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Physical impairments/Severe and multiple impairments

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Samantha Fecich

on 28 June 2013

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Transcript of Physical impairments/Severe and multiple impairments

Physical and multiple disabilities
A physical disability is an impairment so severe that it affects a student's educational ability. It can include congenital disabilities, disease caused impairments, and other impairment causes.

There are three types of physical disability
Monoplegia - one limb is affected
Hemiplegia - arm, leg, and trunk of one side of the body is affected
Paraplegia - Only legs are affected
Tetraplegia - both arms and legs are involved
Diplegia - both legs or arms are affected
What is a physical disability?
Club foot
Spinal cord injury
Spina bifida
Cerebral palsy
Muscular dystrophy
Juvenile Rheumatoid arthritis
Traumatic Brain Injury
Examples of physical impairments
Their cognitive abilities range from gifted to severe and profound.
assume just because a student may have a physical disability that they have an intellectual disability as well.
You must first get to know the student and determine his or her intellectual competencies.
Some physical disabilities may have correlating behavioral problems (example is a traumatic brain injury).
Some students may have poor or low self esteem due to their disability.
As with others, some students may need help socializing with typically developing peers. (Especially when it comes to explaining their condition)
Many of these students have difficulty controlling either fine or gross motor skill
Characteristics of those with a physical disability
Differentiated Instruction
Make sure the content is in accessible format for the student (it is at their level so they can physically manipulate the materials)
Student must able to maneuver around the classroom to access all materials
Positioning the student is key!
For students who are diagnosed as having multiple disabilities,content that is motivating to them (but still age appropriate!) may be beneficial

Tweet 1 example of how you can provide motivating content for a student who is diagnosed with a severe disability and is 13 years old in your content area.
Tweet 1 way this video shows how content can be differentiated using AT for an individual who has a physical disability!
Differentiated instruction
A larger desk may help balance books, papers, and other classroom supplies.
Talk with the student about what he or she can do.
Provide class materials in an accessible format
Allow sufficient time to complete assignments
Use appropriate computer positioning
Adjust keyboard control system
Special seating arrangements may be necessary to meet student needs.
Students may require special chairs, lowered tables on which to write, or spaces for wheelchairs.
Students with upper body weakness may not be able to raise their hands to participate in class discussion.
Make arrangements early for field trips and ensure that accommodations will be available.
Students may need to be accommodated for missed work due to absenteeism due to fatigue or their specific disability
Provide concrete examples
Give manipulatives if necessary
Make learning motivating

View this PDF ( http://www.nsnet.org/start/physical.pdf) and read through pages 56-57 tweet 1accommodation and detail why it is important in 130 characters or less!
Differentiated Instruction
Make sure accommodations are in place for in-class written work.
Let the student use any assistive technology if needed to complete an assignment.
Let the student demonstrate, create a project, make a poster, or give a speech instead of taking a test.
If taking a test make sure the material is in a format the child can understand.

Here is a site that details the adapted standards for students who have severe multiple disabilities. Go to this site http://www.pasaassessment.org/curriculum/currpennalterstand.html and write out two ways you could assess two standards of your choice. Submit an email to professor!
Differentiated Instruction
Low tech options
Tape players
• Switches to operate a computer
• Page turners
• Mouth sticks or mouth-operated joysticks
Alternative keyboards
Timers or alarms with large buttons
Gait belts
Modified telephones may use large buttons, headsets, speakerphone capabilities, or keyboard and visual displays
Adapted computer access methods
Mid tech options
Word prediction programs
Computer keyguards
Power wheelchairs and manual wheelchairs
• Voice recognition systems
• Touch windows
• Three wheel scooter
• Trackballs to perform mouse functions
• Environmental adaptations
• Seating and positioning
• Alternative and augmentative communication devices
tables and chairs which are height adjustable
High tech options
These students are diagnosed with several disabilities who may have significant needs.
However, their disabilities do not hinder them from having the same wants, desires, and needs as their typically developing peers.
This group of students have three subgroups - those with severe and profound intellectual disabilities, those who are deaf and blind, and lastly those whose disability is so severe that it interferes negatively in their education.
What is a multiple or severe disability?
Prevalence of severe and profound disabilities
This group of students are very low
It is about 2% of the total population who have special needs are diagnosed with a severe or profound disability.
Causes of severe disabilities
Chromosome abnormalities
Drug/Alcohol use (prenatal)
Physical trauma to mother (prenatal)
Lack of oxygen
Injury to the brain
Tweet two ideas you learned or something that surprised you about this video. Be sure to watch the entire video!
Characteristics of those with multiple/severe disabilities
Students may need to be assessed in way that they can understand and respond appropriately.
Some students may require AAC to communicate
May have difficulty understanding abstract concepts
Also students may have issues with generalizing information from one setting to another.
May have problems with learning literacy skills
May have communication issues
Tweet 1 example of a special seating arrangement which may need to be a made for a student with a physical impairment.
Items to grab or grasp items that are out of reach
Pill organizers
Large key calculators, cellphones, etc.
Easy-to-grip silverware
high-lipped dishes
Jar openers
Dressing sticks
Elastic or non-tie shoelaces
Go to this site http://www.abledata.com/abledata.cfm?pageid=19327&top=11860&deep=2&trail=22&ksectionid=19327 and tweet one example of a piece of low tech for an individual with a physical disability. Describe why that piece of low tech would suit your classroom.
Go to this site http://www.abledata.com/abledata.cfm?pageid=19327&top=11860&deep=2&trail=22&ksectionid=19327 and tweet one example of a piece of mid level technology for an individual with multiple disabilities. Describe why that piece of tech would suit your classroom.
Go to this site http://www.abledata.com/abledata.cfm?pageid=19327&top=11860&deep=2&trail=22&ksectionid=19327 and tweet one example of a piece of high level technology for an individual with multiple disabilities. Describe why that piece of tech would suit your classroom.
How can you adapt a lesson for Glenn? Tweet it!
Here is an informative video that recaps AT for individuals who have physical or multiple disabilities. Tweet two different ways you can use a piece of AT described in the video in your classroom.
Hollywood portrays a physical disability like this...
Alexicom AAC
Wheels on the bus
Dragon Dictation
Kindle reading app
Felt Board
Check out
Full transcript