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John Locke

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Briana Wiegan

on 21 April 2010

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Transcript of John Locke

John Locke Born August 29, 1632
in Wrington Sumerset, England Sent to prestigious Westminster
school in London Admitted to Christ Church, Oxford Found works of modern philosophers
more interesting than the classical material
that he was being taught introduced to medicine and experimental philosophy
through his childhood friend Richard Lower Obtained a bachelors degree of medicine from Oxford Died October 28, 1704 Never married or had any offspring His Life His Philosophy His mother died when he was an infant His father was a country lawyer and a captiain in Parliementary army
during the Civil war and later died while John was still a
young boy established the modern principle of Empiricism For those who don't know what
Empiricism is, it is according to Dictionary.com:
the doctrine that all knowledge is derived from sense experience
Tabula Rasa There is no such thing as innate ideas; there is no such thing as moral precepts You are a blank slate when you are born beginning at birth, you acquire information through your five senses and through reflection Epistemology

branch of philosophy that is concerned with the nature and limitations of knowledge It addresses the questions:

What is knowledge?
HOw is knowledge acquired?
What do people know?
How do we know what we know? Epistemology Favors the nuture side over the nature side appeared as a concept during the time of Aristotle Theories of Religious Tolerance formulated a classic reasoning centralized around three argurments:

One:

Earthly judges, the state in particular, and human beings generally cannot dependably evaluate the truth claims of competing religious standpoints two:

even if they could, enforcing a single "true religion" would not have the desire affect because belief cannot be compelled by violence three:

coercing religious uniformity would lead to more social disorder than allowing diversity An Essay Concerning Human Understaning Book 2 Every idea is derived from experience either from sensation, direct sensory information, or reflection includes his distinctions between simple ideas and complex ideas Book 3 Concern on language His theory is that words stand for ideas Book 4 concerned with knowledge including:

intuition
mathematics
moral philosophy
natural philosophy (science)
faith
opinion

Importance:
he denied that coercion should be used to bring people to what the ruler believes is the true religion and also denied that churches should have any coercive power over their members His Works A Letter concerning Toleration (1689) Two Treatises of Government (1689) An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690)

Some THoughts Concerning Education (1693)

Believed there was a higher being and whether
or not someone called him/her/it God did not matter
but what mattered was that we can rationally come
to the conclusion that a higher being does exist he reasoned that we have knowledge of our existence through
intuition and out existence of God through demonstration
Full transcript