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Time and Cause Adverbs
Transcript of Time and Cause Adverbs
Structure and Written Expression
Sentences with adverb clauses have two basic patterns in English. Study the clauses and
connectors in the following sentences:
I will sign the check
you leave, I will sign the check
____ was late, I missed the appointment.
(C) The train
(D) Since he
There are two clauses
( ____ was late,)
( I missed the appointment)
Therefore you need a
. You also need a
for the first clause.
Answers A and C provide the subject but not the cause conncector.
Answer B provides the cause connector but not the subject
Answer D provides both the cause connector and the subject
Adverb Time and Cause Connectors
as long as
as soon as
by the time
in as much
Review - Coordinating Conjuctions
Many sentences in English have more than one clause.
A clause is a group of words containing a subject and a verb.
Whenever you find a sentence on the TOEFL test with more than one clause;
make sure every subject has a verb
make sure every verb has a subject
Next you need to check that the various clauses in the sentence are correctly joined.
There are various ways to join clauses in English. Certain patterns appear frequently in English and on the TOEFL test.
Tom is singing,
Paul is dancing.
Tom is tall,
Paul is short.
F A N B O Y S
o n o u r e o
r d r t t
2. I missing subject
4. I missing connector
6. I missing verb
7. I missing subject
10. I missing coma
Use Other Adverb Connectors Correctly
Adverb Clauses express -
Adverb Clauses can also express other ideas such as
Other Adverb Clauses
Have the same construction as the time and cause connectors.
I will leave at 7:00
I am ready.
I was late, I managed to catch the train.
You will get a good grade on the exam
C. to study
Because provided is a connector and comes in the middle of the sentence it must be followed by a subject and a verb.
Other Adverb Connectors
condition contrast manner place
if although as where
in case even though in that wherever
S V adverb connector S V
Bob went to school even though he felt sick.
adverb connector S V S V
Even though Bob felt he went to school.
Exercise 8 Answers
2. I missing connector
3. I missing verb
5. I missing subject
7. I missing verb
8. I missing comma
Go over homework
Reading - Surgery
TOEFL Prep 1
2. add to
3. added difficulty
4. very overweight
TOEFL Prep 2
"Skeleton in you closet"
Structure and Written Expression Packet
page 112 Exercise (Skills 6-8)
TOEFL Exercises (Skills 6-8)
page 113 TOEFL Exercises (Skills 1-8)