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Religions Of The World

Made By: Jylah Mabry
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Jylah Mabry

on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of Religions Of The World

By: Jylah Mabry Religions Of The World ! Founder: Peter & Paul
Date Founded: 33 CE
Region of the world founded: Palestine
Part of larger era:
Name of followers: Christians
Holy book: “The Old Testament” and “The New Testament”
This is a monotheistic faith
Name of God- Father, The Holy Ghost, or The Trinity
Believes in a Heaven and a Hell.
Believes that what you do in this lifetime effects where your soul will go after death.
Laws to govern the "Christians" are called "The Ten Commandments" Christianity ! Founder: Muhammad
Date Founded: 622 CE
Region of The World founded: Mecca, Saudi Arabia (Middle East)
Name of followers: Muslim
Holy book: The Koran
Monotheistic
Name of god: Allah
Believes in a heaven and hell and an afterlife
Moral code/laws to govern followers: The Five Pillars. The Five Pillars are the most important acts in life a muslim must fulfill if they can. Islam Founder: Siddharta Guatama
Date Founded: 520 BC
Region of The World founded: Northeastern India
Name of followers: Buddhist
Holy book(s): Pali Canon, & Many Mahayana Sutras
Monotheistic
Name of god(s): Vairocana, Aksobhya and others
Believes in reincarnation and nirvana. Nirvana is when your soul finally stops reincarnating and comes to peace and one with the earth. Buddhism Founder: no single founder
Date Founded: 2000 BC
Region of The World founded: India
Name of followers: Hindus
Holy book(s): Vedas , Upanishads
Polytheistic
Name of god(s): Kirshna, Vishnu, Shiva & Durga
Believes in reincarnation and something like heaven and nirvana, but the spirit becomes one with the univers
Moral code/laws to govern followers: Dharma
Leaders of the religion known as: Brahmins Hinduism Founder: Abraham
Date Founded: 2000 BC
Region of The World founded: Canaan
Holy book(s): Torah
Monotheistic
Name of god(s): Yahweh
Believes in heaven, hell and an afterlife
Moral code/laws to govern followers: Ten Commandments
Important individuals within the religion: Abraham, Moses and others
Leaders of the religion known as: Kohanim

Judaism There are many Important individuals in Christian history most of who are mentioned in the bible
Leaders are known as priest. They get the holy word and spread it to the people
Other religions similar: Judaism and Jainism
Region(s) of the world found today: The Americas, Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Middle East North Africa
How was it spread & who was responsible: It was spread among Trade Routes. It was spread by Christian missionaries and the most famous missionary Paul of Tarsus
Symbols that are important to this religion- The Cross and many other crosses, a fish, a lamb, 3 nails, etc., etc.
Number of followers around the world today: 2.1 billions followers Roman Catholic Founder: Paul
Date founded: 200 AD
Region of the world founded: Holy Roman Empire (Europe)
Part of an empire: Holy Roman Empire
Name of followers: Catholics
Holy book: The Bible
Monotheistic
Name of God: God, The Holy Father, Holy Ghost The Trinity
Believed in Heaven, Heaven was a place your soul went when you did good in life. Hell was the opposite, Believed in Afterlife,
Important Individuals: Paul
Leaders of this religions are called: The Pope
Regions of the world found today: North America & Several Parts Of Europe
How religions spread: Popes enforced this religion on the people living in the empires.
Symbols important: the Rooster, Loaf of bread and wine, crucifix etc., etc.
Number of followers around the world today: 1.13 billion Founder: Michael Cerularius
Date Founded: 1054 AD
Region of The World founded: Europe
Part of larger era/empire/major event occurring at the same time: After the Holy Roman Empire was coming to a decline
Name of followers:
Holy book: The Bible
Monotheistic
Name of god: The Holy Father, Holy Ghost, The Trinity, or God
They believed in a Heaven and hell and an afterlife
Moral code/laws to govern followers: The Ten Commandments
Important individuals within the religion: Michael Cerularius and missionaries Leaders of the religion known as: Patriarchate, priest and many others Eastern Orthodox Other religions that share concepts similar to each religion: Roman Catholic, Judaism, and Protestantism
Region(s) of the world found today: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, North America, and Oceania
How religions spread so widely- who was responsible: spread by missionaries to kings and leaders enforced it on the people they rule
Symbols that are important to the religion: Patriarchal cross and others
Number of followers around the world today: 218 million Protestantism Founder: Martin Luther
Date Founded: 1517 the 95 thesis was posted, thus beginning the protestant movement
Region of The World founded Europe
Part of larger era/empire/major event occurring at the same time: Eastern Roman Empire
Name of followers: depended on which protestant church you were a part of (EX: Lutheran Church- Lutheran, Calvin Church- Calvinist)
Holy book: The Bible
Monotheistic
Name of god(s): Holy Father, Holy Ghost, The Trinity
Major beliefs of religion
Believed in Heaven, Hell and an afterlife. (Calvinist believed in predestination.)
Predestination: when you are born "God" already determined if you were going to heaven or hell, and there is nothing you can do to change that. Moral code/laws to govern followers: The Bible, The Ten Commandments, and other rules or documents they came up with them
Important individuals within the religion: Martin Luther, John Calvin, King Henry VIII, && Others
Leaders of the religion known as: priests
Other religions that share concepts similar to each religion: Catholicism, Eastern Orthodox, Judaism
Region(s) of the world found today: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin && North America, & Oceania
How religions spread so widely- who was responsible: Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press and that helped spread protestantism
Symbols that are important to the religion: A dove, The fish, The Cross and more
Number of followers around the world today: 370 million The Five Pillars:1. Testimony of Faith (Kalima)
This is the becoming of a Muslim. They say, “I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger,” then they become a Muslim.
2. Prayer (Salat)
They have to pray 5 times a day. The word Bimillah (in the name of Allah) is said before each prayer, and the word Alhamdilillah (thanks to be Allah) is said after each prayer.
3. Fasting (Sawm)
During the month of Ramadan (November), Muslims fast. They don't eat or drink ANYTHING during the daylight hours. They fast to increase devotion, purity of the soul, body and mind.
4. Almsgiving (Zakat)
Every Muslim who’s financial condition is above a specific percentage or income must give 2.5% of their savings to a person in need, a new convert to Islam, a traveler, or a person with to many debts.
5. Pilgrimage (Hajj)
A muslim who is financially and physically able has to travel to Mecca, Saudia Arabia, during the Hajj. Mecca is important because it is where Abraham built the first house of worship called the Kabba, and Muslims must it face when they pray. Important individuals within the religion: Muhammad, Abraham, more
Leaders of the religion known as: Caliph
Other religions that share concepts similar to each religion: Christianity, Judaism
Region(s) of the world found today: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin && North America & Oceania
How religions spread so widely- who was responsible: trade routes, the Ottoman Turks helped
Symbols that are important to the religion: Crescent Moon
Number of followers around the world today: 1,283 million Founder: Abdullah ibn Saba, Abu Bakr - became the first caliph
Date Founded: 632 CE
Region of The World founded: Middle East
Part of larger era/empire/major event occurring at the same time: Muhammad died and they were looking for a new leader
Name of followers: Muslim
Holy book: The Ko'ran
Monotheistic
Name of god: Allah
Believes in heaven and hell and an afterlife
Moral code/laws to govern followers: The Five Pillars
Important individuals within the religion: Muhammad, Abu Bakr Shi'a Leaders of the religion known as: Caliph
Other religions that share concepts similar to each religion: Christianity, Judaism
Region(s) of the world found today: Africa/Middle east
How religions spread so widely- who was responsible: People became Shi'a if they thought the rightful caliph should be related by blood to Muhammad
Symbols that are important to the religion: The Crescent Moon
Number of followers around the world today: 150 million Founder: Hia Harbor
Date Founded: 632 CE
Region of The World founded: Middle East
Part of larger era/empire/major event occurring at the same time: Muhammad died and they were looking for a new leader
Name of followers: Muslims
Holy book(s): The Ko'Ran, The Sunnah
Monotheistic
Name of god: Allah
Believes in heaven and hell and an afterlife Sunni Moral code/laws to govern followers: The Five Pillars
Important individuals within the religion: Hia Harbor
Leaders of the religion known as: caliph
Other religions that share concepts similar to each religion: Christianity, Judaism
Region(s) of the world found today: Africa/Middle East
How religions spread so widely- who was responsible: people changed because they thought that the caliph could be any one
Symbols that are important to the religion: The Crescent Moon
Number of followers around the world today: 940 million Moral code/laws to govern followers: Eight Fold Path, Four Noble Truths
Important individuals within the religion: Siddharta, Ashoka
Leaders of the religion known as: Monks
Other religions that share concepts similar to each religion: Hinduism
Region(s) of the world found today: Asia, Europe, Latin & North America, && Oceania
How religions spread so widely- who was responsible: Trade routes, Ashoka
Symbols that are important to the religion: Eight Spoked Wheel, Bodhi Tree, Begging Bowl, etc., etc.
Number of followers around the world today: 375 million Founder: Many other Buddhist
Date Founded: 100 BC
Region of The World founded: India/Sri Lanka
Name of followers: Buddhist
Holy book(s): Pali Tipitaka, Jataka
Monotheistic
Name of god(s): Vairocana, Aksobhya and more
Believes in reincarnation and nirvana
Moral code/laws to govern followers: 8 Fold Path, 4 Noble Truths Theravada Leaders of the religion known as: Monks
Other religions that share concepts similar to each religion: Hinduism
Region(s) of the world found today: Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand & Cambodia
How religions spread so widely- who was responsible: people followed
Symbols that are important to the religion: same as regular buddhism
Number of followers around the world today: 124 million Founder:
Date Founded: 100 BC
Region of The World founded: India
Name of followers: Buddhist
Holy book(s): Pali, Mahayana Canon
Monotheistic
Name of god(s): same as regular buddhism
Believes in reincarnation and nirvana
Moral code/laws to govern followers: 8 Fold Path, 4 Noble Truths Mahayana
Leaders of the religion known as: Monks
Other religions that share concepts similar to each religion: Hinduism
Region(s) of the world found today: North Asia, China, Mongolia, Tibet, Korea & Japan
How religions spread so widely- who was responsible: people converted
Symbols that are important to the religion: same as buddhism
Number of followers around the world today: 185 million Founder: other buddhist
Date Founded: 500 BC
Region of The World founded: India
Name of followers: Buddhist
Holy book(s): Mahayana Canon, and various tantras
Monotheistic
Name of god(s): same as buddhism
Believes in reincarnation and nirvana
Moral code/laws to govern followers: 8 Fold Path & 4 Noble Truths
Leaders of the religion known as: Monk
Other religions that share concepts similar to each religion: Hinduism
Region(s) of the world found today: Tibet
How religions spread so widely- who was responsible: people converted
Symbols that are important to the religion: same buddhism
Number of followers around the world today: 6 million Vajrayana Other religions that share concepts similar to each religion: Buddhism
Region(s) of the world found today: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin & Northern America, && Oceania
How religions spread so widely- who was responsible: trade routes
Symbols that are important to the religion: Aum, Swatika and others
Number of followers around the world today: 1 Million
Other religions that share concepts similar to each religion: Christianity
Region(s) of the world found today: Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin & North America, & Oceania
How religions spread so widely- who was responsible: people converted
Symbols that are important to the religion: Star of David, Mezuzah, Tzitzit and Tallit && Many more
Number of followers around the world today: 14 million

Founder: No single founder
Date Founded: 550 BC
Region of The World founded: India
Name of followers:
Holy book(s): Jaina Sutras
Monotheists
Name of god(s): Jinas, Tirthankars
Believes in reincarnation
Moral code/laws to govern followers: Pancha Vrathas
Leaders of the religion known as: Koyilvdadhiya


Jainism Other religions that share concepts similar to each religion: Buddhism
Region(s) of the world found today: India
How religions spread so widely- who was responsible: people converted
Symbols that are important to the religion: swatik, flag && more
Number of followers around the world today: 4 million

Founder: Confucius
Date Founded: 500 BC
Region of The World founded: China
Part of larger era/empire/major event occurring at the same time: Han Adopted this philosophy
Name of followers: Mang Tzu
Holy book(s): Ananlects (Lunyu)
Doesn't specifically believe in a god
Believes in the government taking control and people playing their part in their role as family
Moral codes/laws: The Divine Life Society
Leaders of the religion known as: teachers
Other religions that share concepts similar to each religion: Daoism
Region(s) of the world found today: Asia, Africa, Europe, Latin & Northern America & Oceania
How religions spread so widely- who was responsible: people converted
Number of followers around the world today: 6 million
Confucianism Founder- Laozi
Date Founded- 550 BC
Region of The World founded- China
Name of followers- Daoist
Holy book(s): Tao Te Ching
Doesn't believe in a specific god believes that peopl should just go with the flow; stay at peace and be concerned with family and nature
Important individuals within the religion: Laozi
Leaders of the religion known as: teachers
Other religions that share concepts similar to each religion: Confucianism
Region(s) of the world found today: China && Taiwan
How religions spread so widely- who was responsible: people converted
Symbols that are important to the religion: yin and yang
Number of followers around the world today- 6.30 million


Daoism Founder- No known founder
Date Founded- no known date
Region of The World founded- Japan
Name of followers- Shinto
Holy book(s)- Kojiki, Nihongi or Nihon shoki
Polytheistic
Name of god(s): Kami
They believe in many spirits not gods or goddesses.
Moral code/laws to govern followers: has no moral code
(d) Leaders of the religion known as: teachers
Other religions that share concepts similar to each religion: Confucianism, Daoism
Region(s) of the world found today: Japan
Symbols that are important to the religion- Torri gate
Number of followers around the world today- 4 million

Shintoism
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