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Danielle Montano

on 1 February 2014

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Overview of EWM
Benefits of EWM
SAP Jobs and Roles involved
Changes to Current Process
Define new key terms
Processes in EWM
Internal Warehouse
RF Devices
Used to perform warehouse tasks anywhere on the floor instead of at computer terminals
Provide barcode scanning functionality
Increases tasks completion efficiency and accuracy
3 Main Topics
1. EWM Overview
2. Processes in EWM
3. RF Devices

Danielle and Nathan
Benefits of SAP/EWM at GM
Supports large volumes of data for increased performance and flexibility
Supports Lean Warehousing
Provides Organizational Accountability
Allows for global standardization of process and reporting
Provides improved data integration between modules
Enterprise Core Component
Central Component
Master Data Management
Inbound/Outbound Delivery Creation
Service Parts Planning
Demand History
Customer Relationship Management
Sales Order Creation
Customer Returns
SAP System Integration
EWM Warehouse Structure
Divided hierarchically and consists of different elements
Allows for flexibility and provides the baseline for warehouse process
The warehouse number in EWM is linked to the plant number in ECC helping to keep the two systems synchronized
Warehouse Number
Physical complex; normally one per physical complex or city. Consolidating warehouse numbers improves visibility while splitting allows for flexibility.
Storage Type
Portions of a warehouse related by technical or organizational characteristics. Section of the warehouse that contains similar product handling characteristics.
Storage Section
All storage bins with specific common attributes belong to one storage section. May have storage sections for velocity, levels or significant physical bin differences.
Storage Bin
Lowest unit of the warehouse map that typically matches a physical location or location compartment. The coordinates of the storage bin tell you the exact position in the warehouse where you can store products
Activity Area
Logical grouping of storage bins. It can refer to a storage bin, or can be a grouping of bins from one or several storage types. Activity areas are created to assist the warehouse to group a number of tasks to be performed together within a physical warehouse area.

Warehouse Structure Key Terms
Warehouse Master Data Overview
Key Master Data Elements in EWM
Business Partners
Warehouse product Master
Created from master data ECC
Extended to each ware house for the creation of a Warehouse Product
Contains Data Specific to that warehouse
Additional Master Data elements in EWM
Quality Inspection rules
Hazardous materials Data
Consolidation groups for out bound processing
Core information set up in the warehouse management system that supports warehouse operations
Master Data Key Terms
Packaging Specification
A document containing information on how to package a material for storage or shipping. Contains material quantities, combination of materials, and work steps
Packaging Specification Group
An attribute of packaging specification that identifies the core structures of the packaging specification.
Warehouse Product
Warehouse-number-dependent view of product master of data. It comprises all the properties of a product that relate to its storage in a warehouse
SAP Jobs and Roles
SAP Business Role
Who is responsible for tasks within a business process
Who has access to perform those tasks
Who needs what training
Tasks are grouped into SAP business roles
GM Job
Roles make up a GM job
A GM job can contain more than one Business role
SAP technical role may be in more than one GM job
Monitoring Processes in EWM
GM uses three types of reports to monitor warehouse objects and processes
EWM uses the Warehouse Management Monitor for monitoring inbound, outbound, inventory and internal warehouse objects and processes. It's a real-time reporting transaction

GM has developed custom reports inside of EWM to provide additional real-time visibility into warehouse operations
Business Intelligence
Additional reporting tool to support monitoring warehouse processes. Data is refreshed by a batch job and thus the reports may be less up to date.
GM Inbound Includes:
Receiving Planning
Quality Inspection
Customer Returns
Receiving Planning
Unloading products from trailer
Visual inspection of products
Post Goods Receipt
Creation of required tasks
Manages the movement of a delivery from the vehicle to the correct staging area inside the warehouse
Begins with the transmittal of an inbound delivery from EEW to EWM
Ends with the trailer in position at the warehouse ready for unloading
Packages a raw handling units into a salable condition
When complete, products are put into the final storage bin
Movement of inbound delivery to its final storage bin in warehouse
Directed to transfer staging bin to move to other buildings
Putaway directly to final putaway bin from staging area
Directed to unitzation prior to final putaway
Driected to quality inspection prior to putawy
Quality Inspection
EWM manages the inspection process through the use of Quality Inspection Engine (QIE)
Customer Returns
Process of receiving returns from customers
Wave Planning
Outbound Delivery Order Processing
Sortation and Ship Staging
Shipping and Post Goods Issue
Wave Planning
Allocating outbound deliveries
Creating required picking and replenishment tasks
Generates pick and ship labels
Optimized picking efficiency
Outbound Delivery Order Processing
Process of fulfilling an outbound order through picking
Picking: instruction of point from where product should be picked, with it's quantity, and destination location

Act of consolidating picking HUs into a larger shipping handling unit
When completed, container is moved to ship staging for loading
Ship Staging
Loading areas in front of the warehouse door- handling units are staged here for loading
Staging areas are specific according to route and/or warehouse type
Two Types of Processes:
Pick ship
Pick Sort

Pick Ship
product is sent directly to ship staging after picking
Pick Sort
product is sent to ship staging following completion of sotation process
Picking and movement of products to ship staging areas
Transportation Unit (TU) is created with appropriate ship handling units assigned
Loading worksheet and container packing lists are printed
Ship handling units are checked off and loaded to the transportation unit
Post Goods Issue
Product has been removed from the facility resulting in a decrease in inventory quantity and value
4 Types of Internal Warehouse Movement
Ad Hoc Movements
Posting Change
Ad Hoc Movements
Unplanned movements of products within warehouse due to the creation and execution of warehouse tasks
Can be moved by product and handling unit
Process of transferring stock from a reserve storage bin to a forwarded pick bin
Used if stock is falling below the minimum quantity
Planned Replenishment:

scheduled using GUI transaction
Automatic Replenishment:
triggered from a task confirmation when a bin falls below its set minimum quantity
Reorganizing stock between fast and slow moving areas in the warehouse to improve the following:
Utilization of space
Accessibility of stock
Order fulfillment time
Greater Warehouse efficiency
Posting Changes
Change in the stock type of a specific product in the storage bin
May require internal movement from one bin to another within the same warehouse

For example, when product is moved for Quality Inspection
5 Key Processes
Inventory Management
Posting Changes:
Manage Stock Availability/status (Unrestricted, Blocked, etc.)
Annual Physical Inventory/Cycle Counting:
Improves Inventory Accuracy
Removal of non-compliant product from inventory
Stocking Comparison:
Evaluates and corrects inventory differences between EWM and ECC
Return to Vendor:
Returns unwanted stock to vendor (Damaged, Incorrect Product)
Two Types:
Handheld and Vehicle Mounted
Used in the following EWM processes:
Bin to Bin movements
Inventory Counting
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