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Types of Government
Transcript of Types of Government
Two Domains of Goverment
The people govern the country directly by voting to make laws individually; electing leaders to enforce the law but they basically run the country themselves.
There is a parliament and a prime minister.
The prime minister (PM) is the leader of the parliament’s largest party.
The PM acts in the same way our President does. He or she is the leader of the country.
Ex. Japan, Ireland, India, Canada
Republics are example of Representative Democracy; the people don’t vote on laws directly, instead they elect representatives who then make and enforce laws on the people’s behalf.
An Oligarchy control is concentrated in a small group of leaders, who rule without any restrictions on their power.
-This small group of rulers usually keep power by oppression and exclusion of potential challengers.
Ex. China, Syria, Venezuela, Chad
Laws apply to EVERYONE.
-even to the country’s leaders and lawmakers
ex. Democracy, Republic
Power belongs to the ruler(s)
Rulers do not have to obey the laws they make
ex. Dictatorship, absolute monarchy
1. Parliamentary Democracy
2. Constitutional Monarchy
King or queen is official head of state, but have little to no power; elected officials run the country.
VERY similar to parliamentary democracy.
Constitutional Monarchies have a parliament of elected representatives who make and enforce laws.
The Prime Minister works with King or Queen as leader of the country.
Example of an unlimited ruler...
Ex. President Nixon facing the law...
Republics share power between the National and State levels of government
The US has three levels of government we call ‘Shared Power’
1. National Level: Congress (House of Reps/Senate), President, and Supreme Court. Washington DC
2. State Level: State Legislature (State Reps/State Senators), Governor, and State Courts. Boston
3. Local Level: City Council (councilors/aldermen), Mayor. Melrose
Our American Republic also splits governmental powers into 3 Branches. We call it "Separation of Powers."
1. Legislative (Congress) - they make the law
2. Executive (President) - he or she enforces the law
3. Judicial (Supreme Court) - they review the law
What are some advantages about a republic?
What are some disadvantages?
How do republics differ from parliament/constitutional monarchy?
People Elect Representatives who make and enforce laws in:
How laws are made and enforced under a dictatorship:
"I don't like the cut in that whale's jib..."
I think, I'm going to blow it up.
So the children slide down here?
They're having fun!?
No More Slides!!
Constitutional Monarchies Today
Compare that to this...
This is what the PM has to deal with every week.
One all-powerful ruler makes all decisions.
Usually takes over with force.
Step 1: Debate in US House of Representatives
Consider the differences between parliamentary democracy and our government in this context...law making.
Step 1 in Parliament...
Meanwhile back in Congress, the senate takes up debate
Step 2: Debate in US Senate
Hey look at that! Parliament's already voting.
What's happening with Congress...wait is that guy sleeping!?
Parliament is done for the day.
Congress on the other hand...
What the heck is congress doing now!?
-King or queen makes all decisions
-Passed down through family
Most European countries
had Absolute Monarchs until
the 18th Century CE.
The laws of the religion are the laws of the country.
-An example of theocracy in American history would be the pilgrims (aka puritan christians).
Another example today would be Islamic Republics.
-Islamic Republics are run by Muslim religious leaders
-The laws of the religion of Islam are the laws of the state
Ex. Iran, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Sudan.
Nobody is in control…or everyone is, depending on how you look at it.
-It is one way to describe human existence before any governments developed…like animals in the wild.
Would you prefer living in a state of anarchy?
Why or why not?