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Saalik Masood

on 5 December 2012

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Transcript of Diabetes

Signs and Symptoms Causes Who Does It Affect? High blood sugar levels can cause several symptoms, including:
Blurry vision
Excess thirst
Urinating often
Weight loss What Is Diabetes? Diabetes is a condition where people don't produce enough insulin to meet their body's needs or their cells don't respond properly to insulin. There are 3 major types of Diabetes.

Type 1
Auto-immune disease where the body's immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas
The body makes little or no insulin
Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are Type 1.

Type 2
The body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin
Approximately 90% of all diabetes cases are Type 2

Gestational Diabetes
A temporary condition that occurs during pregnancy
Approximately 4% of women develop Gestational Diabetes
The condition clears up after delivery, but women who have had gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life Did You Know? Only about two-thirds of people with type
2 diabetes are aware of it, because for many
people, early symptoms are not noticeable
without testing. A urine analysis may show high blood sugar.
Blood tests:
Fasting blood glucose level- Fast for 8 hours and then a blood sample is taken

Oral glucose tolerance test- Fast for 8 hours, you drink a solution containing a certain amount of glucose and your blood will be taken every 30 to 60 minutes after Prevention Keeping an ideal body weight and an active lifestyle may prevent type 2 diabetes.
There is no way yet to prevent type 1 diabetes. Did You Know? That your chances of dying from
diabetes are almost 5 times higher than
dying in a car crash because Diabetes
raises the risk of death from all other internal causes. Type 1 diabetes
an autoimmune disorder
It's believed that a combination of genetic predisposition and additional (unidentified) factors provoke the immune system into attacking and killing the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas
Type 2 diabetes
mainly caused by insulin resistance
This means no matter how much or how little insulin is made, the body can't use it as well as it should
Resulting in glucose not being moved from the blood into cells.
Over time, excess sugar gradually poisons the pancreas causing it to make less insulin and making it even more difficult to keep blood glucose under control.
Obesity is a leading cause of insulin resistance - 90% of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight
Family history of the disease has been shown to increase the chances of getting it. Anybody in the world can get diabetes. People usually develop type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, often in early adulthood or teenage years.Overweight and obese people have a much higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to those with a healthy body weight. People with a lot of visceral fat, also known as central obesity, belly fat, or abdominal obesity, are especially at risk. Being overweight causes the body to release chemicals that can destabilize the body's cardiovascular and metabolic systems. Is It Transferable? It cannot be caught like a virus or bacteria. When mothers with diabetes have obese children, the children often inherit the same DNA characteristic and develop diabetes. Children who have two parents with diabetes also appear to inherit the characteristic. This tendency to inherit has only been established with Type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes develops after age 40 in people who have certain risk factors, including obesity, a carbohydrate-rich diet and don't involve in any physical activity No genetic triggers have been identified. Many people in today’s world are affected with diabetes and as a result they need treatment in order to keep themselves healthy and strong. Some treatments to diabetes is a healthy diet. A person who is diagnosed with diabetes should maintain a healthy diet, one that consists of low sugar but is high in fiber is keen because this prevents high sugar levels inside the blood and the fiber creates faster and smoother excretion so not much sugar is retained from the meal that was just eaten. If a person has a healthy diet not many complications will arise in their condition and a healthy diet will help maintain it at a type one. When a person has type one diabetes they should constantly check their insulin levels to make sure that their blood sugar level is low. When a person has Type 2 diabetes there are many types of drugs which help lower the sugar levels inside a persons body. One drug that is used Sulfonylureas and this drug is used to stimulate the pancreas to make more insulin. Another drug used is Biguanides and this drug consists of agents which help decrease the amount of glucose the liver produces so not much sugar is created in the body. The most effective type of treatment for a person with diabetes is to take care of them selves because if the person is obese then they must lower their weight levels through constant exercise and a healthy diet and be self aware of what they eat. Treatment Methodologies Diabetes is a type of disease that affects many different systems in the body. Since diabetes is a disease which causes high blood pressure this greatly affects the circulatory system because due to the high blood pressure and high cholesterol in the heart the risk of a heart attack is more likely. This risk is more likely because due to the amount of blood pressure in the heart the arties cannot carry oxygenated blood to the heart resulting in heart attack. Another body systems affected by diabetes is the respiratory system. A person diagnosed with diabetes might have trouble breathing. Diabetes affects a persons breathing because a person with diabetes has to work harder because of the amount of sugar in their body this results in faster cellular respirations thus causing the brain to signal the lungs that the body needs more CO2 thus causing you to inhale more and cause breathing to be harder. The last system affected with diabetes is the digestive system. This system is highly affected because diabetes is caused from the pancreas that is located in the digestive system. The pancreas’s job is to create insulin but a person with diabetes has a high sugar level because the pancreas is creating to much insulin meaning that fatty foods are being absorbed faster and thus the sugar from them are creating a major level of insulin which causes diabetes in a patient. So How Does This Affect our Body Systems? Bibliography "Diabetes - PubMed Health." National Center for Biotechnology Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhea"Canadian Diabetes Association | Home." Canadian Diabetes Association | Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2012. <http://www.diabetes.ca/>.Stoppler , Melissa . "Diabetes Mellitus." Diabetes Mellitus. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2012. <www.medicinenet.com/diabetes_mellitus/
"Diabetes - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis - Bladder (Overactive) - Body & Health." Site Map - Body & Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/channel_condition_info_details.asp?disease_id=244&channel_id=2046&relation_id=
"What is Diabetes? What Causes Diabetes?." Medical News Today: Health News. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/diabetes/#.UL6TwoOeGCk
"Diabetes: Worldwide Epidemic ." Hope4Diabetes. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://www.hope4diabetes.info/general-information/diabetes-a-worldwide-epidemic.html>. NOW YOU KNOW! NOW YOU KNOW!
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