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Cosmetology in the Middle Ages
Transcript of Cosmetology in the Middle Ages
The Middle Ages
In European history, the Middle Ages, or Medieval period, lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the collapse of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance. The Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: Antiquity, Medieval period, and Modern period. The Medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, the High, and the Late Middle Ages.
Important Events in history continued..
1215: Magna Carta
1291: :Last Crusade
1300’s: Commercial Revolution
1337: Beginning of 100 years’ war
1347-1351: Black Plague
1350: Italian Renaissance
1453: End of 100 years’ war with England and France
In the Middle Ages, clothing was a way of identifying one's place in the world. Medieval people were highly skilled at reading the meaning of fashion, which is reflected throughout the painted pages of illuminated manuscripts. Illuminated manuscripts is a manuscript which includes ornamental borders, capitals, and illustrations. They often reflect the actual styles and fabrics of this particular time period. In Medieval Europe, the kings and queens had the nicest outfits money could buy. Made with lincoln scarlet, kersey, russet, burnet, perse, damask, chalons, and sandal. They were bright, colorful, and vibrant clothing, full of shape and character. They would be long, because longer clothes would symbolize their reign over the social structure.
by Reagan Dowdy
476: Fall of Roman Empire. Dark ages begin
732: Charles Martel stops Muslim’s advance in West Europe
800: Charlemagne's Empire
814: Treaty of Verdun ends Charlemagne's empire
900’s: Agricultural revolution
1066: William the Conqueror of Normandy--> battle of Hastening
1095: Crusades begin
Important Events in History
pictures from google
When first born, babies were wrapped up in linen or flannel, which was most comfortable for their sensitive skin. As they grew up and became children, young teenagers, teenagers, and adults, their outfits gradually changed. Different fabrics usually symbolized the child growing up. They could have gone from linen, to cotton, muslin, or silk depending on how rich or poor they became. Boys wore a doublet, skirt, and a coat. A girl would wear a bodice that fastened at the back. A doublet was a tight fitting jacket that either did or did not have sleeves. A skirt was an open piece of clothing that fell from the waist or hips. A bodice was a tight-fitting top that was laced up at the back. When an adult, their clothes would represent what social class they were apart of.
The definition of beauty in the middle ages was having a long neck, dark eyebrows, white teeth, a small waist and pale skin. Some would even injure themselves to accomplish these things as long as they were considered 'beautiful'
In the middle ages, women often painted their faces with wheaten flour or used lead-filled cosmetics. It was assured that the root of the Madonna lily would whiten the face. Only colored makeup was applied to the cheeks and lips but not their eyes. It has been said that eyecolours and eyeliner were available during the medieval period, and it is commonly known that since early antiquity the Egyptians and later the woman in the 10th century were using eyeliner and eyeshadow, but paintings and sculptures for the High Middle Ages like the Madonna, dated at 1370, show women with pale and unadorned eyes and eyebrows heavily plucked. It would seem, therefore, that although the technology to produce eyeliner and eyeshadow was available, fashion dictated that it wasn't used.
Health & Hygiene
The general standard of medieval cleanliness was considerably high. The poorer person was just as concerned with personal hygiene and cleanliness as the wealthy, perhaps more. A person who worked with animals or out in the fields all day would be more in need to wash their hands and face before a meal than a person who had not worked at manual labour. A lack of money and possessions did not preclude the lowest classes from basic good hygiene. Hands and faces were usually washed with water before meals and after. In noble households, ewers of water which were often scented with rose petals or other fragrant herbs which were set aside for this express purpose. Bathing was a part of the daily ritual. The peasant or lower class would bathe in streams or wash from a small basin and jug, while the wealthier would attend public baths if they did not have one at their residence.
While a persons rank was distinguished by their long and flowing hair, the less wealthier people wore theirs more or less short, according to the degree of freedom which they possessed, and the serfs had their heads completely shaved. It was customary for the noble and free classes to swear by their hair, and it was considered the height of politeness to pull out a hair and present it to a person. The degradation of kings and princes was carried out in a public manner by shaving their heads and sending them into a monastery; on their regaining their rights and their authority, their hair was always allowed to grow again
The hairstyles of the Middle Ages varied with the fashions of the time period. The Medieval Church played a substantial part in women's hairstyles.
Women tended to wear their hair in long, flowing curls that were clearly visible. Some women would attach gold balls to the end of their hair or weave ribbons and gold threads throughout their locks. After this, long braids were very popular among the upper class.
When the wimple gained favor, women's hair was often covered; however, coiled buns worn on each side of the head, either braided or unbraided, became fashionable while wearing bonnets, hats and veils. A final hairstyle made popular by the Church's decree that married women must cover their hair. It was smooth, middle-parted hair, and visible only at the forehead. Women also wore their hair in nets that gathered from the back of the bonnet or other headpiece. Only women who were of high standing wore their hair long. Common people typically wore their hair cut to the chin or shoulders, while serfs typically shaved their heads. The common people did not decorate their hair with balls, ribbons or threads. Under the reign of Charlemagne, shaving subjects' heads was a punishment for certain crimes.