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LGBT: Part 1

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Lauren Perez

on 27 July 2014

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Transcript of LGBT: Part 1

LGBT: Part 1
LGBT Youth Statictics
20% of homeless youth are LGBT. In comparison, the general youth population is only 10% LGBT.
LGBT homeless youth commit suicide at higher rates (62%) than heterosexual homeless youth (29%)
LGBT youth are roughly 7.4 times more likely to experience acts of sexual violence than heterosexual homeless youth
LGB youth are 4 times more likely, and questioning youth are 3 times more likely, to attempt suicide as their straight peers.
Religious Viewpoints
Anthem Phoenix & Family of Churches
Anointed Affirming Independent Ministries
Community of Christ
Reconciling Pentecostals International
Affirming Pentecostal Church International
Association of Welcoming and Affirming Baptists
Ecclesia Gnostica
Ecumenical Catholic Church
Ecumenical Catholic Communion
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)
Evangelical Anglican Church In America
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada
The Evangelical Network

Microaggressions, Myths, and Stereotypes
History
1924
The Society for Human Rights in Chicago becomes the country's earliest known gay rights organization


1948
Alfred Kinsey publishes Sexual Behavior in the Human Male, revealing to the public that homosexuality is far more widespread than was commonly believed


1962
Illinois becomes the first state in the U.S. to decriminalize homosexual acts between consenting adults in private

June 1969 - Stonewall Riots
Police raided NYC gay bar Stonewall Inn
Riot broke out after police brutality, lasted 3 nights
Start of LGBT civil rights movement
1st gay pride parades held on 1 year anniversary in NYC, LA, San Francisco, and Chicago
Harvey Milk
1980
At the 1980 Democratic National Convention held at New York City's Madison Square Garden, Democrats took a stance supporting gay rights, adding the following to their plank: "All groups must be protected from discrimination based on race, color, religion, national origin, language, age, sex or sexual orientation."

1986
1973 - Homosexuality removed from DSM
1980 - New diagnosis of ego-dystonic homosexuality is added to DSM to appease some who still considered homosexuality a pathology
1986 - Homosexuality removed entirely

1993
The “Don't Ask, Don't Tell” policy is instituted for the U.S. military, permitting gays to serve in the military but banning homosexual activity. President Clinton's original intention to revoke the prohibition against gays in the military was met with stiff opposition; this compromise, which has led to the discharge of thousands of men and women in the armed forces, was the result.

1998 Matthew Shepard
Oct. 7 - Abducted by two men, tied to a split-rail fence, and severely beaten
Oct. 9 - Found by a bicyclist who initially mistook him for a scarecrow
Oct. 12 - Died in the hospital
2009 - President Obama signs The Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act
Permits the government to provide grants and assistance to state and local authorities investigating and prosecuting hate crimes
Federal government currently has no authority to ensure that the perpetrators are brought to justice if state will not prosecute
2000
Vermont becomes the first state in the country to legally recognize civil unions between gay or lesbian couples. The law states that these “couples would be entitled to the same benefits, privileges, and responsibilities as spouses.” It stops short of referring to same-sex unions as marriage, which the state defines as heterosexual.


2007
In November, the House of Representatives approves a bill ensuring equal rights in the workplace for gay men, lesbians, and bisexuals.


2009
2010
U.S. Senate votes 65 to 31 in favor of repealing Don't Ask, Don't Tell, and President Obama officially repeals the Clinton-era military policy


April 29, 2013
May 10, 2013
June 26, 2013
Episcopal Church (United States)
Friends of Jesus Fellowship (Quakers)
Friends General Conference
Global Alliance of Affirming Apostolic Pentecostals
Inclusive Orthodox Church
Metropolitan Community Church
Old Catholic Church
Presbyterian Church (USA)
Progressive Christian Alliance
Reformed Anglican Catholic Church
Restoration Church of Jesus Christ (Salt Lake City, Utah, USA) — a Latter Day Saint denomination
United Church of Christ
United Church of Canada
Unity Church
"Who am I to judge a gay person of goodwill who seeks the Lord?"
-Pope Francis
Family and Parenting
Grieving and Death
Progress in Societal Views
Mental Health & Therapeutic Approach
Liberace
Neil Patrick Harris
Ellen DeGeneres, 1997
Ellen Page, 2014
AIDS
Partner's death triggers the memory of other deceased friends or loved ones
If HIV-positive, how does his health status further complicate the process of his mourning?
Social support: Is he/she 'out' to friends and family?
Disenfranchised grief
Legal issues: Does the couple have an ironclad will, and civil and medical power of attorney?
"The heterosexual widow or widower who loses a mate receives a tacit level of social support and condolence. Gay widowers may be more apt to encounter scorn, ostracism, fear or blame." -Kenneth Doka
1976 - Mayor Moscone appoints Milk to the Board of Permit Appeals, making Milk the first openly gay city commissioner in the United States
Jan 8, 1978 - Sworn in as a member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, winning election by 30%
Sponsors and passes bill that outlaws sexual orientation discrimination
Nov 27, 1978 - Milk and Mayor Moscone are assassinated by Dan White, an ex-cop
White charged with manslaughter and sentenced 7 years, causing riots in San Francisco
President Obama signs a referendum allowing the same-sex partners of federal employees to receive benefits. They will not be allowed full health coverage, however. This is Obama's first major initiative in his campaign promise to improve gay rights.
Jason Collins of the NBA's Washington Wizards announces in an essay in Sports Illustrated that he is gay: "I'm a 34-year-old N.B.A. center. I'm black and I'm gay." Collins is the first active athlete in the NBA, NFL, NHL, or MLB to make the announcement.
Michael Sam becomes first openly gay player ever drafted into the NFL. After receiving news of being drafted, Sam celebrates by kisses his boyfriend in a video that goes viral.
The Supreme Court rules that the 1996 Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) is unconstitutional. In a 5 to 4 vote, the court rules that DOMA violates the rights of gays and lesbians.
Sitcom canceled
No work for 3 years
Co-stars not immune to backlash
Laura Dern
Oprah Winfrey
Today, Ellen is highest earner in daytime television
"Gay marriages would be unstable, and would only lead to the diluting of marriage as a sacred institution."
Lesbian and gay couples generally have the same relationship goals and face the same relationship challenges as people who are straight do. They also have the same rates of relationship success and failure
"Gay men are child molesters who will harm children"
“Research has also shown that children raised by homosexuals were more dissatisfied with their own gender, suffer a greater rate of molestation within the family, and have homosexual experiences more often. Gay marriage will also encourage teens who are unsure of their sexuality to embrace a lifestyle that suffers high rates of suicide, depression, HIV, drug abuse, STDs, and other pathogens. This is particularly alarming because, according to a 1991 scientific surveyamong 12-year-old boys, more than 25 percent feel uncertain about their sexual orientations. We have already seen that lesbianism is "chic" in certain elite social sectors.”
The "research" they cite is an eight year old study that actually has nothing to do with being raised by gay parents
Research suggests that sexual identities (including gender identity, gender-role behavior, and sexual orientation) develop in much the same ways among children of lesbian mothers as they do among children of heterosexual parents
The same concerns that face many heterosexual parents when they are deciding to have children also face same-sex parents including time, money, and responsibilities of parenthood. Likewise, many of the parenting tasks faced by same-sex parents are similar to those faced by heterosexual parents, such as providing appropriate structure for children, while also being warm and accepting, setting limits, teaching open and honest communication, healthy conflict resolution, and monitoring of child’s peer network and extracurricular activities. Some differences may include adapting to different types of family forms, the impact of social stigma on the family, and dealing with extended family members who may not be supportive of same-sex parenting
One of the biggest challenges facing same-sex parented families is that they must live in a culture that supports heterosexist and homophobic attitudes and beliefs, which can affect these families in a variety of ways. A second complication is that these families are usually part of a blended family and include children from previous heterosexual marriages. Some of these families may deal with disagreement from other family members about the authenticity and validity of their family patterns. Lack of support from a previous heterosexual partner or the other biological parent can cause major conflict and distress within the family system
Some same-sex couples may decide to have a child within their relationship, while others may bring children from previous heterosexual or same-sex unions
Some use donor insemination, surrogacy, foster care, or adoption to start a family
An estimated two million LGBT people are interested in adopting.
An estimated 65,500 adopted children are living with a lesbian or gay parent
More than 16,000 adopted children are living with lesbian and gay parents in California, the highest number in the U.S
Gay and lesbian parents are raising 4% of all adopted children in the United States.
There were an estimated 300,000 to 500,000 gay and lesbian biological parents in 1976. In 1990, an estimated 6 to 14 million children have gay or lesbian parents
One comprehensive study of children raised by lesbian mothers or gay fathers concluded that children raised by same-sex parents did not differ from other children in terms of emotional functioning, sexual orientation, stigmatization, gender role behavior, behavioral adjustment, gender identity, learning and grade point averages. Where research differences have been found, they have sometimes favored same-sex parents. For example, adolescents with same-sex parents reported feeling more connected at school. Another study reported that children in gay and lesbian households are more likely to talk about emotionally difficult topics, and they are often more resilient, compassionate and tolerant
May 16, 1919 – February 4, 1987
Liberace embraced a lifestyle of flamboyant excess both on and off stage, and acquired the sobriquet “Mr. Showmanship”
Throughout his career, Liberace publicly denied his homosexual orientation and successfully sued both The Daily Mirror newspaper and Confidential, who reported some of his gay relationships, winning damages and legal fees
Death remains controversial
Against the wishes of his estate, the Riverside County coroner ordered an official autopsy and determined that Liberace had died of an AIDS-related illness, making him the second major celebrity after Rock Hudson to officially succumb to the illness during the early days of media frenzy surrounding the disease
In a 2011 interview, actress and close friend Betty White stated that Liberace was, indeed, gay and that she often served as a "beard" to counter rumors of the musician's homosexuality.
Came out in 2004
Embraced by fans/ supportive environment
Continued to play Barney Stinson, a bachelor on How I Met Your Mother who mostly slept with women and bragged about it
Before coming out, he never denied his sexuality to reporters. He just kept it away from the public eye.
After coming out in an interview with People Magazine, Neil Patrick Harris began showing up to red carpet events with his partner, David Burtka
"So, rather than ignore those who choose to publish their opinions without actually talking to me, I am happy to dispel any rumors or misconceptions and am quite proud to say that I am a very content gay man living my life to the fullest and feel most fortunate to be working with wonderful people in the business I love." 

Often their sexuality is not at the forefront of discussion unless they are coming to therapy to specifically discuss issues around coming out
One thing to keep in mind when working with any marginalized group, is that there is a dominant culture narrative that colors all of our perspectives and lives.  When the dominant culture is one that is different that your own cultural experience, issues can occur with identity
Trauma and substance abuse occurs often because this population often presents with childhood sexual trauma, childhood trauma,  as well as addiction and recovery issues
Knowing how to intervene with individuals in crisis is very important if choosing to work with these clients

Same-sex Couples on TV
Modern Family
2009-Present
The New Normal
2012-2013
Good Luck, Charlie
2014
Frozen
2014
Produced first film -
Into the Forest
Began production of
Freeheld
, a lesbian civil rights documentary
In the works to headline new Fox franchise -
Queen & Country
Since coming out:
May present for:
Issues surrounding coming out
Issues with identity that stem from being a part of a marginalized group
Substance abuse
"I knew I would be a happier person. I knew that I was going to feel better and I did not anticipate just how happy I would feel in every aspect of my life -- just an ease and a comfort. It's really been quite extraordinary to feel the shift that was pretty much overnight...It wasn't until making that choice [to come out] and doing that where I realized I was carrying a tremendous amount of shame and guilt for not being out. I felt isolated from the LGBT community and now I don't."
Use of heterosexist or transphobic terminology
"That's so gay!" "faggot" "dyke" "queer"
Endorsement of heteronormative culture and behaviors
Heterosexuals don’t realize that it is common for them to assume someone is straight
An LGBTQ person is assumed to be heterosexual
to a gay man: "Do you have a girlfriend?"
Encouraged to act in gender-conforming ways
gay men: act more masculine, not flamboyant
Lesbians: "Why don't you wear dresses?" "Who's the man is the relationship?"
Assumption of universal LGBTQ experience
not fitting the stereotype
to lesbians: "But you're so pretty."
assuming a gay man would get along with another gay man simply because they are attracted to the same gender
Assumption of sexual pathology or abnormality
LGBTQ people considered to be sexual deviants or overly sexual
1985 federal ban for any man who has had sex with another man to donate blood
concern that LGBTQ teachers or babysitters are child molesters
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