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Amazon Biome

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Agustin Zucca

on 2 September 2013

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Transcript of Amazon Biome

Amazon Biome
Amazon Rainforest Location
The Amazon rainforest, Floresta Amazônica or Amazonia in Portuguese, is located in the upper section of Brazil. 60% of the rainforest is found on The Northeast of Brazil, while the rest is found in Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.
The Amazon soil is very poor in nutrients; the topsoil is only 2 inches deep. There are so many plants because the plants have an abundance of water and sun, so they can produce their own nutrients. When plants die the new ones use the left nutrients from the dead matter.
The Amazon Climate
The Rainforest is known for its humid and hot weather with an average temperature of 26 degrees Celsius all year long. There are no seasonal changes; at most it ranges 2 degrees Celsius.
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Amazon Organisms
Amazon Organisms
South American river turtle and the Poison dart frogs are very well known animals.
The Amazon River is full of fish such as Oscar, Neon tetra, Tambaqui, piranha, electric eels and Pirarucu. Some important invertebrates are the Leaf cutter ants, Termites, Rhinoceros beetle and Morpho butterflies. The common plants are the Aroids, Murumurs and Vines.

The Amazon Soil
Some animals present in the biome are the jaguar, the puma, the anteater, the squirrel monkey, and the capybara. The Amazon is well known for beautiful birds such as the toucan, macaw, hoatzin and a great kiskad. Some other beautiful creatures yet very dangerous are boas such as the boa constructor and the extremely famous green anaconda.

Physical and chemical factors that keep homeostasis and the limiting favors that challenge survival in the amazon
The warm and wet humid characteristics contribute to maintain the homeostasis of the rainforest; also the Amazon River keeps the balance in the ecosystem.
Limiting factors: amount of nutrients in the soil that are sucked up by the plants, and the amount of sunlight doesn’t allow the plants on the lower levels to live because of the trees shade the floor of the rainforest.

The climograph show the precipitation and temperature during the year of a city located in the middle of The Amazon rainforest called Sao Gabriel das Cachoeiras. we can use this as a representation of the rainforest do to its favorable geographic position, and it being completely immersed in the rainforest. As you see the temperature does not vary much, although the precipitation is rather low in September and very high in May.
Environmental Threats
Basically the biggest environmental threat to the Amazon Biome is the human race. We are destroying the Amazon day by day, and we don't seem to care. We cut down acres of trees causing deforestation. Deforestation leads to loss of biodiversity, habitat degradation, modified global climate, loss of water cycling, and social impacts.
Environmental Solution
What we can do in the amazon rainforest is to just keep in mind whats going to happen in some years if we keep doing the stuff we are doing right now. If we keep on cutting down trees in some years the Amazon rainforest will no longer be a forest anymore and millions of species will be lost. What we can do is to take conscious and aware people of the dangers and harm we are doing and they'll hopefully understand and stop or help sustain it.
•The spider monkeys are inhabitants of the canopy.
•Another animal that live in the canopy is the Sloth.
•The piranha leaves in the Amazon River, and is the most feared creature of the river.
•The jaguar hunts, swims, climb trees and they are territorial animals.
•The poison arrow frog is a very small yet extremely deadly animal, it lives around the Amazon River.

Commonly known as the orchid, the Orchidaceae is a widespread flowering plant. It commonly grows on other trees, an example of parasitism.

The Brazil nut scientifically known as the Bertholletia excelsa is a tree well known for its edible nut.
The poinsettia or Euphorbia pulcherrima it is well known for its use during Christmas time, but it is existent in the Amazon Rainforest.
The lobster-claws is the common name used for the Heliconia, it is also called false bird-of-paradise for its similarity to the Strelitzia.
The Bromeliaceae, or the bromeliad is known for accumulating water and allowing the dengue animal to lay his eggs on the still water, yet it is still a beautiful plant.
Specific Relationships
Cicadas lay their eggs on trees, when the cicada nymph hatches it falls to the ground and suck the sap that is an example of parasitism.
An example of commensalism in the Amazon rainforest is the frogs that use the leaves of the vermilliad as shelter, while the vermilliad is not affected.
Keystone Species
A keystone species of the amazon rainforest is the jaguar, it keeps the other species in check, in that way we don’t have a massive amount of animals which the ecosystem cant hold.
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