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Impact of the Battle of Saratoga

What if America had lost the Battle of Saratoga? I prove in this Prezi that they would have lost the war.
by

Peter Giordano

on 23 November 2014

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Transcript of Impact of the Battle of Saratoga

Impact of the Battles of Saratoga
By Peter Giordano


What was it?
The Battles of Saratoga were two battles that marked the climax of the British Saratoga campaign. The goal of the campaign was to capture the Hudson River Valley.
British General John Burgoyne attempted to divide New England from the southern colonies. It didn't work out in the end and he was forced to fight.
How did France help?
Battle Support
Marquis de Lafayette
Morale Changed
The British suffered heavy losses
Introduction
Recap and Conclusion
Battle of Freeman's Farm
General Burgoyne tried to flank American forces at their position at Bemis Hill. Burgoyne barely won, but with many casualties.
Battle of Bemis Heights
Burgoyne again attempted to attack American forces, but he and his troops got surrounded and captured. He was forced to retreat. In the end, he suffered twice as many casualties as America.
John Burgoyne was sent out
Not only was John Burgoyne sent out of the future country, but more than 6,000 British troops were sent out with him, by the Articles of Convention.
Over 1,000 casualties
More than 1,000 British troops were killed or wounded in the Battles of Saratoga, including important and successful officer Simon Fraser, and a country so far away does have some trouble sending more troops in.
The Battle of Yorktown
America was struggling, and the British were headed toward Chesapeake Bay, but France had landed 6,000 troops in RI. The French and British fleets fought each in the Bay, and the British navy was forced to retreat to NY. General Cornwallis was stranded, and the American and French armies together overwhelmed his position and he was forced to surrender. This surrender ended the war, and the French just barely won it for America.
Valley Forge
After getting shot in the leg during the Battle of Brandywine, Lafayette spent a good amount of time with Washington and his troops in the harsh Valley Forge. He was responsible for the division of troops, and he was very committed to the American cause, spending his own money on muskets and uniforms for the troops. He was very loyal to George Washington, and even when his whole family missed him, he could not leave because he was "necessary to the American cause" and "General Washington would be unhappy." By the time the soldiers left Valley Forge, they were ready to fight, thanks to Lafayette.
American morale would be low
The Continental Army would not be as confident as they became after the battle.
The British would have had many more troops
The British morale would be higher, and their troop numbers would be much higher, especially with continued victories.
The French would have never given much needed support
Lafayette would not have improved the army, and more battle losses, Yorktown included, would ensue.
Works Cited
Had America lost the Battle of Saratoga, they would not have lacked morale, proper troop numbers, and support, and would have lost the Revolutionary War.
By winning the Battle of Saratoga, France recognized American independence, and realized that they may stand a chance against Britain. The two countries signed the Treaty of Alliance, which stated that both countries would help each other out in times of war. How did France contribute?
The French offered much-needed aid to the American cause where it was needed, such as Newport and Chesapeake Bay.
How did this victory affect America?
Americans were now much more confident about their chances in the war, especially after winning a fight like this, and after so many losses recently.
As you might expect, this was a loss in morale for the British. Morale may not seem like much, but being confident about the future can change the way soldiers fight.
4. Gates, Horatio and Burgoyne, John. Articles of Convention. Saratoga: Oct. 16 1777. From The Patriot Resource. http://www.patriotresource.com/amerrev/documents/saratoga.html
(accessed 11/22/14).
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5. Treaty of Alliance. Paris: Feb. 6, 1778. From Library of Congress, A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774 - 1875. http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llsl&fileName=008/llsl008.db&recNum=19
(accessed 11/21/14).
1. “Battles of Saratoga - Wikipedia,” modified 11/3/14, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battles_of_Saratoga.
Pictures Cited
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1
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2. “The Battle of Saratoga | Liberty References,” modified 2012, http://www.libertyreferences.com/battle-of-saratoga.shtml
3. "The Battles of Saratoga - Wikipedia."
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6. “Revolutionary War Timeline,” modified 2014, http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/revwartimeline.htm
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7. “The British Surrender at Yorktown, 1781,” modified 2002, http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/yorktown.htm
If America had lost the Battles of Saratoga, they would have lost the war, as they would have lacked:
Good morale
Good troop numbers
Support
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9. “The Marquis de Lafayette at Valley Forge - George Washington’s Mount Vernon,” accessed 11/23/14,
http://www.mountvernon.org/research-collections/digital-encyclopedia/article/the-marquis-de-lafayette-at-valley-forge/
10. Marquis de Lafayette to Adrienne Lafayette, Valley Forge. http://web.ulib.csuohio.edu/lafayette/documents/doc9.shtml
Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier de Lafayette was sent by the French to assist in the American Revolution, and was a very noble and brave officer, playing major roles in battles at Brandywine, Barren Hill, and, as preiously mentioned, Yorktown.
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8. “Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette,” modified 11/23/14, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert_du_Motier,_Marquis_de_Lafayette
Primary Sources

Marquis de Lafayette to Adrienne Lafayette, Valley Forge. http://web.ulib.csuohio.edu/lafayette/documents/doc9.shtml

Gates, Horatio and Burgoyne, John. Articles of Convention. Saratoga: Oct. 16 1777. From The Patriot Resource. http://www.patriotresource.com/amerrev/documents/saratoga.html (accessed 11/22/14).

Treaty of Alliance. Paris: Feb. 6, 1778. From Library of Congress, A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774 - 1875. http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llsl&fileName=008/llsl008.db&recNum=19 (accessed 11/21/14).

Secondary Sources

“Battles of Saratoga - Wikipedia,” modified 11/3/14, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battles_of_Saratoga
“Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette,” modified 11/23/14, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert_du_Motier,_Marquis_de_Lafayette

“The British Surrender at Yorktown, 1781,” modified 2002, http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/yorktown.htm

“Revolutionary War Timeline,” modified 2014, http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/revwartimeline.htm

“The Battle of Saratoga | Liberty References,” modified 2012, http://www.libertyreferences.com/battle-of-saratoga.shtml.

“The Marquis de Lafayette at Valley Forge - George Washington’s Mount Vernon,” accessed 11/23/14,
http://www.mountvernon.org/research-collections/digital-encyclopedia/article/the-marquis-de-lafayette-at-valley-forge/
Picture Source: “Battles of Saratoga - Wikipedia,” modified 11/3/14, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battles_of_Saratoga.
Picture Source: "Betsy Ross Flag - Wikipedia," modified 11/2/14, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betsy_Ross_flag
Picture Source: "Great Britain Flag 1776," accessed 11/23/14. http://bizlocallistings.com/junytd/great-britain-flag-1776
Picture Source: "Couin New British Cemetery," accessed 11/23/14. http://www.webmatters.net/cwgc/couin_new.htm
Picture Source: "Actualités en France @France | Twitter," modified 11/23/14. https://twitter.com/france
Picture Source: "American Revolution : The Battle of Yorktown," modified 2014, http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-yorktown.htm
Picture Source: "Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette - Wikipedia," modified 11/23/14, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert_du_Motier,_Marquis_de_Lafayette
Battle of Saratoga: “Battles of Saratoga - Wikipedia,” modified 11/3/14, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battles_of_Saratoga.

Colonial Flag: "Betsy Ross Flag - Wikipedia," modified 11/2/14, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betsy_Ross_flag

British Flag: "Great Britain Flag 1776," accessed 11/23/14. http://bizlocallistings.com/junytd/great-britain-flag-1776

Cemetery: "Couin New British Cemetery," accessed 11/23/14. http://www.webmatters.net/cwgc/couin_new.htm

France: "Actualités en France @France | Twitter," modified 11/23/14. https://twitter.com/france

Battle of Yorktown: "American Revolution : The Battle of Yorktown," modified 2014, http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-yorktown.htm

Marquis de Lafayette: "Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette - Wikipedia," modified 11/23/14, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert_du_Motier,_Marquis_de_Lafayette
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