), and common people (verses 27-35).
This offering was for sin and pictures to us Christ who was made sin for us
The trespass offering may be rendered “guilt offering,” and it symbolized satisfaction or restitution. It may be regarded as a particular kind of sin offering, or even as an offering for a particular kind of sin.

The Trespass Offering
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