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Transcript of Rastafari
the Rastafarian movement Haile Selassie I (7/23/1892 - 8/27/1975) Leonard Howell (6/16/1898 - 2/28/1981) Bob Marley (2/6/1945 - 5/11/1981) Peter Tosh (10/19/1944 - 9/11/1987) Work cited page: (4/10/1945 - present) Marcus Garvey (8/17/1887 - 6/10/1940) Haile Selassie I was born to the name of Lij Tafari Makonnen. He was made emperor of Ethiopia in 1930. Rastafarian's regard him as God/Jah reincarnated. Haile Selassie I was not a Rasta, and did not see himself as God. The idea that he was god was largely credited to Marcus Garvey, for his many speeches and Prophesies. "Garvey is regarded as a second John the Baptist and famously prophesied in 1927, 'Look to Africa, for there a king shall be crowned.'" According to www.religionfacts.com Bunny Wailer The wailing wailers (Original Members: Bob Marley, Peter Tosh, and Bunny Wailer.) Peter Tosh (Winston Hubert McIntosh), continued to "recruit soldiers" in his solo career. His lyrics are strong and controversial.
According to The Jamacia Gleaner "Tosh was the most controversial of the trio. He ruffled many a feather with his unapologetic stance on issues including black liberation and the legalisation of marijuana." Marcus Garvey was an early civil rights activist. He wanted all of the African's dispersed throughout the world to return to Africa, to have a country of their own. He published a newspaper called Negro World, that shared his views.
Because of his work, he received global recognition. In Jamaica he is known as the first national hero, in Ghana they have their shipping line, and soccer team named after the Black Star, and in the U.S. his bust can be seen at the Organization of American States' Hall of Hero's. "The Black skin is not a bandage of shame,
but rather a glorious symbol of national greatness."
-Marcus Garvey- Leonard (Percival) Howell is known as the first Rasta. He was a avid preacher of Rastafarian lifestyle. He even founded the first Rastafari camp, the Pinnacle. Howell was one of the earliest leaders of the movement. He wrote a book called The Promise Key. In the book he taught six fundamental Rastafarian principles:
"(1) hatred for the white race; (2) the complete superiority of the Black race; (3) revenge on Whites for their wickedness; (4) the negation, persecution, and humiliation of the government and legal bodies of Jamaica; (5) preparation to go back to Africa; and (6) acknowledging Emperor Haile Selassie as the Supreme Being and only ruler of the Black people."
Over the years the movement has evolved to be more accepting. It has strayed from hate and became a thing of peace and love. The Wailers werer formed in 1963. The original members included Bob Marley, Peter Tosh, and Bunny Wailer. The trio perfected their musical talents under the supervision of Rastafarian Joe Higgs.
The Wailers helped to globalize the Rastafarian movement, through the use of their music and lyrics. The Wailers whether solo or together have had an enormous influence on past, present, and future Rastafarians. Bob Marley (Robert Nesta Marley) is the most famous of the Wailing Wailers. He has become the face of Rastafarian pride. With songs lyrics about poverty, civil rights, oppression, and slavery, it's no wonder that he became a world renowned artist. "My music will go on forever."
-Bob Marley- Bunny Weiler (Neville O'Riley LIvingston) a.k.a Jah B., step-brother to Bob Marley, influenced Bob into learning to play the guitar. Without Bunny swaying Bob towards music, the Wailing Wailers would have never been formed. Without the trio coming together for the love of music and the Rastafarian way of life the Rastafarian Movement would not have gone global as fast as it did, or to the same extent.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/rastafari/beliefs/haileselassie.shtml "Haile Sellassie and Africa." 2013. The BBC website. Apr 1 14:26 "Rastafari." 2013. Religion Facts website. Apr 1 2013, 14:02 http://www.religionfacts.com/a-z-religion-index/rastafarianism.htm "Bob Marley." 2013. The Biography Channel website. Apr 1 2013, 13:31 http://www.biography.com/people/bob-marley-9399524 "Marcus Garvey." 2013. The Biography Channel website. Apr 1 2013, 12:13 http://www.biography.com/people/marcus-garvey-9307319 http://jamaica-gleaner.com/gleaner/20101019/ent/ent2.html "Happy Birthday, Peter Tosh." 2010. Jamaica Gleaner News website. Apr 3 2013, 9:58 http://www.mtv.com/artists/bunny-wailer/biography/ "About Bunny Wailer." 2012. MTV website. Apr 3 2013, 10:43 http://www.biography.com/people/peter-tosh-20903669 "Peter Tosh." 2013. The Biography Channel website. Apr 3 2013, 11:32 http://quotationsbook.com/quotes/author/photos/6583/#sthash.rq2LXEwr.dpbs http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcus_Garvey http://lphfoundation.org/leonard-howell-being-tried-for-sedition-in-saint-thomas/ "Rastafarians believe that King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba had sex during the visit, which led to the conception of a child who was in the same line of descendents as Haile Selassie I."
-BBC website- Another reason Rastafarians believe Haile Selassie I is of a higher power, is due to his lineage. It is said that he can trace his family tree back to King Solomon.