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History of Australia

Who made Australia what it is now

Nathan Trinh

on 6 July 2015

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Transcript of History of Australia

1780: What the punishment was for stealing
Stealing some bread, clothing and a dollar would mean almost nothing. Back in the 1780s in England that would lead you to being sentenced to Australia and even possible death (by hanging). Convicts had limited food and water to survive the long trip.

1810: Who the first Governor was in Australia
The first governor in Australia was Lachlan Macquarie. He arrived to NSW to reinforce the control and created the first proper Police Force. While bushrangers- most were convicts- became more hostile, the governor had built hospitals, schools and 'The Bank of NSW'. Engraved on Macquarie’s gravestone were the words ‘Father of Australia’.

1840's: The First Economic Depression
6, 664 people (half of these were convicts) were living on 673 squatting stations. Squatting stations were used to graze farm animals, at that time cattle and sheep were the most recently grazed. Between 1841 and 1846, the market in wool collapsed. Wool was a major export industry at that time.

Thank you!
1770: Captain Cook discovered Australia
When Pacific explorer, Captain Cook, discovered Australia on the twenty-ninth of April he ignored the fact that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders owned the land. He claimed the land 'unoccupied' as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders dwelled in an 'uncivilised' manner.

1990's: Mabo Decision
On June the third 1992 the decision was finally made to give Indigenous people ownership of their land. This was because of Edward Mabo's persistence to protect Aboriginal and Torres Strait islanders rights. Unfortunately, Eddie Mabo already passed away by that time.
History of Australia
Who made Australia what it is now
1880's: More About The Impact Of The Australian Gold Rush On The Chinese
In 1888 Chinese migration came to scavenge for gold in Australia. They were on board a ship called Afghan and were prevented from coming ashore at Sydney Harbour. People near Parliament House demanding the Premier to ‘stop the invasion’. When the NSW Supreme Court told Premier Parkes that the Chinese would be allowed to disembark, Parkes refuses which leads to Anti-Chinese legislation.

1850's: Gold Strikes In Australia
In 1851 gold was found in Bathurst in Australia and in Victoria soon after. This gold finding change Australian life with a new generation of emigrants heading towards Australia. This would power Australia for the next forty years from a place to dump convicts to a place where everyone wants to go to.

Before 1770: How Aboriginals Lived In Australia Before We Did
1910's: World War I Begins
At least 60,000 years ago Aboriginals inhabited Australia arriving by boat from south Asia. We do not know how long it took them to get there but people suggest that they travelled in watercrafts which probably crossed 100-600 kilometres. Aboriginals speared wild animals, caught fish in nets and collected berries to survive.

It all started in 1914 June, where Franz Ferdinand (an Archduke of Austria) was killed by a Serbian man. After many threats and orders, World War I broke out in the same year. Just hours later Australia announced that they would be on the British Empire's side. In 1918 November, World War I ended with around 60,000 dead and 150,000 wounded.
1940's: World War II
Two years before World War II started, Adolf Hitler (a German politician) had just defeated and taken over Poland. France and Britian- as allies of Poland- announced war on Germany. Hitler became friends with Italy and Japan and together were called the Axis Powers. On June 1941 France were overwhelmed by the power Germany, and like Poland, fell. By this time most of Europe was already conquered by the Axis Powers. In 1945 Italy and Germany were both forced to surrender after getting overpowered by Britian. Japan was also forced to after atom bombs were used by America.
1970's: Gough Whitlam
For the first time in twenty-three years, the Labor Party takes control in 1972. Gough Whitlam became Prime Minister of Australia, but three years after, he got dismissed by Governor-General, John Kerr. Malcolm Fraser replaced Gough Witlam as Prime Minister. Gough Whitlam was sacked because he was getting Australia in debt from spending too much.
2000: Sydney held the Olympics.
In 2000 Sydney was chosen to host the 2000 Olympics. At that time, this was the second time an Australian city would host the Olympics (with Melbourne hosting it in 1956). The impact of the Sydney Olympics meant that a new park was constructed. This park included facilities like an aquatic centre, sporting fields (for instance ANZ Stadium and Allphones Arena) and indoor sport halls.
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