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Transcript of Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a psychiatric illness. It is a chronic, severe disabling brain disorder. It interferes with a person's ability to think clearly.
Schizophrenia does not have one specific known cause. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), research has shown it may be genetic or caused by an imbalance in brain chemistry.
No longer identifies subtypes
An overlap in symptoms between types made the subtypes irrelevant for clinicians
At least two symptoms must be present for six months
Impact on Families
May feel hurt and frustrated
May experience communication issues with their loved one
May retreat from their social support networks
May experience financial hardships
May feel rejected and lonely
Resources for Families
How Psycho-education helps families
Recommended as part of standard treatment
Patient and family can benefit from learning about their illness
Intended to "increase knowledge of and insight into illness and treatment"
Goal for interventions
How interventions aid clients
Family C.H.A.N.C.E.S Support Group empowers and supports the relatives (18years+) of those diagnosed with schizophrenia in the Miami-Dade area. It aims to create an emotional support system while educating the family members about mental illness in order to positively affect the family system. Members are encouraged to express their thoughts and feelings in a safe environment as they share experiences, support, and information.
Meet Our Group
Melissa, BSSW Intern
NAMI (National Alliance on Mental Illness)
Information HelpLine/referral service:
1 (800) 950-NAMI (6264)
namiofmiami.org or email firstname.lastname@example.org
M-F, 10 a.m.- 6 p.m., EST
UM Psychological Services Center: Schizophrenia Family Project
5665 Ponce De Leon Blvd (2nd Floor)
Miami, FL 33146-0726
8:30am-8:30pm, Mon-Thur, 8:30am-4:00pm, Fri
Appointments are available during daytime and evening hours
Approximately 1 in every 100 people in the world suffer from the mental illness
24 million individuals in the world
2.5 million Americans
Occurs in all ethnic groups, although it is more prevalent in lower levels of socioeconomic statuses
Men develop symptoms earlier than
$63 Billion is spent on costs
Hospitalization, lost wages, and disability benefits
15% of those diagnosed attempt suicide
Treatment for Schizophrenia
“Portray [people with Schizophrenia] sympathetically, and portray them in all the richness and depth of their experience as people, and not as diagnoses.” —-Elyn Saks
Family Systems Therapy
Murray Bowen (1974) - Bowen Family Systems Theory
A theory of human behavior that views the family as an emotional unit and uses 'systems thinking' to describe the complex interactions within the unit.
" Family members so profoundly affect each other's thoughts, feelings, and actions that it often seems as if people are living under the same emotional skin."
"A change in one persons functioning is predictably followed by reciprocal changes in the functioning of others. "
Groups for Families
A strategy of teaching patients and families about mental disorders, their treatments, personal coping techniques, and resources.
Providing opportunities for family caregivers to develop knowledge and skills on caring for a relative with mental illness with peer-support, establishing a harmonious family like, and engaging professionals as collaborates instead of authoritative experts.
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
About Schizophrenia. (2008, November 28). SARDAA. Retrieved July 15, 2014, from http://www.sardaa.org/resources/about-schizophrenia/
Comer, R. (2009). Abnormal Psychology (7th ed.). New York: Worth Publishers.
McDonell, M. G. Burden in schizophrenia caregivers: Impact of Family Psycho-education and Awareness of Patient Sucidality. Family Process, 42. Retrieved , from http://dev.spokane.wsu.edu/researchoutreach/wimhrt/documents/McDonell_et_al_20031.pdf
Kazdin, A. E. (2000). Schizophrenia treatment. Retrieved July 2014, from American Psychological Association: http://www.apa.org/topics/schiz/treatment.aspx
Mental Health, N. (2006). Psychosocial Treatments for Schizophrenia. Psych Central. Retrieved on July 2014, from http://psychcentral.com/lib/psychosocial-treatments-for-schizophrenia/000709
Schizophrenia. (n.d.). American Psychiatric Association. Retrieved July 18, 2014, from http://www.dsm5.org/Documents/Schizophrenia%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf
The Negative Symptoms of Schizophrenia. (n.d.). The Harvard Medical School Family Health Guide. Retrieved July 18, 2014, from http://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/updates/update0706c
The Bowen Center - Bowen Theory. (n.d.). The Bowen Center - Bowen Theory. Retrieved July 18, 2014, from https://www.thebowencenter.org/pages/theory.html
Vreeland, B. (2012). An evidence-based practice of psychoeducation for schizophrenia: A practical intervention for patients and their families. Psychiatric Times, 29(2), 34-40. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ssf&AN=73317593&site=ehost-live
Whale, J. (2011, June 13). Auditory Hallucinations-An Audio Representation. Retrieved July 15, 2014 from: http://youtu.be/0vvU-Ajwbok.
Zupanick, C. E. (n.d.). The New DSM-5: Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders - DSM-5. The New DSM-5: Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders - DSM-5. Retrieved July 18, 2014, from http://www.amhc.org/1418-dsm-5/article/51960-the-new-dsm-5-schizophrenia-spectrum-and-other-psychotic-disorders
Coping Healthy and Consistent Educational Support
A glimpse into the mind of a schizophrenic person:
Disorganized or catatonic behavior
Inexpressive faces, blank looks, monotone speech, few gestures, seeming lack of interest, or inability to feel pleasure.
(American Psychiatric Association, 2013)
Citrus Health Network
Family Health Center:
4125 West 20th Avenue Hialeah, FL 33012
(305) 424-3120 or (305) 825-0300
Hours of operation may vary
Henderson Crisis Stabilization Unit
2677 NW 19th ST
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33311
24 hours a day, 7 days a week
(American Psychiatric Association, 2013)
(The Bowen Center - Bowen Theory, n.d.)
(McDonell, M. G., 2011)