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BIOETHICS

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swag swager

on 31 March 2014

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Transcript of BIOETHICS

SURROGACY
$1.25
Monday, March 17, 2014
Vol JURASSIC PARK
DEBATES
RECENT POLICIES
BIOETHICS
BIOETHICS IN A BOMBSHELL
Bioethics has an impact on every level of human community from the local nursing home to the huge international conferences on issues like the Human Genome.

Bioethics is full of difficult ethical questions for everybody: families, hospitals, governments and civilization.


Fundamental values are at stake: human life, the dignity of the frail and elderly, just healthcare, bodily integrity and the ability to make reasonable decisions.
SOME MAIN ISSUES OF BIOETHICS

STEM CELL RESEARCH
SUBSTANCE ABUSE
SURROGACY
Bioethics is a branch of "applied ethics" and requires the expertise of people working in a wide range disciplines including: law, philosophy, theology, medicine, the life sciences, nursing and social science.

"Bioethics" has been used in the last twenty years to describe the investigation and a study of ways in which decisions in medicine and science touch upon our health and lives and upon our society and environment.
Stem Cell Research
Substance Abuse
RECENT POLICIES
RECENT POLICIES
When a woman cannot become pregnant

She cannot use assisted reproductive technology (ART)

Other issues would be
non-functional uterus

This turns women to surrogacy
Concerns
Stem cells - undifferentiated biological cells that can differentiate into specialized cells and can divide to produce more stem cells.
Debates
Concerns
Debates
May be appropriate if medical condition that makes it impossible or dangerous to get pregnant and to give birth.

The type of medical conditions that might make surrogacy necessary are

absence or malformation of the womb

recurrent pregnancy loss

repeated in vitriol fertilization (IVF) implantation failures.
Concerns
Debates
The HFEA does not regulate surrogacy. should seek legal advice before proceeding with this option.

a major concern with surrogacy is the potential harm that may be inflicted upon the surrogate mother and the child

Concerning liberty and autonomy

There is also a risk of transferring HIV and hepatitis,
laws and policies differ from country to country.

others have no legal regulation and some permit it on a commercial basic


Mrs Rosecky was unable to conceive her own biological child or carry a pregnancy owing to cancer treatment. Together with her husband she entered into surrogacy arrangement with her longstanding childhood friend
The use of a drug or alcohol in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others.
Human stem cells could also be used to test new drugs.
new medications could be tested for safety on differentiated cells generated from human pluripotent cell lines.
Stem cells could also be used for replacement cells in human organs instead of human organ transplants.
WORKS CITED
"BioNews - Home." BioNews - Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014. <http://www.bionews.org.uk/>.
"Surrogacy - How Does Surrogacy Work?" Surrogacy - How Does Surrogacy Work? N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014.
"Substance Abuse: Drug Types, Alcohol, Tobacco, and More." WebMD. WebMD, 10 Jan. 2000. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.
"Teen Alcohol and Drug Abuse-Topic Overview." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
"The Stem Cell Debate: Is It Over?" The Stem Cell Debate: Is It Over? N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014.
CNN. Cable News Network, n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.
"Frequently Asked Questions." What Are the Potential Uses of Human Stem Cells and the Obstacles That Must Be Overcome before These Potential Uses Will Be Realized? [Stem Cell Information]. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
Pro-Surrogacy
I was dismayed by the paternalistic assumptions Kathleen Parker presented in her May 26 op-ed column, “Wombs for rent.”

It was disappointing to see the “women are being exploited” arguments surfacing again, decades after they were first used by anti-surrogacy groups against developments in assisted-reproduction technology.
Anti-Surrogacy

Women’s reproductive rights have enjoyed a half-century or so of well-defined proponents and opponents

recently flourishing fertility industry, from egg harvesting to surrogacy, has produced fresh and surprising alliances among former foes.
Drugs such as Tobacco, Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroin can produce a phenomenon known as tolerance
You must use a larger amount of the drug to produce the same level of intoxication.
Most people use these substances for medical purposes, however, some people use it to induce altered conscious states
Teens are more tempted to follow their friends and fall into temptation. Sometimes they cannot control themselves after the first time.
More people feel that they need to "fit in"
The Obama Administration’s plan to reduce drug use and its consequences
The National Drug Control Strategy - A strategy using 21st century technology to approach the drug policy
Drug reform policy
April 24, 2013
“ This Administration remains committed to a balanced public health and public safety approach to drug policy. This approach is based on science, not ideology—and scientific research suggests that we have made real progress.”

- President Barack Obama
Many people feel that drug distribution should be limited while others feel that that humans need to be more responsible.
Some argue that drug laws are effective while others argue that it just encourages more people to do illegal activity
Religious groups are also arguing on the ethical and moral side of substance abuse
Several people want to reform the drug law and improve it so it will discourage people to use drugs
Definition /Origin
Definition- The ethics of medical or biological research
Origin- The National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research (1974-78) is generally viewed as the first national bioethics commission.
Belmont Report-identified fundamental principles for research involving human volunteers and is the basis of federal regulation.
MAIN ISSUES
METHODOLOGIES
Five different methods
Case Based Reasoning-use past cases as evidence or guidance for present situations
Reductionism- using basically logic to decide if something is ethical
Religion- using religious principles (Abortion)
Psychology- using human emotions to determine if something is ethical
Biological Science- understanding the science behind the biological practice
President Obama signed a policy which unbanned funding for stem cell research

Promotes funding for research
BY: Cole Tobin, Avery Guillermo, Jordan Shimaukuro, Reid Shin
"In recent years, when it comes to stem cell research, rather than furthering discovery, our government has forced what I believe is a false choice between sound science and moral values,
Much controversy centered on the moral implications of destroying human embryos.
Debate over how to regulate and fund research involving human embryonic stem (hES) cells.
Until recently, the only way to get pluripotent stem cells for research was to remove the inner cell mass of an embryo and put it in a dish.
Concerns about the destroying of human embryos for research.
Also, in the United States, laws prohibit the creation of embryos for research purposes.
Scientists instead receive "leftover" embryos from fertility clinics with consent from donors.
Is it worth it?
sur·ro·ga·cy

the process of giving birth as a surrogate mother or of arranging such a birth.
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