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American Reconstruction

Michael Morgan Israel Herrera Erica Kim Katarina Vaughn

Michael Morgan

on 8 October 2012

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Transcript of American Reconstruction

Reconstruction Erica Kim
Michael Morgan
Katerina Vaughn
Israel Herrera Lincoln's Plan
Johnson's Plan
Conditions in the post war south
Politics in the post war sounth
Support for reconstruction
opposition for Reconstruction
Former slaves improve their lives
Democrats redeem the south Topics: Lincoln's Plan Breakdown of Republican unity made it harder for Radicals to continue to impose the Reconstruction plan on the south
Bank Failures, called panic of 1873, started a 5 year depression
Took attention in North away from South's problems
Supreme court began to undo some of the changes that the radicals had made
Political violence in south
African Americans-Denied rights Support for Reconstruction Fades Southern Democrats began to regain control
Called it "Redemption"
This and a political deal made in election of 1876 led to the end of reconstruction
Hayes was Elected in 1876
Tilden won the popular vote but 1 vote short of Electoral victory
Reconstruction ended in the south when Hayes was elected
Not much was done about Discrimination Democrats "Redeem" the South African Americans didn't have full membershipin churches before the civil war
Because of reconstruction, African Americans founded their own churches which became a big part of the African American community
Since 95% of former slaves were illiterate, former slaves required education to be economically self sufficient
In many southern states,the first public school systems were established be the reconstruction government Former Slaves Improve their Lives The most infamous of the southern vigilante groups were the ku klux klan (kkk)
The klan wanted to destroy the Republican party, to kick out the Reconstruction and to prevent African Americans from practicing their poitical rights.
To try and acheive these goals they killed about 20,000 men, women, and children
Also Whites southerners often didn't want to hire or do business
Because of the KKK violence, congress passed a series of enforcement acts in 1870 and 1871
In May 1872, congress passed legislation that weakened the power of the Republican party in the south
It let the 150,000 former candidates to vote and hold office. These things helped southern Democrats to regain political power Opposition to Reconstruction Conditions in the Post war south The war had devastated the south economically
Throughout the South, many small farms were ruined
The region's population was so devastated, hundreds of thousands of southern men died in war. Politics in the Post war south Three groups that constituted the Republican party in the south were-Scalawags, carpetbaggers, and African Americans
African Americans gained voting rights as a result of the fifteenth amendment.
The differeing goals of scalawags, carbetbaggers, and African americans led to a lack of unity in the Republican party
Scalawags were white southerners who joined the Republican party Carpetbaggers were northerners who moved to the south after the war. Offered to pardon confederates who took an oath for the Union
It was meant so that the confederates could join the union as a unity
once the ten percent of a state's citizens eligible to vote in 1860, swear an oath of allegiance, and a state has abolished slavery, he promises to readmit the state to the Union.
attempted to continue with Lincoln's vision of reconstruction
Lincoln and Johnson both felt it important to be lenient and forgiving to those who seceded from the Union
South did not want to extend the right to vote to blacks and Radical Republicans wanted to punish the South.
Johnson tried to veto the Civil Rights Act in 1866 because he didn't believe the north should force its views on the south Johnson's Plan
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