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How a Bill Becomes a Law

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Andrea Saluzzo

on 24 May 2011

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Transcript of How a Bill Becomes a Law

Step 1: Writing a Bill Any member of Congress can introduce a bill! Step 2:
Introducing a Bill in the House The bill is given to the clerk of the House, or put in the hopper (box on clerk's desk where bills are deposited). Introducing a Bill in the Senate A member has to get recognition from the officer in the morning hour, during which if a senator objects, it is postponed until the next day. The bill is assigned a number, with the sponsor's name, and is sent to the Government Printing Office, where copies are made. The bill can be co-sponsored or sponsored jointly. When the house and senate do not accept each others versions of a bill, it is turned over to the conference committee.The conference committee resolves differences between house and senate versions of a bill. The conference committee makes compromises that include both house and senate ideas. A conference committee cannot include any new material in the finished version of the bill. Once agreements are made, the report gets sent to both houses, and is either accepted, or rejected without amendment. Rarely do houses reject a conference committee's work. Step 7: Conference Committee Step 3:Committees A bill must go through committees before it reaches the floor. It is referred to a committee by the Speaker of the House or the presiding officer of the Senate. Bills can be sent to many different committees or split up so that different parts go to different committees. A time limit is set on the committees. The committee fixes the bill, reports it, and approves it. It is also debated on, and rules can be applied to the debate by special circumstances. After all of this, a petition may be signed. Step 9: Step4:
Floor Action in the Senate 1. The president may accept a bill, and it becomes law.
2. The president also has the power to veto the bill, which is then sent to congress. And congress can override the president's veto by 2/3 vote.
3. The president also has the power to make a pocket veto if congress adjouns its session within ten days of submitting the bill to the president. if the president does not act, the mesure dies. The bill is put on the legislative calendar, or the Executive calendar if it is a nomination or treaty. The Majority Leader schedules the bills. The majority of the Senate decides when the bill is brought to the floor. The bill is debated on according to the Rules Committee. Then, the bill is voted on, and at least 218 member have to be there for a quorum. Floor Action in the House Bills are put in one of the four House calendars. The Speaer of the House and Majority Leader decde what bills go to the floor and when. A bill can also be sent by a discharge petition. Debate is almost unlimited. Step 5: Voting on a Bill After all these step, the bill is voted on. If it is passed, it is sent to the other group. If both groups pass it, it goes to the President, otherwise, it dies. If House and Senate have different bills, it is sent to the Conference Committee, which is where most bills go. Step 6: Bill goes to other house of congress If the House passes the bill, it must be sent to the Senate to be voted on, and vice versa. If either house does not pass the bill, it dies. If it is passed by both, it is sent to the President. If both houses have similar bills, they are sent to the Conference Committee. Step 8: House and Senate vote on final versions House: The Rules Committee scedules bills on House Calanders, the Speaker of the House and the Majority Leader decide which bills will reach the floor and when. The House has limited debate.

Senate: Party leaders have unlimited debate on a bill. Floor debates are sceduled on the legislative claandar. Members usually take advantage their power by blocking debate on a bill through filibusters. and only a vote of 3/5 of senators can end a filibuster. How a Bill Becomes a Law The End! By: Andrea Saluzzo and Sally Walsh
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