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Media Psychology Conference Germany August 2011

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Mary Beth Oliver

on 14 October 2015

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Transcript of Media Psychology Conference Germany August 2011

The Meaningful Sides of
Media Entertainment

mary beth oliver
penn state university

7th conference of the Media Psychology division of the DPGs
Jacobs University

background
varieties of meaningfulness
experiences of meaningfulness
what do meaningful experiences share?
future directions
background
assumptions
about entertainment
enjoyment
as THE goal
hedonism
assumed
conceptualized
as trivial
----Postman: Amusing ourselves to death
Huxley and Orwell did not prophesy the same thing...Orwell feared we would become a captive culture. Huxley feared we would become a trivial culture.
Oliver, M. B., & Raney, A. (in press). Entertainment as pleasurable and meaningful: Differentiating hedonic and eudaimonic motivations for entertainment consumption. Journal of Communication.
Hedonic & Eudaimonic
Gratifications
Enjoyment & Appreciation
as Response
Oliver, M. B., & Bartsch, A. (2010). Appreciation as audience response: Exploring entertainment gratifications beyond hedonism. Human Communication Research, 36(1), 53-81.
varieties of
meaningfulness
elicitors
fulfillment of
higher-order needs
relational - competency - autonomy
Tamborini, R., Bowman, N. D., Eden, A. L., & Grizzard, M. (2010). Defining media enjoyment as the satisfaction of intrinsic needs. Journal of Communication, 60, 758-777.
conflicting
values
Tamborini, R. (2011). Moral intuition and media entertainment. Journal of Media Psychology, 23(1), 39-45.
tragedy
Zillmann, D. (1998). Does tragic drama have redeeming value? Siegener Periodikum für Internationale Literaturwissenschaft, 16, 1-11.
... tragic drama's capacity for honing our empathic sensitivities and for making us cognizant of our vulnerabilities, compassions, and needs for emotional wellness (p. 12).
aesthetic
beauty
moral
beauty
multiple layers
of meaningfulness
phenomenology
of meaningfulness
assumptions
reflected in
extant research
happy and sad
are opposites
the most important
responses are immediate
narrative
engagement
Busselle, R., & Bilandzic, H. (2009). Measuring narrative engagement. Media Psychology, 12(4), 321-347.
fulfillment of
higher-order needs
relational - competency - autonomy
? gratification, confidence, security ?

? eudaimonic happiness ?
conflicting
values
? concern, cognitive dissonance,
confusion, introspection,
insight, contemplativeness ?
tragedy
sadness, grief, compassion, sympathy, empathy
aesthetic
beauty
reflective (versus reactive)
response
Cupchik, G. C. (1994). Emotion in aesthetics: Reactive and reflective models. Poetics, 23(1-2), 177-188.
awe
Keltner, D., & Haidt, J. (2003). Approaching awe, a moral, spiritual, and aesthetic emotion. Cognition & Emotion, 17(2), 297-314.
prototypical characteristics
vastness
accomodation
"







;











;
elevation
Haidt, J. (2003). Elevation and the positive psychology of morality. In C. L. M. Keyes & J. Haidt (Eds.), Flourishing: Positive psychology and the life well-lived (pp. 275-289). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Oliver, M. B., Ash, E., & Woolley, J. K. (forthcoming). The experience of elevation: Responses to media portrayals of moral beauty. In R. Tamborini (Ed.) Media and morality. Routledge, NY.
compassionate
moved
tender
poignant
inspired
bittersweet
meaningful experiences
are perceived as valuable
... has enriched my life
... has provided me with new insights
... has given me a deeper understanding of what's important in life
descriptors of the
films we watch
(popular films)
exciting (59%)
humorous (55%)
feelgood (33%)
suspenseful (36%)
goofy (27%)
stylized (37%)
imaginative (30%)
descriptors of the
films we value
(award nomination)
captivating (68%)
touching (44%)
sincere (36%)
contemplative (33%)
emotional (39%)
sentimental (32%)
clever (30%)
romantic (28%)
stylized (26%)
dark (28%)
hopes (36%)
gloomy (25%)
future
directions
therapeutic
value
insight
mortality salience
purpose in life
social
value
trauma
aultruism
Schnall, S., Roper, J., & Fessler, D. M. T. (2010). Elevation leads to altruistic behavior. Psychological Science, 21(3), 315-320.
social perceptions
Oliver, M. B., Krakowiak, M., & Tsay, M. Meaningfulness and the "kind-world" syndrome. Unpublished data.
Social
sharing
Social Transmission and Viral Culture
Jonah Berger Katherine L. Milkman
Toni Morrison
Nobel Prize-winning novelist
Rutgers University
I have often wished that Jefferson had not used that phrase “the pursuit of happiness” as the third right ... I would rather he had written “life, liberty and the pursuit of meaningfulness” or “integrity” or “truth.”
I know that happiness has been the real, if covert, goal of your labors here.
But I urge you, please don’t settle for happiness. It’s not good enough.
Personal success devoid of meaningfulness, free of a steady commitment to social justice, that’s more than a barren life; it is a trivial one.
final comments
Busselle, R., & Bilandzic, H. (2008). Fictionality and perceived realism in experiencing stories: A model of narrative comprehension and engagement. Communication Theory, 18, 255-280.
Cultural indicators of perceived value
narrative
engagement
tragedy +
conflicting values
moral beauty +
aesthetic beauty
aesthetic beauty +
tragedy
Oliver, M. B., Woolley, J. K., & Ash, E. Cultural indicators of the value placed on meaningful entertainment. Unpublished data.
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