Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Verbal Humor

Mind and Brain tutorial
by

Adam Halpern

on 29 October 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Verbal Humor

What is
Humor?

Neural Circuitry of Humor
Phenomenology
of
Humor

Verbal Humor
Adam Halpern
Jacob Miller-Sobel
Elijah Sorel
Sarah Raff
What makes our brain laugh?

Resources
Definitions
Mental disposition (orig. as determined by the proportion of the bodily ‘humours’: see 2b); constitutional or habitual tendency; temperament.
- OED
That quality of action, speech, or writing, which excites amusement; oddity, jocularity, facetiousness, comicality, fun.
-OED
the ability to be funny or to be amused by things that are funny
-Merriam Webster
Benefits of Humor
stimulation of circulatory and respiratory system
relaxation of muscles
increased production of endorphins
decrease stress and anxiety
enhancing interpersonal relationship
capturing and maintaining attention and increasing memory
Humor in Nursing Practice
helps deal effectively with difficult situations and difficult patients
sense of cohesiveness
therapeutic communication technique
planned and routine or unexpected and spontaneous
lasting effects and viral
What does humor feel like for you?
Benign Violation Theory
MTG = middle temporal gyrus
MFG = medial frontal gyrus
IFG = inferior frontal gyrus
SFG = superior frontal gyrus
IPL = inferior parietal lobule
vmPFC = ventromedial prefrontal gyrus
Amg = amygdala
PHG = parahippocampal gyrus
Study by Yu-Chen Chan et al.
October 2012
Taiwan
Punch line joke stories
9-point Likert scale
fMRI
3-stage neural circuit model
Incongruity detection
Incongruity resolution
Human elaboration
Study by Kipman et al.
Greater humor detection ability was associated with greater gray matter volume.
Humor Appreciation Test (HAT)
fMRI
Cluster 1
Cluster 2
Cluster 3
left lateralization
Left insula
Left IFG pars triangularis
Left pars opercularis
left lateralization
Cluster 1
Cluster 2
left orbital IFG
left superior temporal pole
left lateralization
Cluster 3
right IFG - orbital portion
*went against left lateralization*
Left lateralization
language systems
emotion-processing system
(a) left insula and inferior frontal gyrus regions
(b) left inferior orbitofrontal gyrus and left temporal pole regions
(c) left superior temporal pole, left inferior frontal gyrus, and left insular regions
(d) left insula and left inferior frontal gyrus regions
(e) left inferior frontal gyrus and left superior temporal pole regions
(f) right inferior frontal gyrus regions

Beck, Cheryl Tatano. "Humor in Nursing Practice : A Phenomenological Study." International Journal of Nursing Studies 34.5 (1997): 346-52. Science Direct. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0020748997000266.

Chan, Yu-Chen, Tai-Li Chou, Hsueh-Chih Chen, Yu-Chen Yeh, Joseph P. Lavallee, Keng-Chen Liang, and Kuo-En Chang. "Towards a Neural Circuit Model of Verbal Humor Processing: An FMRI Study of the Neural Substrates of Incongruity Detection and Resolution." NeuroImage 66 (2012): 169-76. Science Direct. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053811912010221.

Kipman, Maia, Mareen Weber, Zachary J. Schwab, Sophie R. DelDonno, and William D. S. Killgore. "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Scanner: Humor Detection Correlates with Gray Matter Volume." Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuropsychology 23 (2012): 1059-064. Research Gate. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/232737900_A_funny_thing_happened_on_the_way_to_the_scanner_humor_detection_correlates_with_gray_matter_volume/file/79e4150ad44a36953b.pdf.

"TEDxBoulder - Peter McGraw - What Makes Things Funny." YouTube. YouTube, 11 Oct. 2010. Web. 02 Dec. 2013.

"TEDxRainier - Chris Bliss - This Is Your Brain on Comedy." YouTube. YouTube, 06 Jan. 2012. Web. 02 Dec. 2013.

Uekerman, J., Daum, I., & Channon, S. (2007). Toward a cognitive and social neuroscience of humor processing. Social Cognition, 25(4), 553-572. http://muhlenberg.edm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26225942&site=ehost-live&scope=site
Thank you for letting us make your brain laugh!
1) Incongruity-Resolution Theory
2) Nonsense/Slapstick Humor
Why was that funny?
Humor often refers to stereotypes, current events, or relevant common knowledge.
Development of social and cultural knowledge leads to enriched understanding of humor.
Your relationship to the people involved in the joke changes the degree of "funniness".
do you like the aggressor/victim?
do you know the aggressor/victim?
are you involved in the joke?
JOKE
TIME
Study by Neely et al.
Progression of Neural Correlates in Children
Lateralization with Age
The Role of the Nucleus Accumbens (NAcc)
"Robust TOPJ Bilateral Activation"
Subregion BA 37 & Rewards
Full transcript