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Canada's Natural Resources (Grade 5)
Transcript of Canada's Natural Resources (Grade 5)
Canada's Natural Resources
Natural Resources are things found in nature that humans use. Sometimes the natural resources are necessary for our survival, like the water we drink, the food we eat and the materials we use to build shelter.
means the resource can be replaced
means the resource can never be replaced once it is used up.
*Over half of Canada is covered in forest.
*The most important natural resource in Canada's forest is its trees.
*Wood from trees is used in construction, paper making and other industries.
*The industries related to forests provide jobs for about 600, 000 Canadians.
*Forests provide homes for animals, birds and insects.
*Healthy forests are places we can enjoy using for hikes, bike rides, a picnic or a camping trip in a forest.
Oceans, Rivers, and Lakes
*Canada is surrounded by sea water on 3 sides.
*It also has one-fifth of the world's fresh water in its many rivers and lakes.
*Canada has the largest fresh-water system in the world.
*Water itself is an important Natural Resource. Fresh water is used for drinking and household activities like bathing and cooking.
*Water is also used in agriculture, manufactoring, mining and other industries.
*Its also home to a variety of fish and plants, both in fresh water and in the salty oceans
*Soil is one of the Natural Resources that Canada has.
*Healthy soil, water and the right climate are needed to grow food.
*Because Canada has different regions and climates, some areas are better suited to agriculture than others.
Land and Soil
Rocks and Minerals
*Some of Canada's most valuable resources are its minerals.
*You can find minerals nestled deep underground in rock.
*Almost everything we use that does not come from plants or animals is made of some combination of minerals.
*Gold is the top metallic mineral mined in Canada
*One of Canada's newest and most valuable mineral exports are diamonds.
Other Important Minerals
*Everything we do needs energy.
*Energy comes from a fuel source.
*Sunlight and soil nutrients are plants' fuel.
*The most common fuels used today are fossil fuels. It is used for transportation and to run factories, businesses and homes.
*Natural gas is another fossil fuel. It is trapped in rock, underground and beneath the ocean floors.
*Canada is the largest producer of hydroelectricity. This is energy used from moving water.
Coal, oil, and natural gas are fossil fuels. They are formed from the remains of plants and animals that lived millions of years ago. When the plants and animals died, they were covered by mud and rock. As more mud and rock built, the pressure and heat turned them into coal, oil or gas.
Oceans, Rivers and Lakes