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Transcript of Verbal Humor
Neural Circuitry of Humor
What makes our brain laugh?
Mental disposition (orig. as determined by the proportion of the bodily ‘humours’: see 2b); constitutional or habitual tendency; temperament.
That quality of action, speech, or writing, which excites amusement; oddity, jocularity, facetiousness, comicality, fun.
the ability to be funny or to be amused by things that are funny
Benefits of Humor
stimulation of circulatory and respiratory system
relaxation of muscles
increased production of endorphins
decrease stress and anxiety
enhancing interpersonal relationship
capturing and maintaining attention and increasing memory
Humor in Nursing Practice
helps deal effectively with difficult situations and difficult patients
sense of cohesiveness
therapeutic communication technique
planned and routine or unexpected and spontaneous
lasting effects and viral
What does humor feel like for you?
Benign Violation Theory
MTG = middle temporal gyrus
MFG = medial frontal gyrus
IFG = inferior frontal gyrus
SFG = superior frontal gyrus
IPL = inferior parietal lobule
vmPFC = ventromedial prefrontal gyrus
Amg = amygdala
PHG = parahippocampal gyrus
Study by Yu-Chen Chan et al.
Punch line joke stories
9-point Likert scale
3-stage neural circuit model
Study by Kipman et al.
Greater humor detection ability was associated with greater gray matter volume.
Humor Appreciation Test (HAT)
Left IFG pars triangularis
Left pars opercularis
left orbital IFG
left superior temporal pole
right IFG - orbital portion
*went against left lateralization*
(a) left insula and inferior frontal gyrus regions
(b) left inferior orbitofrontal gyrus and left temporal pole regions
(c) left superior temporal pole, left inferior frontal gyrus, and left insular regions
(d) left insula and left inferior frontal gyrus regions
(e) left inferior frontal gyrus and left superior temporal pole regions
(f) right inferior frontal gyrus regions
Beck, Cheryl Tatano. "Humor in Nursing Practice : A Phenomenological Study." International Journal of Nursing Studies 34.5 (1997): 346-52. Science Direct. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0020748997000266.
Chan, Yu-Chen, Tai-Li Chou, Hsueh-Chih Chen, Yu-Chen Yeh, Joseph P. Lavallee, Keng-Chen Liang, and Kuo-En Chang. "Towards a Neural Circuit Model of Verbal Humor Processing: An FMRI Study of the Neural Substrates of Incongruity Detection and Resolution." NeuroImage 66 (2012): 169-76. Science Direct. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053811912010221.
Kipman, Maia, Mareen Weber, Zachary J. Schwab, Sophie R. DelDonno, and William D. S. Killgore. "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Scanner: Humor Detection Correlates with Gray Matter Volume." Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuropsychology 23 (2012): 1059-064. Research Gate. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/232737900_A_funny_thing_happened_on_the_way_to_the_scanner_humor_detection_correlates_with_gray_matter_volume/file/79e4150ad44a36953b.pdf.
"TEDxBoulder - Peter McGraw - What Makes Things Funny." YouTube. YouTube, 11 Oct. 2010. Web. 02 Dec. 2013.
"TEDxRainier - Chris Bliss - This Is Your Brain on Comedy." YouTube. YouTube, 06 Jan. 2012. Web. 02 Dec. 2013.
Uekerman, J., Daum, I., & Channon, S. (2007). Toward a cognitive and social neuroscience of humor processing. Social Cognition, 25(4), 553-572. http://muhlenberg.edm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26225942&site=ehost-live&scope=site
Thank you for letting us make your brain laugh!
1) Incongruity-Resolution Theory
2) Nonsense/Slapstick Humor
Why was that funny?
Humor often refers to stereotypes, current events, or relevant common knowledge.
Development of social and cultural knowledge leads to enriched understanding of humor.
Your relationship to the people involved in the joke changes the degree of "funniness".
do you like the aggressor/victim?
do you know the aggressor/victim?
are you involved in the joke?
Study by Neely et al.
Progression of Neural Correlates in Children
Lateralization with Age
The Role of the Nucleus Accumbens (NAcc)
"Robust TOPJ Bilateral Activation"
Subregion BA 37 & Rewards