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Transcript of Global Prehistory
c. 2500-1600 B.C.E.
Camelid sacrum in the shape of a canine. Tequixquiac, central Mexico
Apollo 11 Stones, Namiba.
c. 25,000 B.C.E.
Charcoal on stones
Great Hall of the Bulls. Lascaux, France Paleolithic Europe. 15,000-13,000 B.C.E. Rock painting
Running horned woman. Tassili n'Ajjer, Algeria
Pigment on rock
Bushel with ibex motifs
Painted terra cotta
Papus, New Guinea
c. 1500 B.C.E.
Tlatilco female figurine
Central Mexico, site of Tlatilco
Terra cotta fragment.
Lapita. Solomon Islands, Reef Islands.
Humanity is understood to have begun in Africa and radiated outward. Beginning around 77,000 years ago
Paleolithic and Neolithic Europe's artistic statements provide glimpses into the beginnings of ritual life as people tried to influence and integrate with the natural cycles of the cosmos and promote both human and animal fertility.
The periods of global prehistory, known as lithic or stone ages:
Paleolithic = "old stone age"
Mesolithic = "middle stone age"
Neolithic = "new stone age"
The first "art" was created in the form of rock paintings and carved natural materials, such as charcoal & ocher. Geometric patterns and representations of life forms, usually human and animal, were typical two-dimensional creations.
On the American continent, from the Arctic to Tierra del Fuego, indigenous people who had recently migrated from Asia (before 10,000 B.C.E.) first made sculptures from animal bone and later from clay, with animals and sacred humans as dominant subject matter.
Important monuments, such as the caves at Lascaux and media, particularly ceramics, were first discovered and described by archaelogists and then became available for interpretation by art historians - the two disciplines are highly complementary.
The fact that female figurines may also display unusual or supernatural characteristics suggests the importance of shamanic religion brought from Asia very early in human history.
"This exquisite and exceedingly rare sculpture, discovered in a cave in the early 1960s, was made more than 3500 years ago and is one of the earliest known Pacific works of art. Ancient stone mortars and pestles from Papua New Guinea are often fashioned into the forms of birds, humans and animals. However, the Ambum stone is on a higher sculptural level than other prehistoric pestles and has a greater level of figurative detail. When the process involved in producing the Ambum stone is taken into consideration it is all the more magnificent – working with the tough greywacke stone would have involved many weeks of laborious chipping and hammering at the surface with stone tools."
This haunting anthropomorphic stele is among the earliest known works of art from the Arabian Peninsula and dates back to some six thousand years ago. Found near Ha’il in the north, it was probably associated with religious or burial practices. The figure's distinctive belted robe and double-bladed sword may have been unique to this region
The Apollo 11 Cave is an archeological site in the ǁKaras Region of south-western Namibia...The name given to the surrounding area and presumably the cave by the Nama people was “Goachanas”. However, the cave was given its name by German archaeologist Wolfgang Erich Wendt who was working in the cave when he heard of the Apollo 11 crew's successful return to Earth on July 24, 1969. Slabs radiocarbon dated from 27,500-25,500 BCE Apollo 11 Cave - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Henges: Stonehenge, Woodhenge, Avebury & Stanton Drew
Comedy Clip from British comedian, Eddie Izzard: Explict Language (for comic relief)
A stele is a large slab of stone used as a marker.
Questions to consider...
What type of people created these works?
What materials were used?
What were the themes or subject matter of the art of this time period?
What functions could art serve?
How is the understanding surrounding these works developed?