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Rerum Novarum

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by

Marco Gabriel Batario

on 26 January 2014

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Transcript of Rerum Novarum

Rerum Novarum
Church and Ideologies
Quadragesimo Anno
Christian Justice

The Church and Ideologies
What is Quadragesimo Anno
Latin: "In the 40th year"
Encyclical of POPE PIUS XI
Made exactly 40 years after Rerum Novarum (MAY 15, 1931)
Can also be addressed as "On Reconstructing the Social Order"
Discusses the ethical implications of the social and economic order
Dangers from unrestrained capitalism and totalitarian communism
What is Rerum Novarum?
Latin: "Of New Things"
It is an encyclical of POPE LEO XIII
First Social Encyclical
It can be also be addressed as "ON THE CONDITION OF LABOR"
It was issued on MAY 15, 1891
Answer to the Social Question/Conflict that had risen in the wake of industrialization thus led to the rise of socialism
Gave special attention to the poor

Workers experience poverty
Employers abuse their power
No attention for the poor from the government
Situations which lead to the formation of Rerum Novarum
Situations which lead to the formation of Quadragesimo Anno
Worldwide economic depression
Millions are unemployed
Financial collapse
Abuse of power
"Ubi Arcano Dei"
"the participation of the laity in the apostolate hierarchy"
The groups were intended to be the means for the defense of religious and moral principles for Christian Society and thus help in reconstructing the order
Christian Justice
Rerum Novarum
A. The situation of the poor and workers
Decline of Public Morality
Workers being exploited by employers
Authorities not protecting the rights of the poor

B. Guiding Principles
There should be equality
God has gifted everyone with equal dignity
All have the right to own private property
Laws are to be obeyed

C. Role of the Church
The church has the right to speak out
The church can educate people to act justly through the gospel

D. Rights and Duties of Workers/Poor and Employers/Wealth of society
>Duties of the Employers
Pay fair wage
Provide day offs for religious and family affairs
Respect the dignity of the worker
>Duties of the Workers
Fully perform the agreed-upon tasks
Refrain personal attacks or violence towards the employer
E. Role of Public Authority and Law in Society
Defend and foster the rights of families
Support the common good
Intervene when necessary to prevent harm to individuals or the common good
Give special Consideration for the poor

Quadragesimo Anno
Part One: Impact of The Condition Of Labor

I. On the Church
A. Doctrine
Encouraged adaptability to changing conditions
B. Practical Application
Effort to help the lower classes
Influence education and culture

Part One: Impact of The Condition Of Labor

II. On Civil Authority
Protect law and order and promote public well-being
Must give special attention for the needy

Part Two: Social and Economic Doctrine

III. On Other Concerned Parties
A. Unions
B. Other

A. Role of the Church
Church has the right and duty to deal with the issues
God given task

B. Property Rights
C. Capital and Labor
Only by the labor or working people does the state grow rich

Part Two: Social and Economic Doctrine

D. Uplifting the Proletariat
Working people should be sufficiently supplied with fruits of production
E. Reform of Social Order
Principles of subsidiarity
Abolish conflict between social classes


Part Three: Socialism

A. Changes in Capitalism
Free competition has ended
State has become a slave serving greed
B. Changes in Socialism
Supports violence and abolition of private ownership
C. Remedies
No possibility of compromise between Christianity and Socialism
Love and charity must reinforce justice
CAPITALISM
Profit Motive
Unlimited private ownership
Free and unrestricted competition
Non-interference of the state
COMMUNISM
Human history is a continuous struggle for wealth

SOCIALISM
Abolition of private property
A. Situations of Injustice in the Philippines:
Poverty
Violence
Graft and Corruption
Crime
Caused by:
Exaggerated individualism and practical materialism
Practical Materialism
B. Justice from the scriptures:

1. Old Testament
Attitude or virtue that makes one conform to the moral norm
Divine Justice


C. Divisions of justice:
Commutative
Relationships between individuals
Distributive
Obligations of the community to the individuals
Contributive/Legal
General good of the community
Social
Classes
E. Christian Responsibility
Awareness of the root of injustice
Condemnation of injustice
Conversion
B. Justice from the scriptures:

2. New Testament
Compassionate Justice

"Give to each person what is his, but give him also what is yours."
God's justice demand:
1) Concern for the poor
2) Protection of widows and orphans
3) Protection of the stranger (immigrants and refugees)
4) Respect for wage-earners
5) Attending to the condition of servants and slaves
6) Prohibition of lending at higher interest
7) Avoiding bribes

A just individual is one who loves God with all his heart, all his soul, all his strength and his neighbor as himself.
Justice in Church's tradition
Classical Catholic teaching describes justice as the habit whereby a person renders to each one with a constant and perpetual will, his due or right.

D. The relationship of justice and charity/love
Intimately tied up with the demand of justice is the Christian command of love. Justice and love are inseperable.
Full transcript