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How do we See?

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Cara Foster

on 17 April 2013

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Transcript of How do we See?

? SEE how do we perceive Top Down Processing Richard Gregory (1970) Bottom Up Processing James Gibson (1966) Perception is direct. What you see is what you get.

Sensory information does not need to be interpreted, connected to previous knowledge or contexts. Perception is based on past experience and prior knowledge.

A lot of information reaches the eye, but much is lost by the time it reaches the brain (Gregory estimates about 90% is lost).

Sensory receptors receive information from the environment,
which is then combined with previously stored information
about the world which we have built up as a result of experience.

Since we are guessing at what we are seeing, our brains are
actively constructing reality. Representations and reminders
of stimulating experiences. We respond to the things
that we have both positive
and negative memories of:
Attractive people, food,
emotional events. People/Faces Nature Reminds of us of our
ancestral past. Curious Our primal search for
novelty could stem from
the survival instinct to
search for food and more
habitable environments. Our brains have a special affinity for faces and for finding representations of them. Composition Our brain responds favorably to simplicity in framed images with visual cues to guide our path through an image. Kertész, André American, 1894-1985 Stieglitz, Alfred American, 1864-1946 Evans, Walker - American, 1903 - 1975 Alfred Eisenstaedt - American, 1945 Eddie Adams - American, 1968 Shigeo Fukuda 1932-2009 Dorothea Lange - American 1895-1965 Robert Capa - Hungarian 1913-1954 Irving Penn - American, 1917 Brett Weston - American, 1911-1993 Ansel Adams - American, 1902-1984 Diane Arbus - American, 1923-1971 Richard Kalvar - American, 1944 Harry Callahan - American, 1912-99 Josef Sudek - Czechoslovakian, 1896-1976 Henri Cartier-Bresson French 1908 - 2004 Eugene Smith - American, 1918-78 Stieglitz, Alfred - American, 1864-1946 Richard Kalvar - American, 1944 Philippe Halsman - American, 1906-1979
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