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Transcript of The Olympics
The United States
The Olympic Experience : London 2012
In the past thirty years, Olympic values were gradually introduced into China within the development of Chinese traditional sports industrialization.
The changes in Chinese sports not only brought a positive influence on sporting industry itself but also caused a more open minded approach to traditional sport culture and a basic understanding of, and involvement space for, Olympic values.
Three Concepts of the Beijing Olympics:
Green Olympics: Protecting the environment, resources, and maintaining an ecological balance.
High-tech Olympics: Technology and mobile communications were improved during the preparation of the Olympics in Beijing. Along with a new transport system that would allow the commute of guests during the games. Translator machines were also needed to ensure that every country would be able to communicate.
Peoples Olympics: The spread of the spirit as well as the unique Chinese culture was the main aim. Programs were established to ensure the use of manners and etiquette in schools, offices, venues and even in daily life of the public at large. The games showed the spirit, culture, and basic values of china and symbolized the Chinese people’s embracing of the world and their love for the culture and the human race. The Olympics allowed for the blending of sport with culture and education to promote the balance and development of people.
Chinese athletes take great pride in representing their country
Chinese athletes don't attend school, being an athlete is their occupation
Chinese elite athletes have gone abroad on their own to play or coach in national teams of other countries. In the Chinese press, they are described as the ‘overseas corps’
Athletes attend state financed sports academy
Social Identity of Athletes
More commercialized than other countries
Source: International Olympic Committee
1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta
The City of Atlanta lobbied to hold the Olympics in 1996, in hopes of raising the economical status of the city worldwide.
The U.S. hosted the Summer Olympics in what 3 cities
A. Cleveland, Detroit, Atlanta
B. Los Angeles, Atlanta, Boston
C. Los Angeles, St. Louis, Atlanta
D. Detroit, Boston, St. Louis
In which sport do men and women compete against each other
NBC says most americans want to watch
A. Basketball, Golf, Gymnastics, Tennis
B.Swimming, Track & Field, Basketball, Diving
C. Track & Field, Swimming, Gymnastics, Beach Volleyball
D.Tennis, Swimming, Beach Volleyball, Track & Field
However, the way that the olympics are valued vary from country to country
Olympism is a philosophy of life, exalting and combining in a balanced whole the qualities of body, will and mind.
The goal of the Olympic Movement is to contribute to building a peaceful and better world by educating youth through sport practiced without discrimination of any kind and in the Olympic spirit, which requires mutual understanding with a spirit of friendship, solidarity and fair play.
What is Olympism?
Social Identity of Olympic Athletes
The cultural significance of the Olympics
Political and Economic Impact
The United States
The Olympics In China
& The Social Values They Emit
The Russians did not start competing officially, until the 1952 Helsinki Olympic Games.
Until that time the United States had held dominance over the games in virtually all individual competitions.
The early fifties would mark a change in Olympic history, one in which the United States dominance would be challenged for the first time.
-Russia’s (USSR) debut in 1952 also served as a symbol of Russia’s reemergence on the world stage in terms of politics, economic affairs, and the rebuilding of its military strength, which had been derailed after World War II.
-There are correlations regarding Russia’s (USSR) Olympic debut in 1952 and the early stages of the Cold War with the U.S... Because Russia’s involvement in the Olympics and the Cold War roughly happened around the same time period, many had concluded that American and Russian dominance over the Games had become an extension of the growing conflict between the two countries.
-Both countries quickly realized the importance of using the Olympics as a world platform for projecting political intelligence and military strength.
-Ever since Russia’s entrance into the games during the early fifties, the idea of using athletes to dominate athletically, and consequently serve as symbols of a countries dominance and military power, have remained an important tactic in many countries (not just in the US or Russia)
-The recent Winter Olympic Games in Sochi may provide us with another example of a world power using the Olympic stage to posture politically.
Now with the continued civil unrest occurring between the Ukraine and Russia many wonder if there might be ulterior motives to some of the political and civil instability occurring in Southeast Russia.
-Russian athletes are often recruited and trained from an early age in order to achieve athletic dominance that in turn further represents the values and ideologies of the larger Russian state.
-Russia and China show many similarities in terms of selecting specific individuals at young ages in order to later perform at an elite level on the world’s stage and hopefully solidify their dominance in many different competitions.
-Russian athletes highly value the Olympics and their athletic abilities. However, they often do so at the mercy of the Russian state and often have no choice as to whether or not they compete. They often have that choice made for them, similar to the recruitment and training practices seen in China.
-Although Russian athletes might be selected to represent their country for reasons beyond their control, they usually do so with a great sense of pride and character.
1. International Review for the Sociology of Sport June 1984 vol. 19 no. 2 113-127: Paavo Seppänen
1b. Department of Sociology, University of Helsinki, Franzeninkatu 13, 00500 Helsinki 50, Finland
2. Grant, L. (Writer & Producer). (2012). Jesse Owens [American Experience]. Stanley Nelson (Producer), American Experience. Boston, MA: WGBH Studios (PBS).
3. Lawrence, Robert, and Jeffrey Pellegram. "Fool's Gold: How America Pays to Lose in the Olympics."
The Brookings Review
(1989): 4-10. Web.
4. Ward, C. D. "Atlanta and Other Olympic Losers." Contexts 12.3 (2013): 46-51. Print.
The Olympic motto Citius, Altius, Fortius means
A. Faster, Higher, Stronger
B. Further, Stronger, Tougher
C. Faster, Higher, Tougher
D. Higher, Faster, Further
Women were first allowed to participate in
Which country has hosted the most Winter Olympics?
B. The United States
Construction began in inner-city Atlanta.
Demolished a housing project
Many long-term and negative economic effects on the surrounding neighborhoods
Athletes are predominantly funded through sponsorships and endorsements
Puts much pressure on performance
Most athletes compete for National pride
Many reasons American athletes compete
The United States is currently the leader in gold medals and in the overall medal count
The United States is expected to be one of the top countries in the Olympics every year.
Many other countries compete with something to prove
Prior to the Beijing Olympics, China's record on human and media freedoms, political and civil liberties, food safety and environment threatened the Games with potential boycott
Hosting the Olympics was integral to this agenda of underscoring China‟s new role in global politics and economics, and polishing up its image and reputation damaged by years of Communist repression.
The Games have helped China to project a successful national brand image as an emerging global power in spite of some problem areas. They also left behind a legacy of transformed Beijing, awesome architecture, improved environment and better reputation for business and tourism
the Olympics provided China with an opportunity to display its fascinating culture, values and ideology to an international audience and further open-up and embrace the world
The Games prompted Chinese cultural revival and Olympic education programs which went beyond the 400,000 volunteers and 400 million Chinese school children to the entire public; and was well blended with the Olympic and Western Cultures especially using domestic media.
Before the 2008 Olympic games, China held the Olympic culture festival to promote the spread of the Olympic spirit in China, introduce the rich Chinese culture to the world, and bring forth the profound meanings of the cultural Olympics. They saw the Olympic games as a great opportunity to merge Chinese culture with the Olympic spirit and culture.
The U.S. has been known to boycott the Olympics in the past
In the 1980 Olympics in Moscow The United States and 64 other countries boycotted the Russian Olympics due to its occupation of Afghanistan, they showed that the power of politics outweighs the spirit of the games.
President Obama did not boycott the 2014 games but personally decided not to attend. He instead sent openly gay tennis player Billie Jean King, figure skater Brian Boitano and ice hockey player Caitlin Cahow.
Former Presidential nominee Mitt Romney used the 2002 Olympics in Salt Lake City to propel his political career forward
1984 Los Angeles Olympics
Cited as a model of reasonable success
After the games there was a surplus of $232.5 million
LA kept 40 percent ($93 million) and donated the remaining 60 percent back to the U.S. Olympic Committee
Cultural misunderstanding of less viewed U.S. Olympic sports.
The U.S. has sent athletes to every Olympic games except in 1980.
U.S. has won a total of 2,400 medals at summer games, and a total of 241 in the olympic games.
The U.S. has won more gold medals overall than any other country in the summer olympic games.
First hosted summer olympic games in 1904 in St. Louis, Missouri.
First hosted the winter olympics in 1932 in Lake Placid, New York.
Up until the 1980's, the U.S. primarily competed with the Soviet Union at the Summer games.
The Olympic Movement is the concerted, organized, universal and permanent family, carried out under the authority of the International Olympic Committee, by all individuals and entities who are inspired by the values of Olympism. Through education and programming, the movement blends sport with culture, to create a standard of friendship, solidarity and fair play.
Excellence: Giving one’s best, on the field of play or in life
Friendship: Building a peaceful and better world through solidarity, team spirit, joy and optimism in sport
Respect: Respect for oneself and one’s body, respect for one another, for the rules as well as the environment