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Parkinson's Disease

A degenerative disorder of the central nervous system. Affects motors skills and speech.
by

Joshua Ladd

on 6 May 2010

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Transcript of Parkinson's Disease

Double click anywhere & add an idea Parkinson's Disease A degenerative disorder affects the central nervous system and motor skills. Symtoms are trumors, shaking, muscle rigidity and changes in speech. Parkinson's Disease can not be cured but can be treated. Picture of the pathways to the brain. Parkinson's disease was first discovered in England in
1817 by Dr. James Parkinson. Usually the disease develops after age 50. There is no known cure for Parkinson's disease. Medications that help control the symptoms are:
Levodopa, Pramipexole, Selegiline, Amantadine or anticholinergic, Entacapone. Life style changes that can help are:
good nutrition and health, exercising, regular rest
periods and avoiding stress, Physical therapy,
speech therapy, counseling services, railings in
your house. A new blood test can diagnose and treat Parkinson's disease
Can be tested before symptoms appear. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a surgical procedure used to treat a variety of disabling neurological symptomsmost commonly the debilitating symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD), such as tremor, rigidity, stiffness, slowed movement, and walking problems. The procedure is also used to treat essential tremor, a common neurological movement disorder. At present, the procedure is used only for patients whose symptoms cannot be adequately controlled with medications.

Unlike previous surgeries for PD, DBS does not damage healthy brain tissue by destroying nerve cells. Instead the procedure blocks electrical signals from targeted areas in the brain. Thus, if newer, more promising treatments develop in the future, the DBS procedure can be reversed. Although most patients still need to take medication after undergoing DBS, many patients experience considerable reduction of their PD symptoms and are able to greatly reduce their medications. Currently, NINDS-supported scientists are trying to determine the site(s) in the brain where DBS surgery will be most effective in reducing PD symptoms. These researchers are also comparing DBS to other PD therapies to find out which is more effective Stem cells may replace depleted brain
cells,VA researchers in Richmond are
exploring the use of adult stem cells that, when
transplanted into the brain, may transform into
dopamine-producing neurons to help combat
Parkinson’s disease. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) is the leading supporter of biomedical research on disorders of the brain and nervous system Famous people who had Parkinson's disease are but
not limited to: Michael J. Fox, Johnny Cash, Billy Graham. Parkinson's is progressive, patients need to take drugs to
manage some symptoms, but the disease wasn't about to go
away. Recently, Permax (pergolide) and its generic versions used
by several thousand patients with Parkinson's disease are being
pulled from the market because of reports of heart valve damage.
Other drug side effects are nausea, vomitting and sometimes worse tremors.
Michael J. Fox has spent most of the last decade creating awareness about the disease and raising funds for research. His limitless devotion to finding a cure has ignited public awareness about a disease that the many people paid very little attention to prior to Fox's crusade. He was only 30 years old when he was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. Because of Michael J. Fox there
really is more research being done
for this disease. He has the Michael J
Fox foundation.
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