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World Geography MEXICO Chapter 3
Transcript of World Geography MEXICO Chapter 3
Ms. DelCastillo/Geography/Ch. 3
Mexico Chapter Atlas 3.1
I. Geographic Regions:
A. Mexican Plateau
1. Most of the central part of Mexico
2. Mexico City's location
3. Earthquakes strike this area
B. Sierra Madre Occidental-West of Mexican Plateau
C. Sierra Madre Oriental-East of the Mexican Plateau
D. Pacific Coastal Lowlands
E. Gulf Coastal Plain
F. Sierra Madre del Sur
G. Baja California
History of Mexico 3.2
Mexico Today 3.3
Label the following place on the outline map in your journal:
Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexican Plateau, Yukatan Peninsula, Rio Grande
A. Diverse climate areas due to
1.large size of country
2.differences in elevation
B. Dry areas
1. Baja California
2. Northern Mexico
C. Rain and wind
1. More in southern Mexico
2. Thick rain forests grow in the Yukatan and
D. Climate variances due to altitude
1. The higher the altitude the cooler the temp.
2. Tops of mountains are covered with snow.
Page 200-Climate Map #1 and #2
A. Silver-More than any other country
B.Copper, iron, gold, zinc, lead
C. Petroleum-One of top producing countries
E. Hydroelectric power (p.202)
1. Only 1/5 of land can be farmed
2. Corn, wheat, beans, sugarcane, many
fruits and vegetables, coffee.
IV. Environmental Impact
P. 202- #1 & #2
A. Population Growth
B. 75% of population live in cities.
C. Mexico City-one of the largest cities
D. Mexico/US border cities -overcrowded
E. Pollution-major problem in Northern
Mexico and Mexico City
F. Rapid population growth has affected:
the land and deforestation
Quiz: 3.1 Use your book and outline to complete.
1. What are some of Mexico's natural resources?
2. What is Mexico's main region?
3. What are 2 reasons that Mexico has many different climate areas?
4. How has rapid population growth affected northern Mexico?
5. How are altitude and temperature related?
V. Early Mexico
A. Olmec civilization
1. Near Tabasco and Veracruz
2. Used hieroglyphics
3. Developed a calendar
4. Traded with nearby peoples
B. Maya civilization
1. Southern Mexico
2. Built pyramids
3. Excelled in astronomy
4. Thousands of Maya still live
C. Aztec civilization
1. Settled in what is today Mexico City
2. Capital city-Tenochtitlan
3. Skilled farmers and engineers/aqueducts
4. Strong army
VI. Spanish Rule to Independence
A. Arrival of Cortes
1. Was looking for silver and gold
2. Cortes landed in Mexico
3. Aztecs outnumbered Spanish, but
4. Destroyed Tenochtitlan and built
B. Culture Change
1. Spanish and descendants held highest
place in society.
2. Natives had few rights
3. Spanish built Catholic churches
4. Church officials were the leaders
C. Enightenment-movement that questioned
the rule of kings and proposed that people
had basic rights.
D. Separating from Spain
1. Napolean Bonaparte(French Emperor)
2.He invaded Spain and his brother took control of Mexico.
3. Revolt led to Mexico winning independence
A. New government stuggled
B. Mid 1800s Benito Juarez /leader
1. Promised changes for poor
2. Promised to break up large
estates from wealthy to give
farm land to poor.
3. Some Mexicans resented changes
4. France tried to help by defeating
Juarez and replacing him with
5. Juarez supporters fought on.
6. Maximilian was overthrown and
Juarez was not able to reform Mexico.
C. Mexico under Diaz (1870-1911)
1. Tried to build many of Juarez' reforms
2. Invited foregn companies to build
railroads and other projects.
3. Still, most people lived in poverty.
D. Constitution of 1917
1. In 1917, fighting stopped (Mexican Revolution)
2. New constitution declared
a. Government responsible for
improving Mexicans' lives
3. Venustiano Carranza became
president but was ineffective.
VIII. Governing Mexico
A. It is a federal republic.
B. Mexico has 31 states and a federal district.
C. Structure of Government
1. Divided into 3 branches-legislative,
executive, and judicial.
2. System of checks and balances
D. Political Parties
1. Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI)
2. President Ernesto Zedillo created
some reforms resulting in the 2000
presidential election being more fair.
3. National Action Party (PAN)- The party
of new President Vicente Fox.
E. Citizen's Rights
1. Voting age 18 years and over
2. Required that all citizens vote, but not
IX. People and Culture
A. 110 million people
B. Blended cultures; 3/5 of Mexicans have mixed
Spanish and Native American ancestry.
C. 1/3 is Native American
D. Mexican art reflects its many cultures.
E. Religion: 3/4 are Roman Catholic
F. Education has improved. 91% of people over 15
G. Education lags in many rural areas.
X. Mexico's Economy
A. Free market ideas/competititon
B. NAFTA: USA, Canada, and Mexico
signed to take away rules that blocked
trade between each other.
C. Trade has led to a growing Mexican
D. Mexico's workers
1. 4/6 work in service industries.
2. Tourism is important
3. 1/4 of Mexican workers work in
4. 4% work on farms
5. Some can't find work in Mexico so
they come to the US to work and
send money back home remittances
A. Oil and oil products help finance the
B. Mexico belongs to World Trade Organization
C. Providing jobs
The Mexican Flag
Page 204-Population Map. Complete 1,2,3
1. Name 3 of Mexico's ancient civilizations.
2. What did Cortes do to the Aztecs?
3. What changes did the Constitution of
1917 promise to Mexico's people?
4. What caused the Mexican Revolution in 1910?
1. How are Mexico's and US's governments
2. What are Mexico's 2 political parties?
3. How did government in Mexico change in
the 2000 election?
4. What share of Mexico's population can
read and write?
5. Why do some workers leave Mexico for the
Source: Pearson My World Geogrpahy, 2011 ed.
Mexican Holiday: El Dia de los Muertos