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War Hawks vs. War Doves

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Rachel Morgan

on 14 March 2013

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Transcript of War Hawks vs. War Doves

Rachel Morgan Debate: War Hawks vs. War Doves War Hawks wanted to start a war with England
mostly from the South and West
headed by Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun
wanted to gain land in Canada Why should we fight the British? impressed American sailors on merchant ships, violating American neutrality
believed that the they were arming Native Americans in the Ohio River Valley
wanted to completely remove them from their forts in the Ohio River Valley
wanted to remove them from Canada War Doves strongly opposed starting a war
mostly from the North
headed by John Randolph and Daniel Webster
were mostly Federalists
older Republicans, like President James Monroe and Secretary of Treasury Albert Gallatin, were War Doves because they thought the U.S. wasn't prepared for a war Why should we oppose war? thought the U.S. was unprepared to fight
had fear they could be taken over by France, specifically Napoleon, in a weak state
refused to conquer Canadian land
thought it would be a costly experience that produced little

Who won the debate? the War Hawks convinced Congress to go to war on June 18, 1812
the War Doves were right, as we were not prepared for war
we won the War of 1812 after defeating the strongest army twice in 30 years
7th period March 14, 2013 Henry Clay was Speaker of the House three times and Secretary of State
represented Kentucky in both the House of Representatives and the Senate
created a large community of War Hawks in the House of Representatives using persuasion
wanted to expand into Canada
strongly opposed the violation by the British of the American maritime rights and trade laws
was convinced that the continuous impressment of American sailors justified war John Randolph Virginian Congressman
Old Republican
active in debates with topics like currency and tariff
was not elected to the House of Representatives in 1812 because he strongly opposed the idea of war
was a public leader of opposition
did not want to jeopardize the independence of the United States
John C. Calhoun Member of the House of Representatives, from South Carolina
very good at making speeches
wanted to go to war to preserve American honor and republican values
worked to gather troops and provide funds for the war Daniel Webster elected to House of Representatives in 1812
criticized war with England
wanted to stop impressment
did not participate in the Hartford Convention because he was not an extreme Federalist.
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