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The Great Inca Project!
Transcript of The Great Inca Project!
and Jacqueline Lee The Intro: The Inca Empire located in
South America, Peru (specifically in the Andes Mt.), was first discovered in 1200 C.E. They built themselves a city of Cuzco being led by the first ruler, Pachacuti. Food:
The Incas grew Maize, Potatoes, and Quinua. It was stored domestically between each harvest that they had. These crops were put into herbs and roasted or boiled dishes. The Inca ate no fried dishes because no cooking utensils were suitable for the job. For the Maize, if it was Roasted hard, it is called Murchu and "Capio" when it was boiled and tasty. With this corn, the Incas made popcorn. In addition, they made Maize Cake with flour and Maize. Drinks/Food:
The Incans drank drinks such as Quinua, Oca, or Molleberries. Quinua is a nourishing grain that can be eaten in stews, leaves, squashes, and bananas. Commoners ate 2-3 meals per day. Their typical breakfast was Chicha, a thick beer made from corn. For dinner they drank hart tea, corn with chili pepper seasoned with herbs, vegetables, soups and breads. Ceremonies:
One of the prominent Inca ceremonies was marriage. Women were married at the age of 16, and men in the early 20's. When the couple agrees to marriage, they exchange sandals and establish which home they are going to live in (Adobe bricks or stone). Everyone was required to marry. If a man did not marry by the age of 20, then a wife would be chosen for him. However, in a death ceremony, everyone were to wear black. Women cut their hair and to the relatives who attended the ceremony they ate food, drank and slow danced. On that day, the whole day is to revolve around the dead person, and no fire was to be lit. Since the majority of the Incans lived in the highlands; they wore thick, warm, pieces of clothing that was made from wool, cotton, and fabric. They wore clothes with no alterations to the fabric(had the most simply made clothing with pins and straight stiches) The commoners and nobles had fairly resembling simple style of clothing.The men wore strips of clothing and decorative ear plugs. The women wore long colorful dresses. However, each noble had different hair styles that imposed their status. Some other evident uses of clothing are how the clothes were also used for economy(trade) and religion. *http://www.inside-peru.com/ancient-inca-clothing.html Architecture: The Incas built the best planned buildings of the ancient America; they laid all the cities out in a grid. The Incas also built stone-cut fortresses, able to withstand natural disasters like earthquakes. They made the houses to blend into their surroundings; the houses were made of sun-baked bricks which contained roofs, windows, and doorways. And while they liked gold and silver, the interior was very simple. In cold nights, they slept on the mats, near the stove. Social Life: Inca was a hard-working empire that needed its supply of goods, everyday.
So, the Inca formed allyus (a group of 10-20 people that worked like a family to complete a specific job). Everyday the Incas had small amounts of time to eat, bathe, sleep, and attend ceremonies;other than that they were required to work. A law was forced which proclaimed that there should be no lazzyness and the penalty would be death. Life of the children: The children had to also work. The parents were unallowded to touch their children if not to feed or clean them. Many children died from neglect. They were married quite quickly around 12-16 for the girls and 20 for the boys. *http://www.inside-peru.com/ancient-inca-clothing.html Recreation: There were three, main social classes. The Inca social pyramid! The Incas played many different games to entertain themselves, however, two of them are: *Cabbage Eating Contest and *Tlachtili. Cabbage Eating Contest: Tlachtili: This was a known activity for the Inca for just fun. This was
done in only the Inca because the other civilization didn't have this surplus of food. This was a common sport done in all 3 civizations. This
game was for recreation and to please the gods with the loser's wife, money, clothes, and body. Emperor Emperor: Cabbage Eating Contest The Inca had one powerful emperor that ruled over the whole civilization. The Incan people believed that the emperor were descendents of the sun god, so they treated them with respect. The emperor owned everything including the treatment of luxury(gold, jewels, servants, children, wives). And even more bratty is that the emperor of Inca wore each cloth only once and then burned it, because of the divinity of the emperor. There were "chosen women" who were the ones who prepared clothes for the emperor. He only wore a special headdress decorated with unique fringes of gold and feathers. He wore heavy gold decorations and carried a royal badge and shield.
eror had hundreds of children and wives, but one primary wife called,"Coya-emperor's sister." TLACHTILI *World History:Medieval and Early Modern Times by McDougal Litell(pg.412) *http://prezi.com/47np_uvgv0ws/recreation-in-the-incan-empire/ *http://prezi.com/47np_uvgv0ws/recreation-in-the-incan-empire/ *http://library.thinkquest.org/C005446/Food/English/inca.html *http://www.machupicchu-inca.com/inca-clothing.html Nobles: Commoners: The Inca population were mainly commoners. The commoners were farmers, servants, and herders. The Incas didn't really focus on slavery, but it was crucial for them to apply their life to their jobs. To pay taxes, women weaved baskets and the men built roads. The Inca farmers had to give most of their goods to the government and the government gave it to the poor+government+their gods. The nobles owned many things, but not all things.They received land, servants, llamas, and clothing. Unfortunately, they did not pay taxes. They were also privileged to have more than one wife. There were three typles of the nobles. The first was the Capac Incas, who were the relatives of the emperor. The second class were the nobles (Hahua Incans). They were the people that were added, as the people increased in the cities. There also were inspectors, tax collectors, and people who made sure the people were obeying the laws. Social Structure/Culture of *Everyday Life of the Incas by Ann Kendall *The History of the Incas by Metraux, Alfred Thank You For Your Patience
Throughout This Presentation!