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4.03 Cardiovascular Disease

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by

Shawntai James

on 14 October 2012

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Transcript of 4.03 Cardiovascular Disease

Heart Attack affects 1 million Americans every year. Heart Attack A heart attack occurs if the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a section of heart muscle suddenly becomes blocked. If blood flow isn't restored quickly, the section of heart muscle begins to die. Heart disease is considered 'multifactorial'; both genetic and environmental factors come into action. A family history of heart disease is a risk factor for heart disease and heart attack, and there have been some genes identified which predispose to heart disease. Risk factors for Heart Attacks:
Age.
Tobacco.
High blood pressure.
High blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels.
Family history of heart attack.
Lack of physical activity.
Obesity.
Stress.
Illegal drug use. Prevention tactics for Heart Attacks:
1. Don't smoke or use tobacco
2. Exercise for 30 minutes on most days of the week
3. Eat a heart-healthy diet
4. Maintain a healthy weight
5. Get regular health screenings
Heart Attack Treatment

CALL 911
1. Know the Symptoms

-Chest discomfort that may last more than a few minutes or go away and come back. It may feel like squeezing, fullness, pressure, or pain.

-Pain or discomfort in the upper body, including arm, left shoulder, back, neck, jaw, or below the breastbone.

-Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath (with or without chest pain).

-Indigestion, heartburn, nausea, or vomiting.

-Light-headedness, dizziness, or extreme weakness.

-Anxiety or rapid or irregular heartbeats.


2. Wait for Emergency
Do not drive to the hospital unless you have no other option. Ambulance personnel can start care as soon as they arrive.


3. Follow Up
At the hospital, an emergency department doctor will examine the person and run tests to see if chest pain stems from a heart attack or another cause. Tests may include an electrocardiogram (ECG), chest X-ray, and blood tests. I lived with my Grandmother for a great part of my life and I make sure she, with the rest of my family gets checkups for their heart condition. Sources for this Info:
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/heart-attack/DS00094/DSECTION=risk-factors
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/heart-disease-prevention/WO00041/NSECTIONGROUP=2http://firstaid.webmd.com/heart-attack-treatmenthttp://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/heartattack/
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