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Transcript of Flappers
The Great Gatsby
because she values money and physical items over love. This is the real reason she doesn’t wait for Gatsby to return from war and marries Tom Buchanan instead. Unlike Gatsby, at the time, Tom could provide Daisy with all the material things she desired.
Text Support: “He let her believe that he was a person from much the same strata as herself – that he was fully able to take care of her. As a matter of fact he had no such facilitates- he had no comfortable family standing behind him…” (Pg. 156)
"Her voice is full of money," (Pg. 127)
Some felt threatened by the change in women.
Several states made laws charging fines to women wearing skirts with hemlines three inches above the knee.
Many employers fired women who bobbed their hair.
Flappers shocked conservatives by cutting hair and wearing make up.
To many older conservatives, the emergence of the flapper seemed proof that society was coming apart at the seams. Those who had fought for women's suffrage and had hoped the younger generation would take advantage of the chance to become politically active were disappointed by the flappers' preference for fun and fashion over working to improve society.
The Great Gatsby
Who and What is a Flapper?
Flappers were young city dweller women in the 1920s whose bold, carefree manner of dress/behavior signified a change in attitude towards women's roles.
These women asserted their independence and modernity by rebelling against traditional conventions of feminine behavior and dress.
Etymology of the word
The term flapper originated in Great Britain, where there was a short fad among young women to wear rubber galoshes (an overshoe worn in the rain or snow) left open to flap when they walked.
In America, it was used to describe the young women of the 1920's who represented a tremendous change in women's lives and attitudes.
Casual wear generally followed the youthful trend for the flat-chested garçonne look. Straight cuts with little shaping and a dropped waist gave the effect of slenderness. Knee length dresses or skirts with fringe and beaded shirts were very popular. Accessories included feather boas, pearls, and beaded headbands.
Golf was a very popular sport of the Flapper Era. By 1920, the standard golf ensemble was a matching two-piece dress. Golf dresses were rather plain, with a straight or a pleated skirt. Women often wore patterned stockings, and golf shoes of the time usually had rubber soles. White was also forbidden for golf, although jersey and tweeds were frequently used.
Flappers smoked, drank alcohol, cut their hair short and wore short and wore knee length dresses considered revealing during the time period.
These women also changed their views regarding courtship rituals, marriage, and child rearing. With this came the expectation that she could engage in the same social freedom that men enjoyed.
Her open flirtatiousness and sexual frankness represented a challenge to older attitudes and went against the grain of American puritanism.
1920s Flappers. N.d. The Fashion Spot. Web. 30 May 2014.
"[Daughters of Movie Magnate Call on the President. Misses Edith and Irene Mayer, Daughters of Louis Mayer, Head of the Metro Goldwyn Mayer Corp., Wearing Fur and Fur-trimmed Coats]." [Daughters of Movie Magnate Call on the President. Misses Edith and Irene Mayer, Daughters of Louis Mayer, Head of the Metro Goldwyn Mayer Corp., Wearing Fur and Fur-trimmed Coats]. N.p., 1927. Web. 29 May 2014.
"Flappers." Fashion, Costume, and Culture, Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations and Footwear Through the Ages. Vol. 4. Detroit: Thomson Gale, 2004. 732. Print.
Flappers. N.d. Bad Fads Museum. The Badfads Museum. Web. 30 May 2014.
Fitzgerald, Francis S. The Great Gatsby. New York: Collier, 1925. Print.
"Gabrielle ‘Coco’ CHANEL Tribute – WOMAN of ACTION." A Celebration of Women. N.p., 30 Sept. 2011. Web. 29 May 2014.
Hanson, Erica. "Flappers Chapter 3." A Cultural History of the United States Through the Decades: The 1920s. San Diego: Lucent, n.d. 47-50. Print.
Harding, Warren G. 1920's. Vol. 2. Danbury: Brown Reference Group, 2005. Print.
Howes, Kelly K. Roaring Twnties. Michigan: Thomson Gale, 2006. Print.
N.d. The Locations of Modernity and Daring Fashions. Hipstersleek. Web. 11 June 2014.
Stratford, Sarah J. "Coco Chanel Designs." LoveToKnow. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 June 2014.
Women's Golf in the 1920s. N.d. LIVESTRONG. Web. 29 May 2014.
Muted colors and simple fabrics were advised. In the early 1920's, these work dresses had waist yokes and raglan sleeves. In 1929, Coco Chanel introduced trousers. The look was considered shocking, and only wealthy women whose status in society was unquestioned, could get away with it.
Some of the dresses were boxy and hung straight down from shoulder to knee with no waistline.
This dress did not show breasts or hips, but a lot of leg (just below the knee).
Flappers cut their hair in a bob and curled it into dozens of tiny spit curls with bobby pins.
It was considered glamorous to wear red lipstick, lots of rouge, and thick, black lines around the eyes.
Features of this shape included ankle-length oval skirts supported by panniers, and a broad neckline. The gowns were frequently made in pastel colors and decorated with ribbons. Generally, evening gowns of the twenties were ankle-length, straight-cut sleeveless sheaths worn over colorful slips.
A famous flapper was Clara Bow, a silent film star. She was known for her open sexuality, innocence, and fun. These traits were known to be the definition of a flapper during this time. Many young women imitated her look by drawing a bow shape on their lips, rimming their eyes in black, and curling their hair onto cheeks.
The Great Gatsby
Jordan Baker was the best representation of a Flapper in the novel. Jordan spent a lot of her time partying, drinking and gossiping. Jordan was a professional Golf player. Golf was a very popular sport during the Flapper era. Jordan represents the "new woman" of the 1920's, she was boyish, cynical and self-centered. She was also known for her arrogant attitude and dishonesty about her performance as an athlete.
"...she left a borrowed car out in the rain with the top down, and then lied about it." pg.57
"...a suggestion that she had moved her ball from a bad lie in the semi-final round." pg. 62
"She was incurably dishonest." pg.63
The Great Gatsby (1974) - Movie Scene
Marlene Dietrich modeling a masculine-styled pant suit designed by Coco Chanel