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English Tenses

Overview of the English Tenses
by

Eddie Compaan

on 7 September 2016

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Transcript of English Tenses

English Tenses
Time
Aspect
Past
Present
Future
Past Simple
Past Continuous
Present Perfect
Past Perfect
Present Simple
Present Continuous
Will
Going to
Present Continuous
Present Simple
Simple
Continuous
Perfect
Active and Passive
Timeline
now
past
future
before past
present simple
past simple
past perfect
future simple
past continuous
present continuous
I wash the car
I washed the car
I had washed the car
I will wash the car
had + past participle
verb + ed or irregular
verb (+s for he/she/it)
will + verb
was/were + verb + ing
am/are/is + verb + ing
I was washing the car
I am washing the car
present perfect
have/has + past participle
I have washed the car
finished action in the past
often a time reference (yesterday)
activity in progress at some point in the past
can be interrupted by a past simple
an action started in the past and continues until now
the result of a finished action in the past
never or always true for your entire life
something happened before something else, both are in the past
I washed the car yesterday
I was washing the car
I was washing the car when I saw a cat
I have played football since I was six years old
I have washed the car this morning, look how clean it is!
I have never washed a car
After I had washed the car, I saw a cat
a fact (of life)
something that is always or never true
a habit
water boils at 100 degrees centigrade
He works as a teacher
I always do my homework
an activity in progress
a temporary situation
I am washing the car
I am living in London to finish my studies
future intent
spontaneous decision
general reference to the future
I will have a birthday party
The phone rings: 'I will get it'
It will rain tomorrow
a plan
something is sure to happen
I am going to have a birthday party
Look at the clouds, it is going to rain!
future arrangement between people
I am seeing my dentist tomorrow
fixed future times, as in timetables
The train leaves tomorrow at 8.00 am
The simple aspect describes an action that is complete.
The action is seen as a whole unit.
The action describes a state that is permanent.
The continuous aspect focuses on the duration of the activity.
Time passes between the beginning and the end of the activity.
The activity is not permanent, it has an end.
The activity may not be complete.
The activity may be interrupted.
The action is completed before another time.
The exact time is not important, the perfect tense refers to indefinite time.
How to create a passive:
Swap
Keep the tense
Change the
object
of the sentence to the subject
Find the
tense
of the active sentence
Reconstruct this tense with '
to be
'
Add the
past participle
of the verb in the active sentence
I
wash
the car
The car
is washed
I
have washed
the car
Present Perfect
have / has been
The car

has been

washed
Full transcript