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Mythological Background of Iliad

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Transcript of Mythological Background of Iliad

THE TROJAN WAR
ILIAD
Mythological Background of Iliad
Report by: CLC#3 (Grade 10-Simeon)
Buenaventura, Danielle Alyssa
Campos, Marcial Jr
Directo, Jan Rouise
Donaire, Joykoh Kisha
Ilagan, Ignacio
Marasigan, Elgem Xyra
Solis, Jem Marie
meaning when translated "Story of Troy"
song of Iliad or song of Ilium
ancient Greek epic poem
tells about the battles and events during the weeks of a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles
one of the oldest extant works of Western Literature
passed through oral tradition
written version is usually dated around 8th century BC
the standard accepted version contains 15,693 lines
it is written in Homeric Greek

HOMER
• The Greek poet Homer was born sometime between the 12th and 8th centuries BC, possibly somewhere on the coast of Asia Minor.
• He is famous for the epic poems "The Iliad and The Odyssey", which have had an enormous effect on Western culture. Homer is unarguably the greatest poet of ancient times.
• He is the composer of Iliad and the Odyssey which hold the privilege of being the greatest poems of world literature.
• Homer is a mystery. The Greek epic poet credited with the enduring epic tales of The Iliad and The Odyssey is an enigma insofar as actual facts of his life go.

• Homer is thought to have been blind, based solely on a character in The Odyssey, a blind poet/minstrel called Demodokos.
• Homer's two epic poems have become archetypal road maps in world mythology. The stories provide an important insight into early human society, and illustrate, in some aspects, how little has changed.

• Homer enriched his descriptive story with liberal use of simile and metaphor, which has inspired a long path of writers behind him.
MAIN CHARACTER
OF ILIAD
The Trojan war started when Paris abducted Helen.

The story all started in the wedding of Peleus and Thetis, a sea goddess . Most important gods and mortals were invited except Eris, the goddess of discord.
She threw a golden apple into the crowd with the words “To the fairest” inscribed on it.

Three goddesses, Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite all claimed the apple should be for them. To resolve the disagreement Zeus appointed Paris, a Trojan prince and the most handsome of all men, to judge the contest.
All 3 goddesses bribed Paris.

Paris picked Aphrodite for the title “The Fairest.” In return Aphrodite helped Paris kidnap Helen, wife of the King Menelaus and the most beautiful woman in the world.

When Menelaus and his brother Agamemnon (King of Mycenae) knew about the abduction, Agamemnon led the Greek forces and send one thousand ships to go to Troy.
According to Greek mythology, Zeus believed that there were too many people populating the earth, he envisioned Momus or Themis, who was use the Trojan War as a means to depopulate the Earth, especially of his demigod descendants.
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