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The New Jim Crow Ch. 5 & 6

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on 10 October 2013

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Transcript of The New Jim Crow Ch. 5 & 6

The New Jim Crow Ch. 5 & 6
Media Framing
Framing of fatherhood/gender gap:
President Obama's speech on Father's Day
Tyra Banks show: "Where have all the good men gone?"
-Rates of incarceration are ignored as the cause of missing fathers.
Mapping the Parallels
Historical parallels: Jim Crow and mass incarceration have similar political origins.
Legalized Discrimination: With the felon label comes social, political, and economic discrimination.
Political disenfranchisement: No longer allowed to vote.
Mapping the Parallels
Exclusion from Juries: About 30% of black men are excluded from jury service.
Closing the Courthouse doors: Closed doors to racial bias on every level of the criminal justice system.
Racial Segregation: Segregates black and brown people from mainstream society.
States of Denial
Stanley Cohen: Individuals and institutions see only what they want to see.
"Denial may be neither a matter of telling the truth nor intentionally telling a lie. There seems to be states of mind, or even whole cultures, in which we know and don't know at the same time." (201)
States of Denial
Media Framing of minorities add to denial.
- "They deserve it."
-"They did it to themselves."
Structural Racism: Iris Marion Young
- The "Birdcage" metaphor
Mapping the Parallels
Symbolic production of race: The meaning and significance of race in America.
Slavery defined what it meant to be black (a slave), Jim Crow defined what it meant to be black (Second-class citizen), Mass incarceration defines the meaning of blackness, especially black men, a criminal.
Limits of the Analogy
The Differences: Jim Crow explicitly based on race, absence of racial hostility, there are white victims of the racial caste, and Black support for the "get tough" policies.
"It took a major movement to end the last caste system, not simply good behavior." (214)
How it Works: Entrapment
1. The Roundup
2. The period of formal control
3. The period of invisible punishment
"White drug offenders are rarely arrested, and when they are, they are treated more favorably at every stage of the criminal justice process."
Jena 6
- Sentencing of a violent crimes as less serious than drug offenses.
-The importance of "nooses" hanging from the tree.
-Viewing this even through the perspective of past racial caste systems.
Public Perception
Lawyers: Litigation as the battle front for civil rights justice.
-This neglects the importance of mass movements.
-Creates limitations of lawyers.
Prison-Industrial Complex
-For Profit prison corporations: Multimillion dollar profits.
-Prison Labor: Source of cheap labor
The Solution: REFORM
Elimination of: Financial incentives, racial profiling, concentration in poor communities of color and use of military equipment.
-Change in Police culture and public consensus of black and brown crime.
-Change the felon label, decriminalization of drugs, drug treatment and reentry.
Affirmative Action
Alexander argues that "racial justice advocates should reconsider the traditional approach to affirmative action."
-Shift from individuals to Structure:
Barack Obama: "Just Politics"
Exaggerates the role of the individual
Bike Theft?
Who is All of Us?
From Civil Rights to Human Rights
Tron Carter
Cornel West
Full transcript