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The Philippines

an ESL part 1 Cultural presentation
by

Peter Lem

on 9 September 2011

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Transcript of The Philippines

Maligayang pagdating sa Philippines Welcome to the Philippines Official known as the Republic of the Philippines

With 94 million people, the Philippines is the world's 12th most populous country

11 million Filipinos live overseas The Philippines is divided into three island groups: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.

As of March 2010, these were divided into 17 regions,

80 provinces,

138 cities,

1,496 municipalities, and

42,025 barangays (village, district, or ward)

The Capital city being Manila That's interesting The Philippines location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and its tropical climate make the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons but have also endowed the country with natural resources and made it one of the richest areas of biodiversity in the world. The Pacific Ring of Fire – area where 90% of the worlds earthquakes occur and the greatest amount of volcanic eruptions The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 marked the beginning of an era of Spanish interest and eventual dominance. 1565 to 1821

Thus

The name Philippines is derived from that of King Philip II of Spain The United States replaced Spain as the dominant power in the turn of the 20th century Then Philippines was under Japanese Occupation during the World War 2 The Philippines gained independence after world war 2 in 1946


From then on officially known as the Republic of the Philippines. Being part of the UN The country is an active participant in the Human Rights Council as well as in peacekeeping missions, Shall we look into the Filipino culture? Values and Beliefs Religion Religion is more family-centered than church-centered and this makes for a special festive spirit on any occasion Missionary work led to widespread Christianity Roman Catholic missionaries converted most to Christianity and founded schools, a university, and hospitals. More than 90% of the population are Christians: about 80% belong to the Roman Catholic Church while 10% belong to other Christian denominations Between five and ten percent of the population are Muslim and a small percentage other Society, Family, Business, and Etiquette Business relationships are personal relationships, which mean you may be asked to do favours for colleagues, and they will fully expect you to ask them for favours in return. Never refer to your host's wife as the hostess. This has a different meaning in the Philippines. Dress well. Appearances matter and you will be judged on how you dress. Use academic, professional, or honorific titles and the person's surname until you are invited to use their first name protocol says greet the eldest or most important person first. If someone is publicly embarrassed, criticized, or does not live up to expectations, they feel shame and lose self-esteem. Filipinos believe they must live up to the accepted standards of behaviour and if they fail to do so they bring shame not only upon themselves, but also upon their family.

One indication of this might be a willingness to spend more than they can afford on a party rather than be shamed by their economic circumstances. It is common for members of the same family to work for the same company.

In fact, many collective bargaining agreements state that preferential hiring will be given to family members. The family is the centre of the social structure and includes the nuclear family, aunts, uncles, grandparents, cousins and honorary relations such as godparents, sponsors, and close family friends.

People get strength and stability from their family. As such, many children have several godparents. Concern for the extended family can be seen in the support provided to family members when they seek employment. One of the most visible Hispanic legacies is the prevalence of Spanish names and surnames among Filipinos Trade from the 1500 - 1600 between the maritime-oriented peoples and other Asian countries brought influences from Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam. There are an estimated 90,370 physicians or 1 per every 833 people, 480,910 nurses, 43,220 dentists, and 1 hospital bed per every 769 people.

Keeping skilled practitioners is a problem. 70% of nursing graduates go overseas to work. The country is the biggest supplier of nurses. Education In 1899 one author said when Spain was replaced by the United States as the colonial power, Filipinos were among the most educated subjects in all of Asia Philippine education is no longer the leader in Asia, and is slipping further behind most Asian countries as is shown by its failure to educate about one third of its elementary-aged population. Students may then sit for College Entrance Examinations like the SATs for eligibility into post-secondary Elementary is compulsory but recent studies show that 27.82% of Filipino elementary-aged children either never attend or never complete elementary schooling - finance, no school in area, cannot travel etc. Secondary is compulsory. Many secondary schools are overcrowded due to students starting in private school having to move to public because of financial distress Elementary is 7 years grades 1 – 7 then secondary for 4 years.

Secondary largely based on US system and hasn’t change much since the Philippines independence 1992, Congress enacted Republic Act 7323 to encourage education attendance, which provided that students aged 15 to 25 may be employed during summer or Christmas vacation with a salary not lower than the minimum wage. 60% of the wage is to be paid by the employer and 40% by the government. 2009, The Department of Education agreed to accept from United States Agency for International Development $86 million assistance toward Philippine education Everyday Life Text messaging is a popular form of communication and has fostered a culture of quick greetings and forwarded jokes among Filipinos. In 2007, the nation sent an average of one billion SMS (short message service) messages per day. Filipinos regularly listen to and watch American, Asian, and European music and film just as they enjoy Filipino Music and local films American impact has contributed to the ready acceptance and influence of American pop cultural trends.

This affinity is seen in Filipinos' love of fast food, film, and music Various sports and pastimes are popular in the Philippines including basketball, boxing, volleyball, football, badminton, taekwondo, billiards, ten-pin bowling, chess, Motocross, and cycling Basketball is played at both amateur and professional levels and is considered to be the most popular sport Card games are popular during festivities, The yo-yo, a popular toy in the Philippines it is common to hear Filipinos use a mixture English and Filipino words or phrases, known as "Taglish" Fashion Even in the remote mountain areas more and more people, especially the younger generation, westernized clothes are preferred. Traditional filippino dress are used for special occasions It is common for men to wear the Barong Tagalog on these occasions, a thin and transparent dress, most of the time white of colour with a shirt under it. FOOD Mixed cuisine inspirations of Hispanic, Chinese, American, and other Asian influences have been adapted to local ingredients Some common local ingredients used in cooking are calamondins (small orange like mandarins), coconuts, saba (a kind of short wide plantain), mangoes, milkfish, and fish sauce. Filipino taste buds tend to favor strong flavors but the cuisine is not as spicy as those of its neighbors Unlike many of their Asian counterparts, Filipinos do not eat with chopsticks; they use western cutlery. Possibly due to rice being the primary staple food and the popularity of a large number of stews and main dishes with broth, a spoon and fork are the utensils seen at the table, not a knife and fork. Trade introduced foods such as corn, tomatoes, potatoes, chili peppers, and pineapples from the Americas. Meals are often served family- style or are buffets where you serve yourself. Special Events because of te large Catholic population traditional festivities known as barrio fiestas (district festivals) to commemorate the feast days of patron saints are common. Filipinos are largest body of Asiatic peoples converted to Christianity Thus it is natural to expect that the Christian festivals of Easter and Christmas will have a special significance Sunday is a time of family relaxation, and is often celebrated with a special dinner of puchero The Philippine Debut is a cultural tradition of the Filipino people. It is a coming-of-age celebration for Philippine women. On their 18th birthday, Philippine women throw a large party, complete with her own hand-picked debut court of 18 people.

These 18 are 9 males and 9 females who the celebrant pairs off into partners. The celebrant's court usually wears a uniform formal outfit chosen by the celebrant similar to that of a wedding party, while the celebrant typically wears an extravagant ball gown.

There is also an "18 Roses Dance" where 18 males picked by the celebrant beforehand dance with her after presenting her with a single red rose. This dance is almost always preceded with the memorable "Father and Daughter Dance".

18 chosen "candles". These "candles" are females who know the celebrant and must give a short speech on either their relationship with the celebrant and/or any special birthday wishes they have for their celebrant

This is a huge tradition and like was mentioned earlier because of pride this will be a huge event no matter the financial situation or debt involved Philippine men receive their Debut, when they turn 21 years of age.
And is not as lavish Language Phonology and Grammar Syntax and Vocabulary Mayroong kapatid na babae si Rosa.
May kapatid na babae si Rosa.

Mayroong bagong damit si Tina.
May bagong damit si Tina.

Mayroong dalawang libro ang estudyante.
May dalawang libro ang estudyante.

Mayroong tao sa bahay.
May tao sa bahay.

Mayroong konsyerto sa plasa mamayang gabi.
May konsyerto sa plasa mamayang gabi.

Mayroon akong lihim.
May lihim ako.

Mayroon siyang trabaho.
May trabaho siya. Rosa has a sister.


Tina has a new dress.


The student has two books.


There's someone in the house.


There's going to be a concert at the plaza later tonight.

I have a secret.


He/She has a job Existential
sentences that express the existence of something or the state of having something
marked by the existential particle mayroon.
particle takes the linker suffix -(n)g when it precedes a noun/noun phrase.
it functions like how adjectives modify nouns and is usually shortened to may
phrase occupies the predicate position. Nasa bahay si Jose.
Nasa opisina si Susan.
Nasa Amerika ang presidente.
Nasa kotse ang tatay.
Nasa mesa ang pagkain.
Nasa dingding ang orasan.
Nasa ilalim ng upuan ang aso.
Nasa likod ni Jose ang TV.
Sa bahay ni Pina ang salu-salo.
Sa Batangas beach ang piknik. Jose is at home
Susan is at the office.
The president is in the US.
Father is in the car.
The food is on the table.
The clock is on the wall.
The dog is under the chair.
The television is behind Jose.
The party is at Pina's place.
The picnic is at Batangas beach. These are sentences with a prepositional phrase in the predicate position.
noted, the term preposition as used here is not the same as preposition in English.
In Tagalog, the main function of a preposition (usually sa or nasa) is to indicate location or direction.
Some refer to these words as location/direction markers. Predicate*

1. Doktor
(is a) doctor

2. Mabait
(is) kind

3. Sumulat
wrote Focus

si Pedro
Pedro

ang prinsipal
The principal

ako
I Complement(s)**

sa PG Hospital.
at PG Hospital

sa Science High School.
at Science High School

ng liham kay Maria.
a letter to Maria * Notice that Tagalog does not have an auxiliary or linking verb (such as to be in English) The most common Tagalog sentence structure contains the following elements: p / b
t / d
k / g
k / '
h / '
s / h
m / n
n /ng
n / l
d / r
l / r
w / y lapis
kutkot
titik
balik
hipon
sipag
masa
nayon
nayon
dilis
balat
wari' (pencil)
(scratch)
(letter)
(return)
(shrimp)
(diligence)
(masses)
(town)
(town)
(kind of fish)
(skin)
(seems) labis
kudkod
titig
bali'
'ipon
hipag
nasa
ngayon
layon
rilis
barat
yari' (too much)
(scrape)
(stare)
(broken)
(save)
(sister-in-law)
(desire)
(now)
(purpose)
(railroad)
(stingy)
(finish) Simple consonant changes The difference between an adjective that describes the focus, and a predicate that says something about the focus can be seen in the following example:




The focus does not necessarily have to be a noun. It can also be a nominalized verb, adjective, prepositional phrase, or a full clause. Ang mabait na prinsipal (translation: "the kind principal")
Mabait ang prinsipal. (translation: "The principal is kind.") 28 letter alphabet A a Ñ ñ B b Ng ng C c O o D d P p E e Q q F f R r G g S s H h T t I i U u J j V v K k W w L l X x M m Y y N n Z z TAGALOG has 16 consonant sounds, 5 vowel sounds, and 5 diphthongs. Syllable stress is used to distinguish between words that are otherwise similar.s, e.g. tayô (to stand) and táyo (us; we). Generally, words are spelled as they are pronounced The Tagalog vowels are i, e, a, o, and u.
Generally, these sounds maintain their pronunciation (or phonetic properties) regardless of the sounds around them. Tagalog nouns are not inflected
they are usually preceded by case-marking particles,
an extra word indicating inflection. In Tagalog singular and plural are represented by a word The two official languages of the Philippines is Filipino and English Filipino is the formal name for Tagalog,
Tagalog is the largest spoken language in the Philippines There are 171 languages spoken,

7 main languages,

and over a hundred varying dialects. The Tagalog has incorporated a significant number of Spanish words and expressions.

The language also includes words and phrases that are rooted in English and Chinese. Lets look at some common Good morning
Good evening
Good afternoon
Hello
Goodbye
Please
Thank You
You're Welcome
I love you Magandang Umaga
Magandang Gabi
Magandang Hapon
Mabuhay
Paalam
Paki
Salamat
Walang Anuman
Mahal Kita Zero
one
two
three
four
five
six
seven
eight
nine
ten 0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 wala
isa
dalawa
tatlo
apat
lima
anim
pito
walo
siyam
sampu sweet
sour
bitter
bland
salty
spicy matamis
maasim
mapakla
matabang
maalat
maanghang hot
cold
painful
wet
dry
moist
dizzy
nauseated
soft
hard
sticky mainit
malamig
masakit
basa
tuyo
mabasa basa
nahihilo
nasusuka
malambot
matigas
malagkit How does the Work ? ELL Challeges/Conflicts and Teacher Tips Because of lack of schooling among almost one third of the population students may begin in ELD class in elementary or secondary Because of their great sense of pride failure can bring them strong emotions of shame and lose of self esteem There are some sounds in the English language that are not in Filipino languages. The sounds that cause the most difficulty for Filipinos are the sounds of the English letters "F" and "V", and the letter combination "Th" ex. the fork (ang tenador) but what they say is "the pork" (ang karne ng baboy) In Tagalog, an "F" is pronounced the same as "P". This is because in Tagalog there is no sound like the letter "F" in English

In Tagalog, there is no sound like the English "V", so in Tagalog the "V" is pronounced as if it is a "B", but it is not the same in English. There is no sound in Tagalog like the English "Th" sound. In fact there are two different "Th" sounds in English. Filipinos tend to pronounce one of these sounds like the letter "S" or "T", and the other sound like "D" As teacher we need to understand what linguist call voiced and unvoiced pronunciation to teach them they difference in sound

Unvoiced is the rush of air across your teeth and lips as you form to say the letter, voiced is they same but with sound from your throat behind it. P is voiced, F unvoiced,

Tagalog has the P and B which are voiced,
V is B unvoiced

The two TH sounds are voiced and unvoiced –
such as teeth, bath or that Singular and plural must be emphasized because in in Filipino the rules for using the words for that represent these are not strict you may say "saging" (banana) for singular or plural instead of "ang saging" singular, "mga saging" plural.

If learning English later Filipinos tend to transfer Filipino grammer to English but “get the banana from the kitchen” does not mean get the bunch of bananas in English

They may need clarification on changing to words in a sentence “the man have banana” is different from “the man has bananas” and “the men have bananas” or “the men have banana” In the Philippines, some English words have taken on a different meaning than what they have in other countries. For this reason an American or Canadian may misunderstand what they are saying , or just get confused There are no gender specific words when referring to a man for women in Tagalog. “Sili” is used for both. In English there is he, his, him and she, her, hers and the importance of using each one properly must be focused on with Filipino students. Resources

http://www.seasite.niu.edu/Tagalog/Tagalog_mainpage.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tagalog_language#Phonology
http://www.seasite.niu.edu/Tagalog/Tagalog_Homepage99/useful_tagalog_phrases3.htm
http://www.everlastinglove.com/tagalog.htm
http://www.eskimo.com/~robertf/eng4fili/index.html
http://countrystudies.us/philippines/53.htm - Educaation - US Congress Library
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippines
World Health Organization. (April 2006). Philippines. Country Cooperation Strategy at a Glance. Retrieved 2009
http://www.deped.gov.ph/ - Philippine Department of Education
http://www.philippines.hvu.nl/culture6.htm
http://www.food-links.com/countries/philippines/special-occasions-philippines.php
http://www.canadaimmigrants.com/qualityoflife/communities/philippine.asp Thank you for joining me!
Salamat sa iyo para sa pagsali sa akin! Regions with significant populations
Toronto 171,980
Vancouver 78,890
Winnipeg 36,935
Calgary 25,565
Montreal 23,510
Edmonton 19,625 Filipinos usually tend to immigrate to large urban cities
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