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The World Is Flat

The Ten Forces

Farah Abdullah

on 19 April 2010

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Transcript of The World Is Flat

The Ten Forces That Flattened The World Fall of The Berlin Wall Occured on November 9, 1989
Brought end to Cold War
Allowed people from the other side of the wall join the economic mainstream
First version of Windows - 1985
"breakthrough" version (user-friendly): Windows 3.0
6 months AFTER Berlin wall colapsed (May 1990) IBM launched PC's launched in 1985
Telephone wires were discovered to be used as "dial-up modems" where emails could be sent through private Internet service providers (CompuServe, America Online)
ALL 3 worked together into ONE system:
1) Buy an IBM PC
2) Install the Windows program (containing word processing, and spreadsheets
3) Connect to the Internet via dial-up modems for communication uses Netscape Digitization: when music, words, data and pictures are turned into bits/bytes that can be processed on other computers transmitted through satellite or fiber optic lines
files can be sent through the internet in original form Without digitization, you can not:
1) Use Google
2) Use Barnes & Noble or Amazon for browsing books
3) Download or buy music online
4) Use eBay
Work Flow Software XML: A new data description language
SOAP: XML's related transport protocol
= Programming which enables the web to allow software or applications for communication
Examples: MSN messenger, Instant Messenger
A protocol was created called SMTP (simple mail transfer protocol):
allowed email messages to exchange within different computer systems
HTML: the language that enabled anyone to design and publish documents
HTTP: the language that described how you put this content on the Internet railroad
TCP/IP: the railroad track that took data from your Web pages to Websites or computers Open Sourcing Collaborative communities create self-organized free program software
Allows many free tools to be available to millions of people worldwide (including softwares and encyclopedias)
More economical progams include Linux and Apache

Outsourcing A provider that is most efficient, smartest, and cheapest to globally provide any service call center, business support operation, or knowledge work that could be digitized
India and America collaborated to combine the PC, Internet, and fiber-optic cable together
Using the Internet, workstations are made in India where techies can fix company's computers anywhere around the world from India Offshoring China's long-term goal is overcome the US and EU countries
training youth for mathematical, computer, and science skills
helps "flatten" the world
want to build phsyical and telecom infrastructure for Chinese people
this attracted global investors
In 30 years:
"Sold in China" to "Made in China" to "Designed in China" to "Dreamed up in China"
China provides low cost, high quality, hyper efficient products on everything

Supply-Chaining A method of collaborating horizontally- among suppliers, retailers, and customers
the more supply chains grow, the more they force new standards set between companies
this encourages global collaboration
In-sourcing: In-forming The individual's personal analog to open sourcing, outsourcing, in sourcing, supply chaining
Ability to build and deploy your own supply chain
Google, Yahoo!, MSN search
features of websites to further their knowledge on information
Google- gives universal access to information to everyone
The Steroids The MIPS (millions of instructions per second) measure the computational capability of a computer's microchip
Intel 4004 processed 60,000 instructions per second
Contained 2,300 transistors
Intel Premium processes approximately 10.8 billion instructions per second
Contains 410 million transistors

Storage is growing exponentially
Allows data and information become digital and (some cases) portable

Operations Research Division (for UPS):
Maps the deployment of UPS trucks, ships, planes that transports packages daily internationally
work on supply-chain
Full transcript