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SriSivaa Karri

on 3 March 2015

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Transcript of Addiction

Global History
of Addiction
Thank You!
What is Addiction?
5 Things
1. Tolerance

2. Withdrawal

3. Loss of Control

4. Preoccupation

5. Continuation
Criteria for Addiction
Sam P, Lauren W, Anju V, Kim T, Nick L, Dish P, Ogonna O, Sri K
nucleus accumbens - "pleasure center of the brain"
Ancient Mesopotamia
Great Lakes Brewing Company
1) affects the individual

2) affects the people around the individual

3) involved in a large number of accidental deaths and violent crimes
Why is Addiction a public health issue?
during ancient times the Indians, Assyrians and Egyptians cultivated and prepared opium poppy
Egyptian scroll recommends to soothe crying babies
1800s: drug abuse was widespread
considered a norm to drink or use drugs
weren't considered public health issues until recent scientific evidence
Fight Against
1951 UN estimates: ~200 million marijuana uses worldwide
most consumption by country/region
North Africa
United States
Drug Addiction
legal measures against drug abuse in the US were established
1906: Pure Food and Drug Act
required accurate labeling of patent medicines containing opium and certain other drugs
1914: Harrison Narcotic Act
forbade sale of substantial doses of opiates or cocaine except by licensed doctors/pharmacies
1906: first Pure Food an Drug Act becomes law
1971: Public Enemy No. 1 - "Drug Abuse" (Nixon)
Alcohol & Tobacco Abuse
Mothers Against Drunk Driving
Tobacco Abuse
tobacco usage became social norm
Jan 11, 1964: Luther L. Terry, Surgeon General, released the "Surgeon General's Report on Smoking and Health"
1984: Congress passed legislation denying highway funds to states unless they mandated the drinking age to 21
1990s: legislative accomplishments in outlawing smoking in public places
public health phenomenon
1951 UN estimates: ~200 million marijuana uses worldwide
most consumption by country/region
North Africa
United States
How many deaths were attributed to alcohol in 2012:
a) 1.5 million
b) 2.7 million
c) 3.3 million
d) 4.1 million
2010: WHO adopted resoluion eb126.r11
Five objectives:

1. raise global awareness

2. strengthen knowledge base

3. increase technical support

4. strengthen partnerships & increase mobilization

5. improve systems for monitoring
Drugs in Pop Culture
1 in every 3 pop songs today reference drugs or alcohol
overwhelmingly, the references are positive
"Shots" - LMFAO
"Blame It" - Jamie Foxx
"We Can't Stop" - Miley Cyrus
Policy Solutions to Addiction
Solutions to Addiction
drug addiction services are expected to be doubled inside Ohio's prisons
80% of inmates have a history of drug abuse
funding boost is part of Gov. John Kasich's budget proposal
looks to put $58 million over two years toward community-based sentencing options
according to state officials, people who receive drug treatment reoffend within 3 years
The Future of Addiction
Opium Wars: Britain went the war with China twice to keep opium trade open
Pop Culture
In study of 720 songs from Billboard's most popular songs of 2009-2011, how many referenced alcohol?
a) 19%
b) 23%
c) 47%
d) 82%
To learn more about addiction and to know how to help and treat it, visit drugabuse.gov.
We have been making a fight, but the problem is still there.
Full transcript