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Totalitarianism

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by

Nicole Menard

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of Totalitarianism

By Nicole Menard Totalitarianism to-tal-i-tar-i-an, adj. Of or being a form of government in which the political authority exercises absolute control over all aspects of life and opposition is outlawed.
n. A practititioner or supporter of such a government.
[TOTAL + (AUTHOR)ITARIAN]
(The American Heritage Dictionary) Examples: Stalin and
USSR Soviet dictator by late 1920s
Goals: rapid growth of heavy industry and increased farm production
poured nation's resources into building steel mills, other industries
forced peasants to give up land and work on collective farms
used propaganda, terror and censorship to force will
purging party of "enemies of the people"
execution of thousands, exile of millions to system of slave labor camps Hitler and
Nazi Germany nationalistic, anti-communist, anti Semitic
blamed Jews for German defeat in World War II and for economic problems
The Gestapo (secret police)
Nazis used the press, schools, and churches to glorify goals
building programs, strikes banned, strict controls on wages and prices Japan By 1932 - military dictatorship in Japan
small group of military leaders
arrested critics
censorship
secret police Mussolini and
Fascist Italy censored the press
organized a secret police
banned any criticism of the government
controlled army and schools
"Everything in the state, nothing outside
the state, nothing against the state." Sources
http://www.fresno.k12.ca.us/divdept/sscience/history/totalitarianism.htm
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/stalin_joseph.shtml
http://library.thinkquest.org/07aug/00540/totalitarianism.html
Google Images What They Have in Common one party in control
censorship
police system
arrests
use terror to control
little to no freedom for citizens "Totalitarianism is patriotism institutionalized."
Steve Allen Pros and Cons Pros
one party - stabilizes country
citizens may become more patriotic Cons
government has total control - people have no power/say
freedom of citizens compromised
political parties banned
abuse of human rights and liberties
Full transcript