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Energy

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by

Tim Bosseloo

on 10 December 2013

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Transcript of Energy

Energy
What is energy?
We take energy for granted,
are only concerned with the price,
do not question its availability!


Access to energy
is not (
yet
) a
human right

Belgium's
energy policy
-> security of supply based on
diversification
of geographical sources and fuels, energy
efficiency
, transparent & competitive
pricing
,
environmental
protection
Belgian Defence also needs energy
National
Defence = Energy consumer



Dependent on private market but...

Renewable energy?

International
Secure SLOC



Increase of potential conflicts
Peacekeeping, Hum Ops

Security of
supply
net energy
producer
states need a reliable market purchasing their energy.
Energy Security
= national security
+ what 'fuels' the nation
Security of demand
net energy
consumer
states need a predictable, "shock free" security of supply.
How to safeguard
future supply?
Nuclear phase-out by 2025?
... while nowadays 55% of electricity is produced by it?

>> only possible if (much) more gas can be used for electricity production
renewable energy: alternative or neglectible output?
today
: up to 7% of gross energy consumption

target
2020
: 13% of gross energy consumption
Climate change challenges?
meeting emissions restrictions will not be easy ...

... and the federal-regional divide in responsibilities does not facilitate that process.
Finding the correct energy mix is crucial
Export oil products
Nuclear = domestic?
Diversification is the key, both in terms of supply and energy type
Security of transit for
transit
states
the EU gas hub!
commercial (=
the

markets
) & governmental (=
the nations
) & environmental (= pollution, emissions)

NATO CEPS pipeline:
over 6.000km
long
nationalized producers have tendency to relay on export revenue
-> long term benefit?

3rd world producers also have to cope with demographic growth
-> less export & revenue
unconventional (like shale) oil & gas might decrease EU dependence from outside ...
-> environmental impact?
-> destabilization?

diversification
stimulated, both in terms of
providers
&
energy types
energy interdependence!
Energy Stability
times of reliable trade
->
market led
times of
supply threat
->
state led
CONCLUSION
through governance
Multinational cooperation
Log challenge
HNS
LLN-LRSN
TPLS (NSPA)
Deployable assets
So what for Syria
Transit country
for oil
94% generated by thermal power plants fueled by refined petroleum

black outs

Electricity
2.5 billion barrels of crude oil
lack of domestic refining capacity
western sanctions
oil production - 50%

Conclusion
No world energy player

Transit lines still secure

Russian state-owned energy companies

No international intervention??
Energy security
market led
power instrument in international politics (comprehensive approach)
BEL diversification of energy suppliers - importance of SLOC
Full transcript