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The Rise of Hitler and Nazi Germany

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Fran Jones

on 15 January 2014

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Transcript of The Rise of Hitler and Nazi Germany

After the War
German Economy
The Nazi Party
Rise of the Nazi Party
Became the
turning point
in the history of the Third Reich,
marking the shift from anti-semitic rhetoric and legislation
to the
violent, aggressive anti-Jewish measures that would build up to the Holocaust.
In 1923,
Hitler was sure that the Weimar Republic (the current government) would collapse
At this point,
Hitler attempted to take over Munich
During the march, the police easily broke up the marchers by firing at them
Hitler tried to escape,
but was caught,
put on trial,
found guilty of treason, but only
received a 5 year sentence
and ended up
only serving 9 months
Started as the
German Workers Party
When Hitler joined in 1919, it had only 52 members
Once he became the
leader in 1921, Hitler changed the name to National Socialist Party, or Nazi
During the war, the Kaiser
borrowed money instead of raising taxes to pay for the war.

This resulted in
Germany being heavily in debt
by the end of the war.
By the time
was required to make reparations payments, they
(failed to repay)
so many times that French and Belgian troops occupied the River Ruhr.
The effects of WWI on Germany
WWI starts in 1914
The British navy blockaded German ports,

German industry of raw materials and the
people of food.
Ended in 1918 with the Armistice signed on November 11.
The Rise of Hitler and Nazi Germany
Britain and France wanted to
punish Germany for the war.
These punishments included:
Loss of land
(some of which had important natural resources on it)
Limited military
Only 100,000 soldiers allowed in the army
Only 15,000 sailors in the Navy
No more than 6 battleships and no submarines
The airforce was disbanded
Because of this,
many Germans became unemployed.
The Treaty of Versailles
After the election in 1932, Hitler demanded to become Chancellor
(the leader of the German government) since the Nazi party was the largest in the Reichstag (Parliament building)
In 1933,
the Reichstag was set on fire
Dutch communist was arrested and imprisioned
exploited (used) the disaster to enact "emergency" powers,
giving his "brownshirts"
and protection squad
(SS) authority to arrest thousands of Communists and other enemies of the Nazis
These "enemies" could be imprisoned indefinitely without trial
The Nazis
banned newspapers, leaflets,
opposing parties
the amount of
antisemitic propaganda
Hitler as Fuhrer (Leader)
The Kaiser (Emperor) of Germany abdicated (left) his throne
and fled the country when it was sure Germany would lose in the war.
Power was then handed to the leader of the moderate left-wing Social Democratic Party, Friedrich Ebert.
The lack of a strong ruler put Germany into chaos.
Multiple groups
started competing for the control of Germany, including:
Those who wanted
Those who wanted
Those who wanted
military rule
All the political parties blamed each other for losing the war.
There were revolutionaries (people who believed in a change of government through force) all throughout Germany of all different political parties.
Because of this,
peace in Germany was unsure.
Germany must take the blame for the war
The military leaders could be put on trial
Germany had to pay reparations (compensation) mostly to Belgium and France
The total amount was about to
£6.b billion
Important Note:
Germany wasn't part of the negotiations;
they were told the terms of the treaty.
Adolf Hitler
Born in 1889 in Austria
joined the German army
because the
Austrian army declared him unfit

Injured in 1918 and spent the remainder of the war in a hospital
Hitler created a group within the party--the Sturm Abteilung
(SA), or "Brownshirts"
The purpose of the SA was to
protect Hitler and the Nazi Party meetings
The purpose gradually shifted to not only protecting the party, but
disrupting the meetings of rival political parties.
After being released,
Hitler decided to gain power democratically
Over the years, the
percentage of votes
for members of the
Nazi party increased.
why the Nazi Party
gained support
provided soup kitchens and beds
for the
poor and unemployed
Re-arm Germany
(rebuild the military)
Reduce unemployment
Provide a strong government
Stop the reparations for WWI
Although the elections in March 1933 increased the percentage of the Nazi vote to 43, the
Nazi party still didn't have the majority
to form a new government.
Hitler proposed a new law (
the Enabling Law
) that would give him
control of Parliament and the country
The law was passed 444 votes to 94
The Reichstag voted itself out of existence
Nazi Book Burning
May 10, 1933
Decided necessary to
purge books that were un-German in spirit
Included many
German-Jewish authors
Communist authors
"corrupting" foreign authors
Occurred throughout Germany in 34 university towns
Purpose to
"purify" Germany
promote "Aryan" culture

Night of the Broken Glass
Crystal Night
series of riots
across Germany, Austria, and the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia
Seen by Nazi officials as
a "justified" reaction
to the
assassination of German foreign official
Ernst vom Rath
by an unhappy Polish Jew
whose family was deported from Germany
Over 2 days,
violent mobs destroyed hundreds of synagogues
burning or desecrating Jewish religious artifacts
along the way.
Acting on orders from Gestapo headquarters,
police officers and firefighters did nothing to prevent the destruction.
Anti-Jewish Laws
Full transcript