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# The Arch and Math

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by

## Connor Morgan

on 14 December 2012

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#### Transcript of The Arch and Math

The Gateway Arch is one of the tallest man-made monument in the United States making it the largest arch. The Gateway Arch stands at 630 feet high. The Definition of an Arch-
a curved masonry construction for spanning an opening, consisting of a number of wedgelike stones, bricks, or the like, set with the narrower side toward the opening in such a way that forces on the arch are transmitted as vertical or oblique stresses on either side of the opening. There are 21 types of arches Flat arch, French arch, Triangular arch, Corbel arch, Round arch, Roman arch, Rampant arch, Stilted arch, Bell arch, Horseshoes arch, Trefoil arch, Segmental arch, Basket- handle arch, Pointed arch, Equilateral arch, Gothic arch, Lancet arch, Drop arch, Tudor arch, Surbased arch, and Ogee arch. The Arch is an incredible strong structure, but with out a single part of it would make the whole structure unstable. That is why the keystone is so important to the arch. The keystone, or capstone, is the center stone found at the top of the arch. In this position it supports the surrounding bricks or stones and helps distribute the weight of the remainder of the arch. Its name "keystone" comes from its importance: without it, the arch would collapse. Romans were the first to use keystones in their arches. The keystone is usually ornate with sculpted figures on it. The Arch and Math I found 4 good tourist attractions a few most people would know. 1. The Roman Coliseum: the Roman Coliseum has 4 floors and 3 of those floors are full of arches. Originally the Roman Coliseum had 80 arches on each floor so with 3 floors x 80 arches per floor= 240 arches. But those are only on the out side there are about a 100 other arches in the Roman Coliseum. So why is the Roman Coliseum a great tourist attractions, because about 5 million people visit the Roman Coliseum each year. 2. The Arch of Constantine witch is located in Rome. The Arch of Constantine is right next to the Roman Coliseum, so if 5 million people visit I would estimate about 4 million people visit the The Arch of Constantine. 3. The Arc de Triomphe witch is located in Paris, France. The Arc de Triomphe is visited by 60,000 people each year. Next too the Eiffel Tower the Arc de Triomphe is the most visited attraction in Paris. So people from all over come to see arches creating thousands of jobs and making a lot of money for the economy. 4. Now this tourist attraction is closer to home it is the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, U.S.A. The Gateway Arch is visited by over 4 million people each year. What I could find is that Arches emerged as Rome spreaded across Europe in 1200 to 500 AD. Works Cited
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