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Understanding Philippine Political Culture

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Ecka Franco

on 7 September 2015

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Transcript of Understanding Philippine Political Culture

Understanding Philippine Political Culture
Jovelyn Vertulfo Aquino
Erica Therese Parale Franco

What is
Thank you!
Culture, in the broadest sense, it is the
way of life of people

Political Culture in the Philippines
 Political culture in the Philippines is heavily influenced by its Spanish and American colonizers, as well as by the major events that happened since its independence.
Political Culture
 Political culture is the ‘
pattern of orientations
’ to political objects such as parties, government, and the constitution, expressed in beliefs, symbols and values.
sociologists and anthropologists
, it is
passed on from one generation to another

, rather than through biological inheritance.

political scientists
, culture is a
people’s psychological orientation

 Political culture differs from public opinion in the sense that it is a product of long- term values of a nation, rather than simply people’s reaction towards specific issues given a particular time (Heywood 206)
 Most of the political cultures that existed in the pre-colonial era are now obsolete and irrelevant, as all or almost all of these are no longer evident in the current Philippine political culture.
Political Culture in the Philippines
Examples of these are extremely fragmented political institutions and presence of social classes that show clear inequalities among citizens of a barangay city-state by labeling them as

a. tumao,
b. timawa,
c. alipin, maginoo,
d. maharlika among others

What is Political Culture?
What is the Political Culture in the Philippines?
Components of the Political Culture
Every political culture consists of various elements, which are the orientations of the people towards different aspects of the political system.
Cognitive orientation:
- It refers to the knowledge and beliefs about the political

Affective orientation:
- It refers to the feelings about the political system.

Evaluative orientation:
-It refers to judgment and opinions about political systems by
the people.

What are the General Types
of Political Culture?
General Types of Political Culture
According to their level and type of political participation and the nature of people’s attitudes toward politics, Gabriel Almond and Sidney Verbal outlined three pure types of political culture:
1. Participant Political Culture
- These are the people who actively participate in the politics of the
nation. This is commonly found in fully DEMOCRATIC SET UPS.

2. Subject Political Culture
- These are people who are generally passive towards political objects,
somewhat showing that they think they have little or no ability to
influence their government. This is commonly found in centralized

3. Parochial Political Culture
-These are the people who are remotely aware of the presence of a
national government. They have neither knowledge nor interest in
politics and engage mainly within their locality.

General Types of Political Culture
In addition political culture has also an;
4. Authoritarian political culture
- In this participation in political affairs and decisions in political
affairs and decisions is according to the authority of the state or
government. The ruler is the real decision maker, the people as a
voters are to comply with his decisions.

Traditional Political Culture
Traditional Political Culture
The Primacy of Kinship Ties
Utang na Loob
Personalistic Politics
Full transcript