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Transcript of Energy
What is energy?
We take energy for granted,
are only concerned with the price,
do not question its availability!
Access to energy
is not (
-> security of supply based on
of geographical sources and fuels, energy
, transparent & competitive
Belgian Defence also needs energy
Defence = Energy consumer
Dependent on private market but...
Increase of potential conflicts
Peacekeeping, Hum Ops
states need a reliable market purchasing their energy.
= national security
+ what 'fuels' the nation
Security of demand
states need a predictable, "shock free" security of supply.
How to safeguard
Nuclear phase-out by 2025?
... while nowadays 55% of electricity is produced by it?
>> only possible if (much) more gas can be used for electricity production
renewable energy: alternative or neglectible output?
: up to 7% of gross energy consumption
: 13% of gross energy consumption
Climate change challenges?
meeting emissions restrictions will not be easy ...
... and the federal-regional divide in responsibilities does not facilitate that process.
Finding the correct energy mix is crucial
Export oil products
Nuclear = domestic?
Diversification is the key, both in terms of supply and energy type
Security of transit for
the EU gas hub!
) & governmental (=
) & environmental (= pollution, emissions)
NATO CEPS pipeline:
nationalized producers have tendency to relay on export revenue
-> long term benefit?
3rd world producers also have to cope with demographic growth
-> less export & revenue
unconventional (like shale) oil & gas might decrease EU dependence from outside ...
-> environmental impact?
stimulated, both in terms of
times of reliable trade
So what for Syria
94% generated by thermal power plants fueled by refined petroleum
2.5 billion barrels of crude oil
lack of domestic refining capacity
oil production - 50%
No world energy player
Transit lines still secure
Russian state-owned energy companies
No international intervention??
power instrument in international politics (comprehensive approach)
BEL diversification of energy suppliers - importance of SLOC