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SOFT TISSUE MASSAGE
Transcript of SOFT TISSUE MASSAGE
-lower back pain; may be beneficial
-mechanical neck pain; uncertain if effective
-tendonitis; no evidence for transverse frictioning (lateral epicondylitis/itb syndrome)
Massage therapy is the scientific manipulation of soft tissues of the body for the purpose of normalizing those tissues and consists of manual techniques that include applying fixed or movable pressure, holding, and/or causing movement of or to the body.
Vasodilation and increased capillary flow
Reduction in oedema
Initially blood pressure increases, then drops
Stimulation local mechanoreceptors
Increased parasympathetic stimulation
Local relaxation of muscles
Aims of massage
Types of Massage
First references to massage therapy: China 4000 years ago
Julius Caesar had "pinching" treatment for neuralgia.
Roman gladiator physician Galen (130-201AD) credited with genesis of Sports' Massage
Modern massage therapy: Pehr Henrik Ling founded Swedish Royal Central Gymnastic Institute (1813)
Queen Victoria famously had treatment for rheumatic pain in late 19th Century
The Society of Trained Masseuses in 1894; first organisation of practitioners...becoming CSP in 1944
Popular in 1960s; relaxation and healing
Online medical dictionary
reduce muscle tension and spasm
increase blood circulation and lymphatic drainage
prevent and reduce of scar tissue/adhesions
promote relaxation and good postural alignment
improve circulation to nerves
6. Deep friction
Skin rolling/connective tissue massage
Shaking & Jostling
Open wound/skin infection
1st trimester pregnancy
Rhythmical oscillatory massage
Encourages optimal fibre alignment in connective tissue
Breaks down cross-links and adhesions
Shin splints: medial tibia
Collateral knee ligaments
Soft Tissue Massage
Muscle strain/ spasm
Shoulder impingement; supraspinatus
Coarse vibration of muscles
promote tissue healing
pre/post sporting event
Application of massage
Soft Tissue Massage
Brosseau, L., Casimiro, L., Milne, S., Welch, V., Shea, B., Tugwell, P. and Wells, G,A. (2002) 'Deep transverse friction massage for treating tendinitis' Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [Electronic], Issue 4, Available: onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD003528/abstract, [02 January 2014]
Furlan, A.D., Imamura, M., Dryden, T. and Irvin, E. (2008) 'Massage for low-back pain', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [Electronic], Issue 4, Available: onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD001929.pub2/abstract, [12 December 2013]
Patel, K., Gross, A., Graham, N., Goldsmith, C., Ezzo, J., Morien, A. and Peloso, P. (2012) 'Massage for mechanical neck disorders', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [Electronic], Issue 9, Available: onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD004871.pub4/abstract, [28 December 2013]
ProActive Training Ltd. (2011) Sports' Massage, London: Author
Ylinen, Y. and Cash, M. (1988) Sports massage, London: Stanley Paul & Company Ltd.