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South Asia Persia Chart Part 1: India
Transcript of South Asia Persia Chart Part 1: India
Government Type - Federal republic, Constitutional republic, Parliamentary system
Leaders/Groups - The incumbent prime minister is Manmohan Singh
Physical Landforms - Thar Desert, Himalayas, India's geography is marked by intense contrast. Ganges, active volcano.
Movement Push/Pull - Population, Healthcare, Education
HEI - Building roads. Building houses. Cutting down trees. Learning how to survive with little water. Establishing a landfill. Building a dam or a bridge across a river.
Climate/Vegetation - Six major climatic subtypes; desert in the west, alpine tundra and glaciers in the north, humid tropical regions supporting rain forests in the southwest, and Indian Ocean island territories that flank the Indian subcontinent.
Resources - iron ore, bauxite, and copper ore.
GDP/GNP - Gross National Product in India increased to 99965.15 INR Billion in 2013 from 89328.92 INR Billion in 2012. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in India was worth 1841.70 billion US dollars in 2012
Industry - iron and Steel, Cotton Industries, sugar,jute, paper, cement, aluminum, engineering and automotive
Level of Development - Developing
Economic Activity - Mixed economy
Holy Books - Bhagavad-Gita, Ramayana, and Veda
Beliefs/Teachings - Hinduism
Deities - Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma
Mono/Polytheistic - Polytheistic
Art & Music - The music of India includes multiple varieties of folk music, pop, and Indian classical music. India's classical music tradition, including Hindustani music and Carnatic, has a history spanning millennia and developed over several eras. Music in India began as an integral part of socio-religious life. Indian art can be classified into specific periods each reflecting particular religious, political and cultural developments: Ancient period (3900 BCE-1200 CE), Colonial period (1757–1940), Independence and the postcolonial period (Post-1947)
Writing/Literature - Top writers of India are Amitav Ghosh, Vijay Tendulkar, Harivansh Rai Bachchan,Khushwant Singh, Ruskin Bond, Vikram Seth, R K Narayan, V S Naipaul, Premchand, Rabindranath Tagore,Salman Rushide, Arundhati Roy, U R Ananthamurthy and Shobhaa De.
Philosophy - The concept of natural law (Dharma) provided a basis for understanding questions of how life on earth should be lived. The sages urged humans to discern this order and to live their lives in accordance with it.
Math & Science - The decimal number system in use today was first recorded in Indian mathematics. Indian mathematicians made early contributions to the study of the concept of zero as a number, negative numbers, arithmetic, and algebra, trigonometry was further advanced in India, and, in particular, the modern definitions of sine and cosine were developed there] These mathematical concepts were transmitted to the Middle East, China, and Europe and led to further developments that now form the foundations of many areas of mathematics.
Education/Literacy Rate - Education in India is under the control of both the Union Government and the State Governments, with some responsibilities lying with the Union and the states having autonomy for others. Articles of the Indian Constitution provide for education as a fundamental right. Most of the universities in India are controlled by the Union or the State Governments. Male literacy 82.2% Female 65.5%
Architecture - Taj Mahal, Gateway of India, Cellular Jail i Charminar (the 'four towers' mosque) Bangalore Palace.
Technology - Computers, Call centers
Family - The Indian family has been a dominant institution in the life of the individual and in the life of the community For the Hindu family, extended family and kinship ties are of utmost importance. In India, families adhere to a patriarchal ideology, follow the patrilineal rule of descent, are patrilocal, have family value orientations, and endorse traditional gender role preferences. The Indian family is considered strong, stable, close, resilient, and enduring. Historically, the traditional, ideal and desired family in India is the joint family. A joint family includes kinsmen, and generally includes three to four living generations, including uncles, aunts, nieces, nephews, and grandparents living together in the same household.
Gender Relations - Their gender roles in India are based on religion and culture more than laws. Many feel that women are oppressed in India. Women often have a lower social status they. Many may feel that women are treated negatively, however, they are often revered in religious practices and have ceremonies dedicated to them. There are no laws to treat women fairly in the workplace.
Social Classes - India was famous for its caste system. India's caste system has four main classes (also called varnas) based originally on personality, profession, and birth.
Entertainment - Arts and entertainment in India have a rich and ancient history. Right from ancient times there has been a synthesis of indigenous and foreign influences that have shaped the course of the arts of India, and consequently, the rest of Asia. A In early India, most of the arts were derived Vedic influences. After the birth of contemporary Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism arts flourished under the patronage of kings and emperors. The coming of Islam spawned a whole new era of Indian architecture and art. Finally the British brought their own Gothic and Roman influences and fused it with the Indian style. They have a culture infusion in their art. They are famous for their “Bollywood””Kollywood” and “Tollywood” cinema
Lifestyles - India offers variety in social life. Diversities of ethnic, linguistic, regional, economic, religious, class, and caste groups crosscut Indian society, which is also permeated with immense urban-rural differences and gender distinctions.
8 May 2014
South Asia Persia Chart Part 1: India
Next PERSIA Chart of South Asia
Part 2: Bangladesh