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Forced labour indicators as a research tool

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Julia Borgianni Batho

on 1 July 2015

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Transcript of Forced labour indicators as a research tool

Forced labour indicators as a research tool
What do we know about forced labour?
20.9 million people in forced labour (ILO Global Estimate 2012)

Largest number of forced labourers: Asia-Pacific

Annual illegal profits generated by forced labour*
The Asia-Pacific region accounts for the highest absolute number of forced labourers – 11.7 million or 56% of the global total. The second highest number is found in Africa at 3.7 million (18%), followed by Latin America and the Caribbean with 1.8 million victims (9%). The Developed Economies and European Union, and the countries of Central, Southeast and Eastern Europe (non-EU) and the Commonwealth of Independent States account respectively for 7% of the world's forced labourers each. There are an estimated 600,000 (3%) victims in the Middle East.
(*ILO global estimates 2012)
*ILO, 2014.
GLOBALLY: USD 150 Billion/annually

Asia-Pacific: USD 51.8 Billion/annually
What do we still
NEED TO KNOW?

The hidden part of the iceberg
Who are the people trapped in exploitative forms of work?
What are the root causes?
How many silent victims?
How to collect reliable data at the national level?
How can indicators
HELP?
Indicators are a flexible tool: they can be adapted to the type of forced labour to be surveyed, the national legal framework and the sectoral context
Indicators can help tailoring survey questions: each indicator can be transformed into one or a set of questions

An indicator-based approach helps capturing a broader spectrum of violations: from abusive practices to more extreme cases of exploitation in the form of forced labour
Indicators allow for the differences in workers' experiences to come through
Disaggregating forced labour into a set of "problems" might help tracking policy gaps and developing targeted interventions
Want to know more?
CHALLENGES
Try checking these:
Hard to see, harder to count - Survey guidelines to estimate forced labour of adults and children. ILO, 2012.
http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---declaration/documents/publication/wcms_182096.pdf
ILO Data Initiative on Forced labour. ILO, 2015.
http://apflnet.ilo.org/discussions/resources/ilo-data-initiative-on-modern-slavery-1
Online discussion: research on forced labour and trafficking in persons. ILO Asia-Pacific Forced Labour Network, May 2015.
http://apflnet.ilo.org/discussions
Need for stronger knowledge base at national level
Need for conceptual clarity
Unavailability of primary data
Need for contextual analysis to take into account factors that might increase workers' vulnerability
Line between coercion and severe exploitation is not always clear
Full transcript