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The Byzantine Culture WHI.7 a-e
Transcript of The Byzantine Culture WHI.7 a-e
Diocletian divided the Roman empire into two parts in 324 C.E when it became to large to govern. Years later Emperor Constantine move the capital of Rome to Byzantine and renamed it Constantinople.
The city of Constantinople played an important role in the Byzantine Empire
It was the
capital of the Byzantine Empire
until Ottoman conquest
It help preserved classical
- like public baths
- the things you learn about Roman Culture
Center of trade
Constantinople the capital of the Byzantine Empire was stronger than the Western Roman empire for the following reasons
• It provided Protection for the eastern frontier (the Bridge to Asia)
• It was Distance from Germanic invasions in the western empire
• It was Crossroads of trade
• Easily fortified site on a peninsula bordered by natural harbors
Contributions of Emperor Justinian
About 200 years after the rule of Emperor Constantine there was the begining of the rule of Emperor Justinian.
The rule of Emperor Justinian was marked by three major accomplishment
expansion of Byzantine
Code of Laws
Great Economy and Trade
Expansion of the Byzantine Empire
Under the rule of Justinian the Byzantine Empire prospered.
He Restored or regain old Roman Territory
Paid Persian kings to stop attacking the eastern empire
He then sent his armies to regain control of Africa, Italy and the southern tip of Spain
Emperor Justinian's greatest contribution to the Byzatine Empire was the reforming or rewriting of Roman law.
The laws at first were too confusing and long
He along with Byzantine scholars organized the laws into one easy to read body of law called the Corpus Juris
Laws became the
fondation for European
law for over a thousand year after.
The Byzantine empire became very rich under Emperor Justinian
Gave the government great control over the economy
Expanded trade with China and the northern parts of Europe
Byzantine Art and Architecture
The Greek Orthodox Christianity church and
the money from Byzantine emperors allowed the Byzantine Empire to develop a unique
style of art and of architecture.
Byzantine achievements in art and
• Inspiration(where they got the Idea) provided by Christian religion and imperial power
• Icons (religious images)
• Mosaics in public and religious structures
• Hagia Sophia (a Byzantine domed church)
Greek and Roman traditions were
preserved in the Byzantine Empire.
• Continued flourishing of Greco-Roman traditions
• Greek language (as contrasted with Latin in the West) • Greek Orthodox Christianity
• Greek and Roman knowledge preserved in Byzantine libraries
The Great Schism
The cultural and political differences
between the Eastern and Western
Roman Empires weakened the unity of
the Christian Church and led to its
• Centered in Constantinople
• Close to seat of power for the Byzantine Empire after Constantinople became capital
• Use of Greek language in the liturgy (Church service)
• Centered in Rome
• Farther from seat of power after Constantinople became capital
• Use of Latin language in the liturgy
Division between Western and
• Authority of the Pope eventually accepted in the West
• Authority of the Patriarch accepted in the East
• Practices such as celibacy eventually accepted in the West
Byzantine civilization influenced Russian and Eastern European civilizations through its religion,
culture, and trade.
Influence of Byzantine culture on
Eastern Europe and Russia
Trade routes between Black Sea and Baltic Sea
- Vikings established trade routes while trading with slavs
Kiev becomes important city
Adoption of Orthodox Christianity by Russia and much of Eastern Europe
- Princess Olga of Kiev converts to Orthodox Christianity
- Her grandson Vladimir coverts and spreads the religion to much of russia
Adoption of Greek alphabet for the Slavic languages by St. Cyril (Cyrillic alphabet)
-Brought to Kiev to by two Brothers: Cyril and Methodius
- Used to translate the bible into the Slavic language
Church architecture and religious art
Churches with Onion Shape domes