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Immunity and Infection

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Karina Smith

on 30 May 2016

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Transcript of Immunity and Infection

The Flu Virus:
AKA Influenza:
This is a contagious respiratory illness that can infect your nose, throat, and lungs. Signs and symptoms include fever, fatigue, muscle aches, and runny nose.
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Pathogens common to University Students:
The Flu Virus & Strep Throat
Flu Transmission:
Spread through droplets from a cough, sneeze or through talking-you can get infection via touching infected surfaces or persons through mouth and nose.
Most adults may be able to infect others one day before symptoms start, and up to 5 days after becoming sick.

"At Risk" populations can infect others for a longer period of time
Immunity and Infection
Karina Ustinovich, Kirstin Fritze, Sandhya Prasad
AKA: Methlicillian-resistant Stephyloccus Areus

Strepococci is a bacteria that is everywhere including skin, throat, hard surfaces, and air - it doesn't always cause disease (throat infection)...But it is infectious!!

Signs and Symptoms:
Stiff neck, nose bleeds, joint pain, severe abdominal pain
Strep Throat Occurrences:
Most common Bacterial Infection that causes sore thoat: 5%-15% in Adults and 20%-30% in Children (2016).

If not treated with antibiotics, strep throat can lead to rheumatic fever ,damage to heart valves, arthritis, infection of kidneys and middle ear, red systemic rash, and result in removal of tonsils
Strep Throat Transmission:
Passed around by the same modes as the cold virus: coughing, sneezing, mucous, and saliva membranes via hand to hand contact, droplet and air borne contamination.


Prevention of the Flu:
Get the Flu Shot!! The flu shot is available for anyone 6 months or older!

Keep immune system strong!
ie, daily physical activity aka: exercise, healthy eating, vitamin C and D, adequate rest and ROUTINE HAND WASHING!!
Strep Throat:


HAND HYGIENE!!!
Using hand sanitizers to kill the virus, cover your cough!!
Stay away from others, especially "at risk" populations (small children, elderly and immuno-compromised individuals) while infectious!
Disinfect household surfaces.




Direct transmission:
pathogen is passed from one person to another, by close contact ie, sneezing, coughing and holding hands

Indirect transmission:
animals and insects, mosquitoes and ticks can carry the pathogen from one host to another. ie, contaminated food, water, inanimate objects (eating utensils, door knobs and bathroom toilets).







Key Facts About Influenza (Flu)| Seasonal Influenza (Flu) | CDC". Cdc.gov. N.p., 2016. Web. 18 May 2016

Insel, P.M., Roth, W.T., Irwin, J.D. & Burke, S.M. 2012, Core Concepts in Health Canadian Edition, p. 278

NOVA | Immunity And Vaccines Explained | PBS". YouTube. N.p., 2016.
Web. 18 May 2016

Public Health Agency Of Canada. Phac-aspc.gc.ca. N.p., 2016. Web. 18 May 2016

"Strep Throat Prevention And Treatments". Healthline. N.p., 2016. Web. 18 May 2016




Prevention
:
General means of Transmission
Citations
Class Questions
Q: What are major pathogens that affect university students?
Q: What are means of transmission of infectious disease?
Q: What steps can you take to prevent infection and strengthen the immune system?
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